Everyone has the generally accepted opinion that pregnancy is formed exclusively during ovulation. Cases are different, and safe for sex days are the fateful moment of a safe conception. It's time to figure out and find out how many days before menstruation you can get pregnant, and which days do not provide for the continuation of the species.
Features of the menstrual cycle
The duration of the menstrual cycle for each girl is individual. Normally, its duration varies from 21-35 days, but the optimal period is the time interval of 28 days. The planned onset and end of menstruation is due to the specifics of the hormonal background. If you are interested, can you get pregnant before the monthly, it is advisable to recall such a concept as an egg.
On the 12-14 day of the menstrual cycle, it leaves the ovarian space and is ready for further fertilization. Here, in order to become pregnant, the participation of sperm is necessary. In the absence of such, the egg will soon die, and the girl may no longer fear the arrival of an extremely inappropriate pregnancy. This is an established process in the female body, which periodically, under the influence of pathogenic factors, can be disrupted.
How does the cycle on conception
At the beginning of the menstrual cycle, the chances of getting pregnant are minimal, in the middle - as high as possible, at the end they decrease again and allow you to relax a little during unprotected intercourse. Experts also warn that there is always a risk, therefore, it is recommended to contact your doctor with a relevant question. The most favorable period for a woman to become pregnant is 12-14 days from the start of her period. In addition, conception may occur 3 days before ovulation or within 3 days after.
It turns out that the starting point was the phase of ovulation, that is, 9-17 days of the full cycle. A woman, asking the question whether it is possible to get pregnant the day before menstruation, must remember that during this period there can be no talk of ovulation, especially with stable and timely menstruation. If a hormonal failure has occurred, the risk of successful fertilization increases significantly, or, conversely, reduces to zero. There may be several reasons for deviations, and the local gynecologist can help you find the right answer, as well as a planned instrumental and clinical examination.
Modern obstetric practice shows that two ovulations can occur simultaneously in one menstrual cycle. In practice, the case of an exceptional, but significantly increases the chance of the patient to get pregnant immediately before or after menstruation. In order not to get a baby before the time, it is necessary to buy individual tests for ovulation, carry them out at home, monitor the arrival of menstruation. The reason for this abnormal phenomenon is to be found in the gynecological office.
There are cases when ovulation is completely absent, and the menstrual cycle is broken. In the female body, hormonal disruption prevails, which can be corrected by medication, that is, by taking synthetic hormonal drugs. In the absence of ovulation and instability during menstruation, there is a suspicion of diagnosed infertility, which needs to be treated in order to become pregnant.
Is it possible to get pregnant before menstruation
If a woman leads an unstable sex life, she is more likely to get pregnant before the start of her period. This is explained as follows: the egg begins its maturation after previous sexual intercourse, therefore the planned arrival of menstruation can be significantly impaired. Pregnancy progresses just before the menstrual period, and the calculation of the woman is wrong. Doctors, in order to avoid such situations, recommend leading a full-fledged sex life, otherwise health problems and highly undesirable fertilization cannot be avoided.
Methods to make the calculation of ovulation, are home and professional, and doctors recommend to stay on one proven method and constantly use it. The question whether it is possible to become pregnant several days before menstruation does not have an unequivocal answer, since everything depends on the specifics of the organism, the health and the functionality of the reproductive system. If the arrival of menstruation is distinguished by its stability and consistency, then it is impossible to get pregnant a couple of days before the planned monthly.
Video: is it possible to get pregnant a week before menstruation
If there are still doubts about the given topic, dispel their local gynecologist and the videos suggested below. Any young lady should know what to expect from her body, correctly plan pregnancy and avoid rash actions, unwanted abortions. With ignorance on a given topic, an “interesting position” will be inappropriate, and the future mom will not bring a feeling of happiness and inner comfort. If there are any other questions on the topic of menstruation, the patient may unscheduled visit the gynecologist.
Menstrual calendar: safe days
Normally, the regulation cycle is 28 days, but in practice, this cycle is noted not by all women. About half of the representatives of the weaker sex monthly appear irregularly, start now earlier, then later than the due date. At the same time to determine the time of release of the egg from the follicle is impossible.
As a rule, this process occurs 12-14 days before the beginning of the next cycle. The egg cell moves into the fallopian tube. If during this period there is a spermatozoon, then the risk of becoming pregnant increases. In its absence, the gamete remains viable for about 24 hours. Accordingly, these days you can get pregnant with the maximum probability.
Spermatozoa are active in a woman's body for about four days, but the vitality of the strongest is so great that fertilization can occur a week after intimacy.
It is believed that only 5 days before menstruation you can get pregnant (the period of ovulation, the day of release of the gamete and the next day after that).
Thus, with a cycle of 28 days, starting from the 15th day, one cannot become pregnant. A few days before this date, the egg leaves the follicle, and by the 15th day it dies. Respectively, getting pregnant before menstruation is almost impossible. These days are considered to be the most secure.
Conception before menstruation can occur with a probability of no more than five percent, but only under the condition that menstruation comes every month without failures.
Find out more information about dangerous days for pregnancy by reading a separate article on our website.
The probability of pregnancy before menstruation
It has been proven that fertilization can occur on any day of the cycle, even during safe days. The highest chances are observed in the ovulatory period, but the probability of getting pregnant before menstruation also exists, although much less. Therefore, the calendar method of protection can not be considered reliable.
If we talk about whether you can get pregnant during the ICP, the doctors say that fertilization during this period is not excluded.
Even during your period you can get pregnant. After menstruation, the probability of successful fertilization is 17%; before they begin, it does not exceed 5%.
What a chance to get pregnant before menstruation depends on many factors. The body of a woman is individual and the processes that take place in it are not always predictable.
In many ways, the chances of conception depend on the individual characteristics of the female body. In order for the egg cell to become fertilized, a certain concentration of hormones in the blood is necessary. In each of the phases of the cycle, their level should be different.
Any violations of the hormonal background can lead to disruptions of the reproductive system. If hormone production occurs with deviations from the norm, then conception is quite possible 9 days before the menstruation and immediately in front of them.
Another factor casting doubt on the effectiveness of the calendar method is the regularity of the cycle. Any failures lead to a shift in the ovulation date, and accordingly, it is almost impossible to accurately calculate safe days.
The lifetime of sperm
Most spermatozoa die three days after being released into the reproductive system, and the probability of pregnancy before menstruation is minimal. This is due to the fact that a woman’s immune cells reject foreign bodies.
If the partner is permanent, then the lifespan of sperm cells is significantly increased. Immunity after a while begins to get used to them, due to which they do not die within a week.
Thus, before menstruation, you can get pregnant, and if the partner is permanent, the chances increase significantly.
The possibility of re-ovulation
The probability of a repeated ovulatory process in the period of one menstrual cycle is primarily due to violations of the hormonal system. Such a phenomenon is considered far from uncommon. Among the main symptoms that are observed, there are the following:
- unilateral pain in the abdomen,
- increased libido,
- swelling of the mammary glands,
- change in basal temperature.
Based on this, it becomes clear that it is possible to get pregnant before menstruation.
Hormonal contraceptive use
If a woman begins to be protected by contraception in the form of oral medications, then she does not even think that she can become pregnant. Although forget about the possibility of fertilization is not worth it in this case.
The guarantee of this method of protection is 99%, but only on condition that the doctor selects the medication. Otherwise, its effectiveness will be significantly less.
In addition, after the end of taking the pills, fertilization is possible on any day of the cycle, including before menstruation. The principle of action of contraceptive drugs is based on the fact that the egg does not come out of the follicle. In this case, sperm into the genital tract penetrate unhindered. Accordingly, as soon as reception of OK stops, the risk of becoming pregnant increases. Moreover, it is impossible to find out the exact day of the onset of menstruation during the period of recovery of reproductive function.
Myths and Reality
The female body is completely unpredictable, so no doctor will give an accurate answer to the question whether a girl can become pregnant before menstruation. In some cases, fertilization does not occur, but sometimes there is still conception in a given period of the cycle. No matter how scrupulously a woman keeps the calendar, how often she doesn’t measure the basal temperature, whatever contraceptive methods she uses, it’s not always possible to avoid pregnancy.
There are several myths that only contribute to unplanned fertilization.
Safety of intercourse a few days before menstruation
The opinion that an unprotected act a few days before the onset of menstruation is safe and fertilization during this period is impossible is common to many women. In fact, getting pregnant before menstruation is quite possible. Chances are not great, but they still exist. This is due to the viability of sperm, the duration of menstruation and cycle instability. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of the organism, which also affect the reproductive system and can lead to unexpected changes in its activity.
First sexual intercourse
Many girls do not know for certain whether it is possible to get pregnant before menstruation, if they have never had any intimacy before. Some are convinced that the first sexual intercourse, starting a few days before the menstruation, is absolutely safe, and conception cannot occur.
There is no difference what account a woman enters into an intimate relationship. The origin of a new life can occur at any time. According to statistics, pregnancy before menstruation occurs with a probability of 1-6%. Hope for the case is not worth it, it is better to choose a more reliable method of contraception.
The risk of conception before the critical days is small, but there is also no guarantee that pregnancy will not occur in this period. Doctors do not recommend resorting to the calendar method of contraception, as they are convinced of its unreliability.
The processes occurring in the female body, not always visible. To determine at home, when ovulation occurred and whether it is not approaching again, is quite difficult. Therefore, we have to doubt the effectiveness of this method of protection.
Menstrual cycle and pregnancy
The normal cycle duration for women ranges from 21 to 35 days. It can be divided into two phases:
The follicular phase begins on the first day of menstruation and is characterized by increased production of estrogen hormones. Steroid secretion is made possible by the development of several follicles in the ovaries. High estrogen levels affect endometrial proliferation. The proliferation of the inner layer of the uterus to the required thickness is a prerequisite for the subsequent introduction of the ovum in the case of fertilization.
However, only one follicle, called dominant, passes through all its developmental stages. The release of LH in the middle of the cycle leads to the rupture of the follicular membrane and the release of a mature egg, which is ready for subsequent fertilization. Its viability is 1-2 days. Fertilization occurs in the tube by merging the male and female germ cells. The introduction of the ovum into the inner layer of the uterus is observed approximately on the 6th day after the fusion.
In place of the follicle shells, a yellow body is formed, which actively synthesizes progesterone, called the pregnancy hormone. The second phase of the cycle lasts from 12 to 14 days.
The most favorable period for fertilization is considered the day of ovulation. Pregnancy often occurs if sexual intercourse occurred 2 days before the release of the egg. If the sperm has good performance, the male sex cells retain the ability to fertilize for up to 7 days.
In the absence of pregnancy, the corpus luteum regresses before menstruation. Cyclic changes in the level of hormones cause rejection of the endometrium, which is excreted from the uterus, due to a reduction in myometrium in the form of bleeding.
Can I get pregnant the week before menstruation
The probability of getting pregnant a week before menstruation exists in women with spontaneous ovulation. This phenomenon is marked against the background of hormonal imbalance, stress, weight gain.
The second ovulation occurs in 10% of women. In this case, you can get pregnant a week before menstruation. Some medical preparations, food containing natural estrogens, can provoke spontaneous ovulation.
Usually, only 1 follicle passes through all phases of development during a cycle. Progesterone production contributes to the regression of the remaining follicles, which makes repeated ovulation impossible.
Due to various internal and external factors, a release of FSH may occur, stimulating the maturation of several eggs. Sometimes the growth of follicles occurs against the background of the development of the corpus luteum, which sometimes supports hormonal jumps.
Is it possible not to be protected before menstruation
Women with a stable menstrual cycle often use the calendar method of protection, considering that pregnancy before menstruation is impossible. With an unstable cycle time, gynecologists do not recommend calculating days favorable for conception due to hormonal fluctuations.
Conception before menstruation cannot be completely excluded. The female hormones are affected by many processes occurring in the body and causing the displacement of critical days. Thus, an unprotected act before menstruation can lead to pregnancy.
When the test will show if she got pregnant before menstruation
The test shows the presence of pregnancy when hCG reaches the required concentration. This hormone is actively released after implantation of the ovum. The introduction of a fertilized egg into the uterine mucosa occurs 3-13 days after fusion with the spermatozoon. That is why some women test positive before the delay.
If conception occurred before menstruation with early ovulation, you can learn about pregnancy before the expected critical days. If the egg leaves the follicle late, the rapid test in the first days of the delay can be negative.
Experts emphasize that there is a low chance of pregnancy before menstruation. According to modern studies, the probability of conception is due to the following reasons:
- Features of the reproductive sphere in a particular woman. The release of a mature egg is not always observed in the middle of the cycle. In some cases, the follicular phase lasts 3 or more weeks, and conception may take place on the days of the expected menstruation. With short cycles, the release of the egg is observed on day 7. Thus, you can get pregnant before menstruation for a few days.
- Спонтанная овуляция. Гормональные колебания провоцируют рост нескольких фолликулов в течение 1 цикла.
- Прекращение приема КОК. Оральные контрацептивы подавляют продукцию гормонов, предотвращая созревание яйцеклеток. Skipping tablets sometimes leads to a backlash of the body, which is manifested by the development of follicles.