Scanty period after diet


Scanty periods are physiological and pathological. In general, menstruation with a length of 3 days with a small amount of discharge is considered normal. Every woman dreams of such a situation. But if before that the menstruation was 5 days, and then sharply reduced - this is a cause for concern. However, such a violation of the monthly cycle under certain circumstances may relate to normal phenomena. Is there any cause for concern? How to act in such a situation?

Main cause of poor monthly

In medicine, the reduction of menstrual flow in women is called hypomenorrhea. A decrease in the number of days of menstruation - "oligomenorrhea." Processes are marked by menstrual dysfunction, hormone imbalance. Deviation, first of all, is connected with ovarian disruption.

The main purpose of the ovaries - the production of hormones in sufficient quantities for a full menstrual cycle. Scanty periods are observed due to an increase in progesterone with estrogen deficiency. In the first half of the cycle, under the influence of estrogens, an endometrial layer grows on the uterus. Its purpose is to ensure the full development of a fertilized egg in the uterus in case of conception. At the end of the menstrual cycle, if fertilization has not occurred, the uterus begins to reject this layer. The process is accompanied by a certain discomfort, pain due to contractions of the muscles of the penis. Periods begin with the release of vaginal secretions, cervical mucus, and endometrial particles.

During a normal menstrual cycle, a woman's period lasts 3-5 days. The amount of discharge for the entire period from 50 to 150 ml. Deviation to the lower side indicates an underdeveloped endometrium layer - there is nothing to reject. Factors affecting the violation of ovarian function abound. From external influence to inflammatory processes and diseases. Anything can cause a violation.

Scanty monthly rates

In some cases, scanty periods are considered normal. And if in the lives of women there are the following situations, the reason for the violation of menstruation is very clear.

  • Formation of the menstrual cycle

The girls on this process is given 2 years. For 2 years, critical days come with a delay of 1 to 6 months, while discharge is often scant. The situation is normal for puberty. But if during 2 years the monthly is not normalized, the help of specialists is necessary.

The situation with scant menses is repeated in women with menopause. At this time, there is a depression of the childbearing function. Critical days behave differently. Breaks from 1 to 6 months. Scanty discharge periodically appears. Then completely disappear. If the process starts on time, after the age of 45, there is no cause for concern. But respect for your body and regular visits to the gynecologist is necessary.

  • Birth control pills

Acceptance of hormonal drugs affects the nature of menstruation. Birth control pills inhibit ovarian function. Does not allow them to produce estrogen. Along with this increases the level of progesterone. Hormones come from outside. Therefore, it is possible that the ovary will completely abandon its duties. The body will work in the new conditions, according to a certain scheme. 28 days the duration of the entire cycle. Of these, 5 days is allocated for menstruation. However, in the first months of taking the pills, the body perceives all this negatively. As a result of high hormonal stress, menstruation may not be at all. Or the selection will be small. In addition, brownish ointments may accompany a woman to the next estimated period. The situation requires a reaction when scanty periods continue after 3 months of taking the pills. It should be noted that the critical days with pills should differ from the previous ones by a smaller amount of discharge. If menstruation 50 ml - no cause for concern.

  • Birth of a child

After birth, the body will reverse hormonal adjustment. Monthly are restored almost the whole year. The first menstrual flow should appear after the end of breastfeeding. But scant periods are possible when the child is given complementary foods. The situation is associated with the production of a large number of "milk" hormone. It simply does not allow the menstruation to occur so that the quality and quantity of milk does not change. When the need for feeding disappears, the body begins to restore its function. At first, there are small ointments, and this is normal. If the situation lasts about a year, you should consult with a specialist.

Causes of poor monthly under the influence of external factors

The situation can be regarded, on the one hand, as a normal phenomenon, on the other - a deviation. That is, under certain circumstances, it should be so, but not desirable.

  • Climatic conditions

The reason for the scanty menstruation may be moving to a new place of residence, temporary rest in warm countries. This is a sharp change in temperature, humidity, time. The body gets a lot of stress. Not yet decided how to behave. Of course, this situation is reflected in the monthly cycle. Discharge is small for 2-3 days. The reason is banal and generally safe. After returning to their native places, the cycle is restored, the menstruation comes normal. The same should happen in the new conditions within 3 months. If a woman has changed permanent residence.

  • Nervous stress

The central nervous system coordinates all the processes of a woman’s monthly cycle, including regulating hormone production. Unpleasant moments in the life of a woman in the past month, an unfavorable psycho-emotional situation at home, at work, leads to a disruption of the monthly cycle. The body can react in menses with strong intensity and weak. Scanty monthly occur more often due to severe fatigue, stress, depression. Bleeding is preceded by severe stress. To restore the normal monthly cycle, it is necessary to eliminate unfavorable factors. Rest more, get enough sleep, relieve tension after a hard day's work. If the situation is repeated several months in a row, the help of specialists will be required.

Due to abortion in the body there is a dramatic change in hormonal levels. It is difficult to predict the reaction. But options 2. Either menstruation begins with a strong intensity, or scanty periods come. Bleeding should be considered an alarming symptom. Scanty periods are normal after an abortion. Normal menstruation should come in the next monthly cycle.

  • Genital surgery

Surgical treatment often causes scanty menstruation. This is due to mechanical damage to the tissues of the uterus, other genital organs, hormonal imbalances. The recovery period in each case is individual. But not more than 6 months.

  • Medication

The cause of scanty menstruation can be treatment. This mainly concerns hormonal drugs. Including, when used independently to call menstruation or to establish a monthly cycle. As well as drugs that affect blood clotting. One such acetylsalicylic acid. Scanty periods can cause an excessive amount of vitamin C in a woman’s body.

  • Physical exhaustion

The situation with poor menstruation is often found in athletes who subject the body to constant physical exertion. Although pomerny physical education, on the contrary, a positive effect on the body of a woman. Appear in women who, by the nature of their activities, constantly get tired physically.

  • Malnutrition

The cause of scanty menstruation is associated with the inadequate replenishment of the woman's body with useful trace elements, vitamins. This is due to a strict diet, improper nutrition. Sharp weight loss leads to hormonal imbalance. The situation is dangerous not only by reducing the intensity of discharge, but by their complete absence.

This factor can not be excluded. Especially if there was a significant delay before the arrival of scanty menses. Selection of low intensity in some cases do not carry danger. Doctors this phenomenon is called "washing the fetus." But they should stop in 2 - 3 days. If this does not happen, the discharge increases - a breakdown or the presence of an ectopic pregnancy is possible. In any case, you must see a doctor. Pre-conduct a pregnancy test. In case of bleeding, call an ambulance.

Causes of poor menstruation pathological

The most unpleasant cause of changes in the intensity of secretions - diseases, inflammatory processes. Independently the problem is not solved. It is necessary to contact a gynecologist, other specialists. The woman will have to undergo examination, examination. Some diseases are detected quickly, qualified treatment is prescribed. To identify others takes a long time. Recognizing the disease by symptoms alone is difficult. Since most of them are associated with hormonal imbalance, inflammation, infection. Symptoms are similar. And in some cases, the disease at first is asymptomatic. The only cause for concern is the change in the intensity of menstruation.

In addition, the cause of scanty periods can be diseases of the reproductive system, central nervous, endocrine and individual internal organs, which are responsible for the hormonal balance, the reproductive function of the woman's body. For example, inflammation of the uterus, ovaries, erosion, uterine fibroids at the initial stage of the disease can cause the arrival of scanty menses.

The causes of menstruation more than enough. Than to guess, it is better to go to the doctor’s office, to start treatment, if necessary. It is interesting that there is a situation when the menstruation after certain circumstances changes and for a woman in an altered state she remains throughout all the cycles. For example, after childbirth, long-term reception of contraceptives, change of residence. How to recognize the disturbing symptoms of a violation of the cycle and the usual change in menstruation?

Symptoms of anxiety secretions

In the expected periods of menstruation, a woman watches on her underwear a drop of blood, or a small amount of colored mucus. The color changes from pink, red to brown. Dark color appears due to the rapid coagulation of blood under the influence of oxygen. Discharge continues from 1 to 3 days. In the presence of diseases of the genital organs can not stop for a long time. But accompanied by severe pain in the lower abdomen, lower back, weakness in the body.

If the cause of changes in secretions is external factors, the woman’s well-being does not change much. In general, the symptoms remain normal menstruation. Nausea, irritability, mild malaise, cramping abdominal pain, discomfort in the lower back, changes in stool, breast augmentation.

However, we should not forget that the lack of treatment if necessary and a long period of small discharge can lead to a weakening of the sexual function of a woman, reduce libido, lead to infertility, cause a complete absence of menstruation - amenorrhea. The causes of obscure secretions must be dealt with by a doctor.

What is scanty monthly?

Scanty periods are rare bleeding. For normal menstruation, this type of discharge is not normal. The duration of the month should not last more than three days. And the number of days between cycles does not change. Such periods do not always lead to serious diseases, but there are exceptions.

Most women often face changes in the cycle. The image of brown discharge can be affected by minor stresses, hypothermia, infectious diseases, physical and emotional stress, as well as medication. Short periods of brown with clots may appear after an examination by a doctor or abortion. Such secretions are not a problem even when it is the beginning of puberty in girls. Slight discharge during this period may be due to hormonal disruption in the body.

Damage to the menstrual cycle is the most popular complaint among women of any age. It happens that women misunderstand the symptoms that have appeared, and refer various blood appearances to menstruation. To correctly understand all the signs of menstrual disorders, you need to know how the body's hormonal structure works, and why critical days come.

The menstrual cycle is considered the sum of the days from the first bleeding to the second. Usually, it is 28 days, but sometimes a month or more. Menstruation usually does not last more than a week, but must go for at least three days. It is more difficult to determine how much a woman loses blood during these days. It is believed that somewhere 40-150 ml. Such a measure is considered normal. To make it easier to count, a woman should change no more than four pads. Scanty periods are different from the usual: in this state, a woman loses less than 40 ml. with the usual distance between menstruation.

The menstrual cycle is needed to give a woman a chance to get pregnant. In the construction of the menstrual cycle are:

  • Brain. With it, the nervous system directs the ovaries.
  • Ovaries They are a source of various hormones. In the first stage, estrogen dominates, and in the second, progesterone plays a role. An egg cell appears in the ovaries every month. When the egg has matured, it is ready for fertilization. The process is called ovulation.
  • Uterus. Changes in the uterus depend on ovarian hormones. First, the uterus grows in size, acquiring new blood vessels. When pregnancy does not occur, then all the changes are gradually rejected, and turn into menstruation.

To understand why scanty periods began, it is necessary to spend a lot of time on diagnosis: it’s not so easy to identify. Remember that scanty periods always come with normal menstruation, but are marked by the number of blood loss. Different bleeding is not always monthly.

Treatment of scanty menses

Treatment of menstruation should be taken seriously. How to be treated and how much time is needed - they will say only after a special examination. Women who have a congenital pathology often require surgical intervention. Girls at the time of puberty do not need treatment.

Scanty periods do not need treatment:

  • if women have a menopause,
  • when they appeared due to a cold
  • when the patient is underweight,
  • they were provoked by stress
  • while taking hormonal medications,
  • menstruation after childbirth.

One of the best ways of treatment is hormone therapy. After diagnosis, treatment is prescribed. When scanty periods are due to infertility, therapy does not always help. Antibacterial treatment is prescribed during inflammatory processes.

Whatever the cause of scanty periods, weight correction and elimination of immune disorders are always performed. Treatment with folk methods helps only in some cases: it usually has an auxiliary process.

Scanty menstruation brown or otherwise hypomenorrhea is a violation of the menstrual cycle, which is expressed in extremely small bleeding. At the same time, blood is released much less than the physiological norm in 50 ml - 150 ml. In this physiological state, one can even speak not of bleeding, but of brown smears from light to dark.

Quite often, in this state, the duration of menstruation is reduced. It happens that poor monthly brown color is the first harbinger of its complete cessation. Determine what it is: a certain physiological state or pathology can only be done by examining a doctor.

Main symptoms

If menstruation is scanty, blood is released by drops or is smearing, leaving traces of brown. The duration of the menstruation itself may also decrease. The condition is sometimes aggravated by headaches, nausea, lower back and chest pain, diarrhea, or, conversely, constipation.

Scanty menstrual browns are sometimes quite painful, with cramps. In most cases, hypomenorrhea is asymptomatic and painless, without causing any anxiety. However, it is worth paying attention to the changes that are taking place, because the condition can be caused by a serious illness.

Normal physiological scanty periods are characteristic of the very beginning of menstruation in girls or, conversely, for menopause, that is, the extinction of menstrual function. These are natural hormonal changes. They may start in a woman recovering from childbirth or while breastfeeding. Появление мажущих выделений после родов на несколько циклов также является вариантом нормы.

Небольшие выделения могут быть первыми симптомами беременности, на которые нужно также обратить внимание и провериться, чтобы беременность не оказалась внематочной. If the meager monthly appear at the very beginning of the ordinary, this is also not a big deal. But in the normal state at reproductive age, such secretions can be a serious bell.


To determine the causes of scarce menstrual women need to be examined in consultation. After a gynecological examination, smears are assigned to cytology, bacpery, PCR diagnostics. Of great importance is the test to identify the level of hormones: progesterone, estrogen, thyroid hormone, androgens, insulin, prolactin.

If high levels of androgens and insulin are detected, an analysis of polycystic ovary is indicated. A woman may be recommended to make a schedule of basal temperature, they will send blood for HCG, make an ultrasound of the uterus and ovaries, kidneys and adrenal glands. To rule out the possibility of a pituitary and ovarian tumor, they may recommend CT and MRI, biopsy and histology. To exclude endocrinological diseases, thyroid research is conducted.

The treatment is aimed at eliminating the underlying disease that caused scanty periods. Sometimes an endocrinologist's observation is required.

  • If cycle disturbances were caused by abnormal lifestyle, stress, diets, vitamins, regimen and other corrective measures are prescribed: acupressure, aromatherapy, phytotherapy.
  • If the changes are due to a hormonal failure, hormonal medications are shown.
  • If this condition is provoked by stress - sedatives, anti-depressants, homeopathy can be chosen.

In any case, if your periods are scarce, you need to take a closer look at your health: walk more often in the fresh air, put more vegetables and fruits into the diet, learn how to react to stress.

Telecast telling about the reasons for the loss of menstruation and methods of treatment (advice of endocrinologists)

Scanty periods are physiological and pathological. In general, menstruation with a length of 3 days with a small amount of discharge is considered normal. Every woman dreams of such a situation. But if before that the menstruation was 5 days, and then sharply reduced - this is a cause for concern. However, such a violation of the monthly cycle under certain circumstances may relate to normal phenomena. Is there any cause for concern? How to act in such a situation?

In medicine, the reduction of menstrual flow in women is called hypomenorrhea. A decrease in the number of days of menstruation - "oligomenorrhea." Processes are marked by menstrual dysfunction, hormone imbalance. Deviation, first of all, is connected with ovarian disruption.

The main purpose of the ovaries - the production of hormones in sufficient quantities for a full menstrual cycle. Scanty periods are observed due to an increase in progesterone with estrogen deficiency. In the first half of the cycle, under the influence of estrogens, an endometrial layer grows on the uterus. Its purpose is to ensure the full development of a fertilized egg in the uterus in case of conception. At the end of the menstrual cycle, if fertilization has not occurred, the uterus begins to reject this layer. The process is accompanied by a certain discomfort, pain due to contractions of the muscles of the penis. Periods begin with the release of vaginal secretions, cervical mucus, and endometrial particles.

During a normal menstrual cycle, a woman's period lasts 3-5 days. The amount of discharge for the entire period from 50 to 150 ml. Deviation to the lower side indicates an underdeveloped endometrium layer - there is nothing to reject. Factors affecting the violation of ovarian function abound. From external influence to inflammatory processes and diseases. Anything can cause a violation.

How to treat scanty periods: the causes of the violation

Menstrual flow reflects well the current state of health of a woman. Causes of poor monthly periods can be both natural and indicate the occurrence of a violation.

Only a doctor can make a diagnosis accurately, but a woman with the help of the following article can make a primary diagnosis.

Because not in all situations a small amount of blood suggests a pathology.

Determination of hypomenorrhea

Hypomenorrhea is one of the disorders of the menstrual cycle, manifested in an insufficient amount of secretions that do not correspond to the usual physiological norm of a woman.

Deviation can occur at any age: from the formation of the cycle to the extinction of the reproductive function. In most cases, the phenomenon is of short duration (in one month) and should not cause concern.

Additional symptoms are possible with poor monthly periods:

  • dizziness, migraines,
  • nausea, vomiting,
  • pain in the abdomen and lower back,
  • diarrhea or constipation
  • decrease in sexual desire
  • nosebleeds,
  • apathy,
  • poor appetite
  • general weakness.

But often the menstrual flow is painless and is not accompanied by additional discomfort. Therefore, women do not pay attention to the small amount of blood on the pad.

Sometimes menstruation is only when a woman goes to the toilet under stress. About the reasons for such a violation, see one of our articles.

How to understand if there is a problem

Each organism is individual, so all women have their own rates of monthly bleeding. And this volume should be in the range of 50-150 ml based on information from the Big Medical Encyclopedia.

But modern practice shows that you need to take into account the individual variation, where in some women discharge of 40 ml or 250 ml is considered normal. This can only be confirmed by systematic observation by a doctor, when the patient has no complaints, and tests confirm her health.

It is also difficult to measure menstruation. Therefore, women constantly ask their gynecologists exactly which periods are considered scarce. The minimum threshold is 50 ml, and everything that is less only assumes, but does not confirm hypomenorrhea.

You can make calculations using tampons:

  • the number of drops of hygiene products
  • duration of menstruation,
  • the number of tampons per day.

It is better to consider everything by example. Monthly discharge goes 4 days, the girl uses mini tampons (6-9 ml). According to the advice of gynecologists, the tool should not be in the vagina for more than 5 hours.

On the day you need about 3 or 4 pieces. If the tampon becomes wet for the indicated time not to the end, then we multiply 6 ml by 16, and if it is filled completely, then we take 9 ml. As a result of the calculations, it can be seen that in this case the patient loses approximately 96 to 144 ml over the entire period of bleeding.

Gaskets can also be used for control. To do this, fit daily. If within an hour it is practically not soaked, then it is worth suspecting a deviation.

Age effect

When menstruation is very small, it can be considered the physiological norm. But only in the following situations:

  • puberty (from about 11 to 19 years),
  • premenopause period, early menopause (30 years).

After the menarche, the girl is often unstable discharge. The problem has several manifestations:

  • minor bleeding on the background of a normal cycle,
  • rare menstruation with an interval of more than 35 days,
  • short periods (less than three days),
  • painful onset of the cycle
  • frequent delays (bleeding only a few times a year).

This is not a deviation at the beginning of the formation of a cycle. By the time it may take from 12 months to three years. Keeping the problem longer than this period requires examination. The doctor will help you to understand what caused the scarcity of discharge, as well as prescribe the appropriate treatment.

After 40 years, the causes of scanty periods are associated with a premenopausal period. The first symptoms can appear in 35 - 45 years, when there is a gradual extinction of the reproductive system. The following signs will help identify this period:

  • tides of varying intensity
  • decrease in sexual desire
  • excessive sweating
  • mood swings
  • trouble sleeping
  • reduced performance
  • dry genital organs
  • pain in the joints, abdomen.

For the female body comes a difficult time, so you need to pay special attention to health. Hypomenorrhea may hide a more serious disease.

The egg does not mature

Sometimes there are anovulatory cycles. Against this background, delays are often noted, after which a little bit of bleeding begins. It is completely harmless to health if it is celebrated only a couple of times a year.

Oral contraceptives can block ovulation or deplete the structure of the endometrium. Therefore, it is normal for a small number of menstruation after the abolition of birth control pills, until your own hormonal balance is fully restored.

External factors

Answering the question, why do scanty periods go, do doctors first evaluate the relatively harmless causes of failure. Disruption of the menstrual cycle may be due to the following external circumstances:

  • stress, emotional stress,
  • lack of vitamins
  • excessive exercise
  • work in hazardous production,
  • abrupt climate change
  • bad habits,
  • consequence of surgical intervention.

It is not necessary to treat such phenomena, it is enough to change the way of life, to rest more, to improve the diet. In rare cases, sedatives are required if the patient cannot cope with the psycho-emotional stress. Over time, menstruation secretions become stable and correspond to the norm in volume.

When scanty periods indicate pathology

The unusual nature of bleeding is important to explain immediately after the first symptoms. Even a small change in the cycle in the form of prolonged scanty monthly periods may indicate the development of the following pathologies:

  • excessive leanness or obesity
  • genital anomalies,
  • inflammatory processes
  • infection,
  • endocrine diseases
  • problems with the ovaries,
  • disorders of the pituitary gland,
  • pathology of the uterus and its parts,
  • hormonal disruptions
  • the consequence of abortion,
  • anemia, problems with immunity,
  • genital infantilism,
  • blood coagulation disorders,
  • intoxication of the body, the consequences of harmful radiation,
  • violation of metabolic processes,
  • diabetes.

Due to the large number of possible causes of violations can not pick up drugs on their own. The same rule applies to traditional medicine, which can only temporarily fix the problem.

Ectopic pregnancy

Very scanty and dark periods can indicate ectopic pregnancy. And the girls say that they went not exactly menstruation, but the discharge, which can be confused with monthly bleeding on the background of hypomenorrhea:

  • small amount of blood
  • dark brown shade
  • long character.

It is extremely important to diagnose ectopic pregnancy in time. If a woman does not go to the hospital for a long time, then the risk of rupture of the fallopian tubes, peritonitis and bleeding into the abdominal cavity increases.

Highlight color

Scanty and prolonged menstrual browns can have several causes of appearance:

  • weak uterus tone,
  • prolonged depression
  • severe stress
  • genital trauma,
  • consequence of abortion, surgery,
  • improper functioning of the pituitary gland, ovaries.

If the marks on the strip are lighter than usual (pink), then these secretions are not associated with menstruation and may occur against the background of a delay.

Medications for scanty menses

Preparations for the restoration of the menstrual cycle are selected on the basis of a survey and an established diagnosis.

You need to understand that there is no specific means for the treatment of scanty periods, from the reception of which their volume increases.

Therefore, the root causes are eliminated first, which is why the monthly bleeding has decreased.
This may be progesterone-based hormone maintenance therapy:

  • Utrozhestan,
  • Duphaston,
  • Norcolut to call monthly.

Follow the link to learn how to take Utrozhestan to call monthly.
Alone to drink hormones can not. Incorrect regimen, increasing the dose against the background of an inaccurate diagnosis aggravates the situation. Monthly after the introduction of progesterone undergo changes - there are brown discharge smearing character or clots.

Ascorbic acid helps with the delay of menstruation and the scarcity of secretions.

If you have problems with the thyroid gland:

To eliminate inflammatory processes:

  • Metronidazole (not an antibiotic),
  • Ampicillin
  • Cefoxime,
  • Ceftriaxone.

As an additional treatment, when little blood is released and menstruation goes badly, the gynecologist may prescribe homeopathic remedies:

This is only an indicative list. The above medicines can only be drunk after the permission of the attending physician. If you do this at home on your own, the risk of complications and the emergence of additional failures almost always increases.

For the normalization of menstruation, you can drink Vitamin E. Refer to the link for the regimen and recommendations for taking the drug.


Sometimes you can do without drugs, but in the absence of an inflammatory process or pathology of the pelvic organs, thyroid. Will help get rid of the problem of tinctures and herbs with very scant menstrual periods, if the cause is a slight failure or external factors (stress, physical exertion).

Strengthen your period will help these recipes:

  1. Parsley and rue. Mix herbs in a ratio of 2: 1 to get 1 tbsp. l Add 200 ml of boiling water. Broth insist a few hours. For treatment, it is enough to divide the resulting liquid into three times, after drinking it all in one day.
  2. Sagebrush. After administration, the period should increase, the pain disappear. Need to take 2.5 spoons of dry plants in a glass of boiling water. The daily dose is 3 tbsp. l
  3. Verbena. The broth is prepared on the basis of 1st. l herbs poured a glass of boiling water. Can be used at any time throughout the day.

Without proper treatment, non-abundant menstruation develops into a delay or passes only for a while.

Medicinal herbs should be used sparingly. Many plants can cause severe bleeding, as they are used most often with delays.

Testimonials and Prevention

Studying reviews about the causes of scanty periods, it is clear that only 10% were diagnosed with serious disorders and diseases. Most often they were associated with inflammation due to infection and the consequence of improper use of oral contraceptives. And all women had to be examined.

In most situations, these tips helped to eliminate and prevent the problem:

  • elimination of strict diets
  • enriching the diet with vitamins and microelements,
  • exercise control,
  • overcooling protection
  • normalization of psycho-emotional state,
  • systematic visits to the gynecologist,
  • condom use during sex,
  • cycle tracking.

The following features of menstruation speak of complete recovery:

  • duration from three to five days,
  • blood loss over 50 ml (maximum 150-200 ml),
  • discharge every 21-35 days
  • minimal discomfort.

Article materials may be used for informational purposes only. When menstruation goes bad for several cycles, it always means some failure. Be sure to go to the hospital, even if they are painless.

Any violation that caused hypomenorrhea, it is important to eliminate in the early stages of development.

In case of deviations, the doctor will help you choose a treatment regimen so that menstruation goes moderately and does not outgrow from the wrong treatment into heavy bleeding.

The reasons for the poor monthly, why the monthly became very scarce

The health of a woman of childbearing age, as a rule, can be determined by the way her menstrual cycle takes place. Any insignificant deviation from the relative norm can be interpreted as a normal fact, and as a pathological phenomenon resulting from any violation or disease.

Menstruation is characterized by many factors: by its regularity, by the cycle duration, by the duration of the blood discharge itself, by the number, intensity of bleeding, by the color of the discharge before and after the menstruation, is there any pain during the menstruation, is the woman worried about premenstrual syndrome, is there brown , blood discharge in the middle of the cycle and so on.

How to figure out a woman, for example, why were scanty periods, the reasons for such a change? If this is some kind of pathology, then what? Of course, a woman in the first place should look for an answer from her gynecologist after passing a comprehensive examination. In this article we will try to talk about all the possible causes of scanty periods in girls, young women and women in the period before menopause.

What is considered the norm, what pathology?

Many women do not think, do not pay attention, do not attach much importance to how menstruation goes, whether the cycle is regular and what the discharge is.

However, if a woman monitors her health, plans to have a baby, especially if the pregnancy does not occur for a long time, she should know that the nature of the menstrual flow is a sufficiently significant indicator of possible disorders, diseases, abnormalities in the reproductive function of the body.

Normally, menstruation should proceed as follows, any deviation from these norms, doctors regard as hypomenstrual syndrome or menstrual dysfunction:

  • menstruation should be either painless or completely painless.
  • should last at least 3-5 days
  • the interval may be normal within 21-35 days
  • excreted blood volume is considered normal in the range of 50-150 ml

To determine the "normality" of the menstrual cycle, especially if the woman is planning a pregnancy, it is advisable to keep a sort of observation diary, make a sign on where to record the monthly date, the cycle duration, the duration of the bleeding itself, the nature of the discharge, and you can also keep a table of basal temperature measurements, which also It is a great way to determine normal or abnormal ovarian function and helps those who are preparing for pregnancy.

Hypomenorrhea in medicine is called non-abundant periods, having only traces of blood or drops of blood from light brown to dark brown, which are considered pathology of menstrual function. The only exception is 2 periods in the life of a woman, when the causes of scanty periods are the formation or extinction of the menstrual cycle, when ovulation occurs irregularly.

When a girl has just started menstruating, usually the first menstrual periods are scanty, while the cycle is gradually established within a year, normalized, and should become regular in a year. During the first year of menstruation, as well as menstrual dysfunction, menstruation may be:

  • rare - this is when the cycle is 1.5 -2 months
  • scanty - 50 ml. and less - hypomenorrhea
  • shortened - oligomenorrhea, when menstruation ends by day 3
  • not permanent, but 2-4 times / year - spanmenorrhea

Also, poor monthly periods are not considered pathology at a time when a woman begins to lose reproductive function - premenopause, which is a natural age-related hormonal rearrangement and is not considered a sign of any disease. Fading of ovarian function begins in women, usually after 45 years, but there are rare cases when it occurs much earlier, around 38-40 years old.

Hypomenorrhea in gynecology is usually divided into:

  • primary when the girl has never had normal menstruation
  • secondary, when a woman always had normal bleeding, and for certain reasons, her periods became scarce.

Primary hypomenstrual syndrome may be in adolescents with congenital pathology of the genital organs, which is quite rare.

When the girls appear first scanty periods, the cause may be underdevelopment or abnormal development of the female genital organs, and may also be a variant of the norm and during several cycles the menstruation becomes normal (see the reasons for the absence of menstruation).

Symptoms that may accompany poor monthly

Even very scanty periods can occur both painlessly and imperceptibly for a woman, as well as with severe pain. In addition, the duration and intensity of menstruation can be shortened, scanty periods often occur after a delay in the appearance of pronounced premenstrual syndrome and are accompanied by additional ailments, such as:

  • severe lower abdominal pain due to spastic uterine contraction
  • lower back pain in the chest
  • headaches, nausea
  • various bowel disorders - constipation or diarrhea

Sometimes with hypomenorrhea, some women have nosebleeds every time. Due to the decrease in estrogen secretion in women, libido and reproductive function may decrease.

If a woman of childbearing age menstruation was initially normal and then impoverished, this is a serious cause for concern and to establish the cause of menstrual dysfunction.

Scanty period after childbirth

Very often women have scanty periods after childbirth, if the mother does not breastfeed the baby for some reason.

Then they begin monthly after 6-8 weeks, and often they can be physiologically or abundant or irregular, and the first menstruation after birth can be in the form of brown secretions.

After pregnancy and childbirth, the body does not have time to rebuild and hormonal levels gradually normalize over several menstrual cycles.

Sometimes in some women, even with lactation, it is possible to restore the menstrual cycle, especially when the baby goes to supplements. Prolactin, responsible for lactation is not produced, it leads to ovulation and the appearance of menstruation in a woman.

The appearance of scanty monthly after childbirth for several cycles is a variant of the norm, but if it becomes permanent, it is cause for concern, as it may indicate an exacerbation of gynecological chronic diseases or be the result of other disorders in the body.

After scraping

Any intrauterine intervention - abortion (complications), diagnostic curettage, removal of polyps, etc., can be the cause of a poor monthly period. Since such an intervention violates the hormonal balance, and leads to the inferiority of the endometrium.

If, in addition to menstrual irregularities, an unpleasant smell, pain, fever also appears after curettage, the woman should immediately consult a doctor, because the cause may be an inflammatory process due to unsuccessful surgical manipulation, incomplete removal of the fetal membranes, and a possible infectious-inflammatory process started after abortion or diagnostic curettage.

The most serious and frequent pathological reason for the development of hypomenorrhea in women of reproductive age is impaired ovarian and pituitary function, which are regulators of menstrual function. For example, pituitary insufficiency - Sheehan syndrome, can lead to a complete absence of menstruation (amenorrhea) or other menstrual dysfunction.

Various inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs

These are inflammations of the uterus appendages - adneskit (salpingoophoritis), inflammations of the ovaries - oophoritis caused by various pathogens, STIs. They can occur from severe hypothermia, frequent improper douching (douching is harmful or beneficial), other infectious diseases leading to the transfer of the pathogen from the bloodstream from other organs to the female genital organs.

  • Psychological overwork, nervous overstrain, irrational mode of rest and work, physical and psychological overwork.
  • Mini-abortion, medical abortion, spontaneous miscarriage, especially during the first pregnancy, when sudden hormonal changes occur - all this provokes the development of sustained ovarian dysfunction.
  • Underdevelopment of the genital organs, abnormal development of the uterus and uterus.
  • Such external factors as taking certain medications, radiation damage, climate change, excessive sunlight exposure, or excessive use of a tanning bed.
  • Poorly chosen oral contraceptives or their long-term use contributes to the weakening of ovarian function (see the negative effects of taking oral contraceptives in the article on contraceptive pills)
  • Obesity, diabetes, diseases of the adrenal glands and thyroid gland can cause ovarian dysfunction.

Female Genital Tuberculosis

Less commonly, scanty periods can be caused by female genital tuberculosis.

This diagnosis is established and diagnosed in ordinary polyclinics and hospitals very rarely, since this is done only in tuberculosis dispensaries, which today for some reason do not have enough qualified TB doctors - gynecologists and there is no one to diagnose.

Therefore, such a formidable, serious disease, which can suffer from both girls from early childhood and mature women, is not diagnosable. For genital tuberculosis, there are no exact, 100% diagnostic methods, it is extremely difficult to diagnose the disease, and the symptoms may either be absent or be mild, this is the cunning of mycobacterium tuberculosis.

If the female genital mutilation develops in a girl at an early age, she may not develop mammary glands (hypomastia), there may be abnormalities in the development of the uterus or obstruction of the fallopian tubes, there may be amenorrhea - a complete absence of menstruation, as well as scant menstrual periods and irregular menstrual cycle . In the future, such a woman is established persistent primary infertility. Moreover, radiography of the lungs in such cases is usually normal.

Sometimes, especially after childbirth or surgical interventions, a woman may develop acute transient genital tuberculosis, with a high fever and a severe course.

There may also be sluggish genital tuberculosis, with periods of remission and exacerbations, when a woman has been ill for years and does not know what is the true cause of ailments and infertility, and there may be general symptoms that are no different from signs of inflammatory processes of the uterine appendages:

  • periodic (in phase 2) or constant low-grade temperature
  • weakness, excessive sweating
  • the appearance of various allergic reactions
  • psycho-emotional disorders - increased nervousness, decreased concentration, hysteria
  • reduced appetite
  • chronic salpingitis, salpingo-oophoritis, poorly amenable to therapy
  • menstrual irregularities, absence or brown discharge instead of menstruation, rare menstruation
  • infertility (see the causes and treatment of infertility in women)

Any inflammatory diseases of the uterus and uterine appendages may be accompanied by hypomenorrhea. In addition to the inflammatory processes on the nature of menstruation are influenced by the following factors:

  • Scars on the uterus after various gynecological operations - removal of fibroids, partial removal of the uterus, cesarean section, and the presence of adhesions - reduces the area of ​​the endometrium, which determines the amount of blood secretion during menstruation.
  • The inferiority of the endometrium can also be caused by various diagnostic intrauterine manipulations, frequent medical abortions.
  • Endometriosis, uterine fibroids, tumors of the uterus or ovaries, cervical cancer, as well as cancer treatment - radiation and chemotherapy can also affect the nature of menstruation.
  • The use of hormonal contraceptives can also lead to progressive atrophy of the endometrium.

Genetic features

Minor blood loss during menstruation in some women may be a genetic feature. If the mother, aunt, grandmother, sisters always have a small amount of discharge during menstruation, then this can be considered normal. Most often in such cases, poor monthly periods do not affect pregnancy and the likelihood of infertility.

Hormonal causes

Not only hormonal contraceptives, lack of female sex hormones can be the cause of menstrual dysfunction, but other hormonal disorders can affect the female body as a whole. Hypomenorrhea, lack of ovulation can occur due to the following hormonal disorders or changes:

  • Endocrine diseases when, for example, the level of thyroid hormones decreases
  • Diabetes
  • Breastfeeding when prolactin levels rise

Emotional reasons

Psychological factors have a huge impact on the state of the whole organism, the immune system, hormonal levels. As negative emotions, stress, strong experiences, and too violent positive emotions affect the centers of the brain, which have a stimulating effect on the ovaries.

The ovaries are designed to produce hormones - estrogen and progesterone, which are responsible for the growth of the endometrium. Under severe stress, excessive excitement, the functions of these centers in the brain can be suppressed, respectively, suppression and stimulation of the ovaries occurs.

The reduction or lack of production of estrogen leads to scanty periods.

Why there is no menstruation with an ovarian cyst - the effect of a cyst on menstruation

Every woman in her life faced with menstrual disorders. Why is there a delay in menstruation with an ovarian cyst? Is there a relationship? The first thing that comes to mind is pregnancy. After conducting the test, and receiving a negative result, the ladies act in 2 ways. The first calm down and wait for the onset of menstruation. The latter go to the gynecologist to find out the reason for the delay, which, undoubtedly, is the right decision.

Ovarian cyst can appear at any age from the onset of puberty. Sometimes the only sign of a cyst on the ovary is a delayed menstruation. Symptoms are similar with pregnancy. To exclude it, a test is performed. More severe forms of the cyst are accompanied by pain, discomfort, deterioration of health. Ovarian cyst prevents pregnancy, violates the menstrual cycle. Often, the delay in menstruation occurs due to the formation of a follicular, luteal cyst.

Types of neoplasms affecting menstruation

Follicular cyst - a neoplasm that arises from a follicle that does not burst in a timely manner. A common cause of delayed menstruation in women of any age. The egg cell does not come out, is in the shell, accumulates fluid. As a result of hormonal failure, there is a delay in menstruation. Menstruation may begin after 5-25 days. Symptoms of cysts are as follows:

  • There is heavy bleeding with pain in the ovaries.
  • Duration violated. Menstruation lasts up to 7 weeks or more.

    After a while, the cyst disappears on its own. In most cases, the woman does not know at all about her existence. If a cyst on the ovary continues to grow, hormone therapy is required. With such a diagnosis, pregnancy is not able to occur.

    Luteal cyst - education on the background of a degraded corpus luteum. It begins after the release of the egg from the follicle. The neoplasm produces an increase in the hormone progestogen, which prevents the appearance of menstruation. In addition to the delay in menstrual symptoms of luteal cyst are:

  • breast tenderness
  • nausea,
  • lower abdominal pain,

    all signs of false pregnancy.

    A small cyst of this type disappears on its own after several menstruations. All this time a woman can be bothered:

    When a cyst ruptures, severe pain is observed in the ovaries, bleeding, and general malaise. To find out the cause of delayed menstruation, you should initially conduct a pregnancy test. The test result is negative - should be sent to the gynecologist at the reception.

    The effect of cysts on menstruation

    The presence of follicular, luteal cysts affect menstruation in the most direct way. Remaining in the shell of the egg provokes an increase in hormone levels, which prevent the onset of menstruation. Move monthly for an indefinite period of up to 30 days. Cystic tumors do not allow ovulation to occur, which leads to a violation of the cycle. Pregnancy does not occur because of an underdeveloped egg. A small ovarian cyst disappears after menstruation. However, under the influence of hormones may increase in size. If cystic tumors grow to 5 cm, these symptoms appear:

  • copious discharge during the entire period of menstruation,
  • menstruation lasts more than 7 days,
  • pain that is different from the usual monthly,

    there may be scant menstruation associated with an imbalance of progesterone hormones. estrogen. Supplemented with bloated secretions throughout the cycle.

    As a rule, a woman feels a aching or cramping pain in the area where the cyst is located. Feelings intensify during intercourse. Twisting the legs of an ovarian cyst leads to a special increase in symptoms.

    A sharp turn, weight lifting, passionate sex can cause her to break, bleed. Due to the delayed menstruation, it is difficult to calculate the moment of ovulation. Pregnancy does not occur either in the case of pathology in the first phase of the cycle, or in the second. When there are no conditions for successful attachment of a fertilized egg to the walls of the uterus. Before a delay in any case, it is necessary to conduct a pregnancy test.

    Regulation cycle with delayed menstruation

    Cystic tumors appear due to malfunctioning of the ovaries. Hormonal imbalance leads to abnormalities, pathological processes in the reproductive system. What is the cause of delayed menstruation. To get rid of follicular and luteal cysts, the treatment is carried out with hormonal preparations. It is very important that therapy be prescribed by specialists. Since the wrong dosage of hormones can worsen the situation, increase the symptoms. Most commonly prescribed:

    As well as a vitamin complex containing a large amount of vitamin C, E. Cystic tumors resolve gradually. Monthly can occur in the process of taking medications. Тогда повторно сдают анализы на гормоны, проходят обследование. Врач вносит корректировку в лечение. Менструальный цикл восстанавливается в течение 3 месяцев. Беременность может наступить после полноценного цикла с овуляцией.The symptom of neoplasm on the ovaries manifests itself as PMS. If the situation repeats, the delay is present for 3 cycles in a row, the pregnancy test gives a negative result, there is cause for concern.

  • You are worried about sudden abdominal pain.
  • You have insufficient endometrium to get pregnant.
  • Highlight brown, green or yellow.

    There is an effective treatment for endometriosis, cysts, fibroids, unstable menstrual cycle and other gynecological diseases.. Follow the link and find out what the chief gynecologist of Russia recommends.


    Such education as a cyst is observed at any age. In addition to unpleasant sensations, threats to health, it can prevent the development of pregnancy. As a rule, the only sure sign on which you can think about the presence of the disease - it is changed monthly.

    What is an ovarian cyst

    For many girls, the actual question is what kind of discharge in an ovarian cyst is considered normal and what causes the disease. Every month an egg cell is born in one of the ovaries of healthy women, which then lies in the follicle (20 mm in size) filled with fluid. By the 15th day of the menstrual cycle, it bursts, while releasing the egg cell, which passes into the fallopian tube for fertilization. Sometimes the follicle does not rupture and accumulates fluid inside it, while increasing in size - this is an ovarian cyst.

    Symptoms and signs of ovarian cyst

    As a rule, the tumor does not cause inconvenience to the woman. It can disappear in several cycles. This is called primary symptoms. Detect the disease in this case can only be examined by a gynecologist. Secondary symptoms of an ovarian cyst appear as a result of physical exertion, then the bag with fluid can twist and cause pain. In addition, severe bleeding may occur with an ovarian cyst, accompanied by pain in the vagina. Sometimes the following symptoms indicate the appearance of the disease:

  • pressure, heaviness in the pelvic region,
  • irregular monthly cycle
  • prolonged pain during menstruation,
  • brown discharge may occur with an ovarian cyst.

    At the same time, there are certain signs of ovarian cysts, which, along with the symptoms, indicate that you need to see a doctor:

    dizziness and weakness

  • temperature more than 38 degrees
  • heavy discharge during menstruation,
  • voice hardening
  • strong thirst and plentiful urination,
  • increased hair growth on the face,
  • quick weight loss
  • compaction in the abdominal cavity.

    What are the monthly with ovarian cyst

    Many women note that the disease appendages are unpleasant sensations and bloating, while the nature of menstruation varies greatly. If the discharge is irregular with an ovarian cyst, and come later, it signals the progress of the disease. In addition, a popular symptom is a delay in an ovarian cyst caused by the impossibility of ovulation. This process can last from a week to a month.

    In follicular neoplasm of the corpus luteum, the features of the monthly can be:

    With endometrial formation, the features of menstruation can be:

  • spotting that appears a week before critical days,
  • increase in the duration of menstruation,
  • increase in basal temperature
  • increased pain,
  • not passing pain after menstruation, which becomes sharper after intercourse.

    How does an ovarian cyst come out during menstruation

    As a rule, almost any pathological formation requires a long treatment, which can be delayed for several months. After a thorough examination, the attending physician develops a treatment regimen that usually contains hormonal or anti-inflammatory drugs. Medicines block the work of the ovaries, thereby stopping the formation of new formations.

    If the disease is detected at the initial stage, then with the right treatment it will disappear after the third menstruation. Often you can see bloody clots coming out with normal secretions - these are the elements of the neoplasm. If the cyst is not treatable with drugs and continues to grow, then it must be operated. Laparoscopy is usually done during menstruation. Formation of the corpus luteum is punctured and fluid is further drawn out Then the shell should come out naturally. The remaining cysts are extracted piece by piece.

    What kind of discharge after laparoscopy is considered normal

    Treatment of tumors begins 2 months after its detection, and only when there is a tendency to increase in size. For surgical treatment using laparoscopy. This gentle method leaves only a few small cuts on the body that will not be visible during healing. After laparoscopy, menstruation should begin on schedule, although the cycle may be slightly shifted - this phenomenon is within the normal range. After surgery, there may be discharge of mucus from the blood, which is considered a normal physiological phenomenon. The reason for alarm may be the selection:

    Ovarian cyst discharge

    Ovarian cyst can occur in absolutely all women in all age categories. In addition to the appearance of various unpleasant sensations, this pathology can threaten women's health and adversely affect conception, that is, there is an obstruction of pregnancy. One of the most common clinical manifestations of pathology is a change in menstruation, that is, the nature of the discharge during an ovarian cyst changes.

    What it is?

    A lot of girls wonder what kind of discharge in an ovarian cyst should be, as well as what may be provoking factors of the disease. Every month in the ovaries (usually in turn) of a healthy woman, an egg is born, which in turn is then placed in a cavity filled with fluid. This cavity is nothing more than a follicle, the diameter of which can reach two centimeters.

    On the 15th day of the cycle, the follicle bursts, thus the egg cell is released and enters the fallopian tube, where it will have to be fertilized. In some cases, the follicle is not destroyed, and it begins to accumulate fluid. Its dimensions gradually increase. This formation is an ovarian cyst.

    At its core, it is a cystic neoplasm, but it does not belong to oncological processes, since other mechanisms are at the basis of cyst formation: pathology of growth and development of the follicle, disturbances in the corpus luteum, or inflammatory processes of the ovarian appendages. There is fluid in the cyst, and she herself can cause a woman some discomfort that depends on various factors - size, appearance, and others.

    There are several types of cystic formations that are treated differently:

  • Endometrial. Its main feature is the presence of vesicles with streaks of blood, which are located on the endometrium of the uterus,
  • Follicular or corpus luteum. It can appear on any ovary, its size ranges from 3 to 8 cm. Usually this formation disappears without any help after a few weeks,
  • Mucinous It is a multi-chamber bubble. Such a cyst can grow into a sufficiently large formation, and after a while it can also become malignant, that is, become an oncological process of the ovary,
  • Hemorrhagic. This cyst contains blood inside, usually it develops from a normal follicular cyst,
  • Dermoid. It is a benign neoplasm, on average, its size is 10-15 cm, and inside it contains organic tissue and their elements.

    Clinical picture

    Usually, an ovarian cyst does not cause any discomfort to a woman, and they do not even always know that they have such a problem. Quite often, cysts can disappear in several menstrual cycles. Primary symptoms imply that the presence of pathology is found only at the reception at the gynecologist, since it does not manifest itself in any way.

    Secondary symptoms of the pathological process can occur after various kinds of stress, under which torsion or squeezing of the cyst stem occurs, which causes the development of pain. In addition, sometimes there are pronounced blood loss, which is characterized by the irradiation of pain in the vaginal region. Also, among the symptoms of the disease, the following should be noted:

  • Violation of the regularity of the menstrual cycle,
  • Pronounced and prolonged pain during menstruation,
  • Feelings of gravity and pressure in the pelvic region,
  • The appearance of brown secretions,
  • Delayed monthly.

    There are clinical manifestations of pathology, which, in addition to the above symptoms, indicate that it is urgently necessary to seek the help of a specialist:

  • The appearance of severe dizziness and severe general weakness,
  • Hyperthermia 38C and higher
  • Abundant monthly
  • Polyuria, which leads to excessive thirst,
  • The voice may get rougher
  • The appearance of body hair on the male face,
  • The presence of a seal in the abdomen, which can be felt independently,
  • Weight loss.

    What may be the selection

    Most women say that when a pathology appears in the appendages of the ovaries, unpleasant sensations often occur, accompanied by bloating, and the nature of menstruation undergoes significant changes. With irregular menstruation, as well as when there are delays, in the case of an ovarian cyst, we can safely say that the disease is progressing.

    It should also be noted that the delay in menstruation is a fairly frequent symptom, which is caused due to the impossibility of ovulation. The delay can reach a whole month, but usually it lasts about one week.

    When follicular cyst of the corpus luteum among the features of menstruation should be noted:

    • Great pain in the lower abdomen and in the sacrum. Quite often, this symptom is accompanied by excessive formation and, as a consequence, the discharge of gases,
    • Increasing the duration of menstruation, which can last more than a week
    • The increase in the volume of menstruation, which goes very intensively throughout absolutely all their period,
    • In some cases, there are scanty secretions that are closely related to hormonal imbalance due to a decrease in the blood concentration of the female sex hormones - progesterone and estrogen.

    Endometrial cyst has the following features of the flow of menstruation:

  • A week before the onset of menstruation, a hemorrhagic discharge occurs,
  • The menstruation itself lasts longer than usual
  • Basal temperature rises slightly
  • Pain during menstruation is greatly enhanced,
  • After the end of menstruation, pain may persist and increase after sexual intercourse.

    Pathology treatment

    Often the presence of pathological tumors implies a long process of treatment, which can last even several months. It is necessary to undergo a full examination by a gynecologist, after which the appropriate treatment regimen will be prescribed by the attending physician. Usually it involves the use of hormonal and anti-inflammatory drugs and is aimed at blocking the work of the ovaries. This allows you to slow down the development of formations and to prevent the formation of new cysts.

    If the pathology was detected at its earliest stages of development, then adequate therapy allows to get rid of it for about three cycles. Quite often there are blood clots in the normal discharge of menstruation, which in essence are elements of cysts. If conservative therapy does not give positive results of treatment, and the growth of tumors continues, prompt treatment is necessary. Often it consists of a laparoscopic intervention, which is performed during menstruation. During it, the puncture of the corpus luteum is made, and through the resulting opening, fluid is sucked away. After that, the cyst envelope should come out naturally. The remaining neoplasms are usually removed in parts.

    Discharge after laparoscopic surgery

    The treatment protocol for cystic neoplasms involves the start of treatment 2 months after its detection. It is prescribed in the case when there is a pronounced tendency for cyst to grow. Surgical treatment is performed by means of laparoscopic surgery - a rather gentle method, in which a large incision of the abdomen is not performed, but several small incisions are made, which can not even be noticed afterwards. After the intervention, menstruation should occur according to the usual schedule for the woman, however, minor changes are permissible. Sometimes there are mucous or hemorrhagic discharge (with blood), which is a variant of the norm. Should worry if there are such allocation:

  • Having an unpleasant smell
  • Changed their color to white - probably developed thrush,
  • Changed their color to yellow, green or brown. In this case, we can talk about the presence in the body of an infectious process.

    It should be noted that the presence of various disorders of the menstrual cycle is a reason for visiting the doctor, because in addition to cystic processes, such symptoms can talk about various problems in the female body. Ovarian cysts, in turn, in the absence of observation and treatment can lead to all sorts of complications, among which one of the first places is infertility. That is why you should not delay the visit to the gynecologist.

    Causes of menses with scanty discharge

    Basically, the development of scanty menstrual discharge in women of childbearing age is a consequence of a significant disruption of the functioning of the ovaries or pituitary, which, through direct connections, control the cyclical nature of the menstrual function. Also, the cause of hypomenorrhea can be the inferiority of the endometrium, which occurs as a result of various intrauterine manipulations (frequent abortions and curettage) or systemic inflammatory diseases (tuberculosis). Due to the violation of a certain frequency of hormonal substances, there is a lack of functioning of the circulatory system in the uterus, as well as inadequate changes occur in the inner layer of the uterus during menstrual flow. Thus, poor menstruation may occur.

    The main reasons as a result of which hypomenorrhea is triggered:

    • significant weight loss on the background of a special diet, exhaustion or anorexia,
    • anemic syndrome, insufficient intake of basic vitamins and minerals in the body, metabolic disorders,
    • psycho-emotional overload, nervous system lability,
    • surgical interventions in the urogenital tract, mechanical trauma of this area,
    • , abnormalities of the female genital organs,
    • mismatched hormone-based contraceptives,
    • lactation period
    • diseases of the endocrine organs,
    • infectious pathology, including genital tuberculosis,
    • the influence of negative occupational factors (ionizing radiation, chemicals),
    • general intoxication.

    Clinical manifestations of scanty menses

    In case of hypomenorrhea during menstruation, blood may be released in the form of droplets or slight dark or light brown discharge. The duration of critical days during such menstrual irregularities may persist or be significantly shortened in the presence of a normal menstrual cycle, which consists of two phases. Poor menstruation, as well as delayed menstruation, may be accompanied by the presence of migraine, nausea, back pain, a feeling of constriction in the chest, constipation, or other various dyspeptic disorders (gastrointestinal disturbance). During menstrual days, women may not feel pain, as there is no spastic contraction of the uterus. Nasal bleeding may also occur, which can accompany menstruation on a monthly basis. Poor menstrual flow is accompanied by a significant decrease in the production of estrogen, which adversely affects the reproductive function and significantly reduces libido.

    Sometimes, hypomenorrhea is imperceptible to a woman, as she does not mark pain sensations. Scanty periods during puberty (the establishment of the menstrual cycle) or in the premenopausal period (cessation of menstrual function) are evidence of functional changes that are natural to the body. At the same time, this condition is not pathological. While in the period of reproductive activity of a woman, hypomenorrhea and other signs of hypomenstrual syndrome indicate serious disorders in the sexual or other system of the body. To clarify the reasons for the development of scanty periods, it is necessary to conduct a thorough and thorough comprehensive study.

    Early meager monthly

    Scanty periods can occur in such situations:

    • during the establishment of cyclical menstruation. В данной ситуации гипоменорея является нормальным физиологическим состоянием, в результате чего не наблюдается развитие осложнений.At the same time, this condition is accompanied by various clinical symptoms of varying severity, such as pain in the abdomen, chest, and sacral area. In such situations, there is bloody yellow or brown color, which is not typical for normal menstrual flow. After some time, this state passes and the monthly are restored,
    • in the period of gestation. During pregnancy, this pathological condition arises due to dysfunction of the pituitary or ovaries. It is necessary to use hormonal treatment to correct this condition. In this period, there is a pronounced clinical symptoms (pain, dyspeptic and intoxication syndrome).

    The first scanty periods are characteristic of the following periods of a woman’s life:

    • in adolescence, when menstrual function is established,
    • in childbearing,
    • in the premenopausal period.

    The following factors play a major role in the development of hypomenorrhea:

    • hormonal disbalance,
    • changes that have arisen due to inflammatory processes,
    • various traumatic injuries
    • stressful conditions
    • anemic syndrome, etc.

    Long meager monthly

    When menstrual dysfunction is manifested in women in the form of prolonged scanty menstrual flow, they indicate the formation of serious pathological processes in the genitals (most often in the uterus) or hormonal control of the menstrual cycle. Most often this is observed with such pathological processes in the body:

    • endometriosis,
    • insufficient amount of vitamins in the body,
    • dysfunction of the endocrine organs,
    • violation of metabolic processes.

    In such situations, you need to urgently seek help from the appropriate specialist, since these disorders can lead to amenorrhea and infertility.

    Scanty menstrual flow after childbirth

    Very often, hypomenorrhea is observed after childbirth. In this case, this condition is considered physiological, since the woman's body has not adapted to the changes that occurred in the regulation of the menstrual cycle. This happens because the level of all hormones for a long time focuses on the child and the mother. The level of hormones is restored independently in a month. But in the case of longer violations, we can talk about possible complications of childbirth against the background of infectious and inflammatory processes in the body. It also occurs due to hypofunction of the pituitary gland, stressful experiences during childbirth and lactation.

    Scanty monthly after gynecological manipulations

    After gynecological manipulations, such as abortion or medical diagnostic curettage, signs of hypomenorrhea can be observed. In the case when this condition is accompanied by discharge, having an unpleasant smell and dark color, worsened general condition of the woman, increase in general body temperature, pain in the lower abdomen, you should immediately contact a gynecologist.

    Brown discharge with scanty monthly

    This clinical sign with hypomenorrhea is very common. It indicates dysfunction in the work of the genitals. The most common cause of this symptom is endometritis in the chronic stage. It is also observed in various intrauterine interventions, postpartum or post-abortion endometritis and other infectious diseases. These secretions are accompanied by an unpleasant smell and pain in the lower abdomen of a nagging nature. When taking medications containing hormonal substances, there are brown discharge after menstruation.

    Scanty periods during pregnancy

    One of the options for the normal course of pregnancy may be the presence of scarce bleeding in the first month. This is explained by the fact that after fertilization the fertilized egg cannot reach the implantation site in such a short period of time, as a result of which the hormonal background does not adequately respond. But from the second month of pregnancy, all hormones are functioning correctly and menstruation should not occur. The bloody discharge during the first month of pregnancy is not menstruation. However, they are not as abundant as the usual menstrual flow. There are only a few reasons for the appearance of such a pathological condition:

    • detachment of the ovum,
    • spontaneous miscarriage
    • insufficient production of the hormone progesterone or excessive production of male sex hormones,
    • fetal heart disease,
    • ectopic pregnancy.

    Diagnostic criteria for poor monthly

    To determine the causes that caused the development of scanty periods, as well as to assess the degree of potential danger to the body, a woman needs to go through.

    Mandatory clinical examination of patients with hypomenorrhea:

    • careful collection of anamnestic data, complaints,
    • full gynecological examination in the mirrors,
    • cytological analyzes of vaginal secretions,
    • bacteriological seeding on discharge from the genital tract,
    • PCR diagnosis of infections that are transmitted through sexual contact,
    • determination of the level of sex hormones in the urine and vascular bed,
    • basal temperature indicators are evaluated,
    • ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs,
    • endometrial target biopsy.

    When not to worry?

    Scanty periods, which can be caused by a number of factors, are called hypomenorrhea. Violation does not in all cases speak of problems. In the period of growing up, many girls were convinced of the instability of the menstrual cycle. During the year after the first menstruation, the girl can sometimes have very scanty periods. Why not worry in such situations? While the final cycle formation takes place, the body can behave unpredictably. Abundant periods can be replaced by scanty ones, and their delay for 2-3 days should not bother at all.

    Another situation in which one should not frighten oneself the pathological reason for the appearance of scanty discharge is menopause. In anticipation of menopause, the reproductive function of the female body dies away. This leads to significant changes, including the emergence of unbalanced secretions.

    The norm for the period of menstruation is the volume of liquid released in the region of 30-50 ml. This time lasts about 5-7 days. Hypomenorrhea is called menstrual dysfunction, in which menstruation has a normal duration, and the volume of blood and mucus is reduced to a figure of 25 ml and below. If the monthly go 1-2 days and their volume is lower than usual, then this indicates the occurrence of oligomenorrhea. In such a situation, it is still more serious and you need to see a doctor more quickly.

    Symptoms of poor discharge

    Hypomenorrhea is seen in women by the presence of traces of scanty discharge in underwear. Red or brown spots can be a harbinger of menstrual irregularities. Scanty periods are often manifested along with pain. The nature of these secretions specific: become darker shades and clots appear. Some women have noticed that when scant discharge occurs, there is pain in the mammary glands.

    The girl may not even understand that her period has come, when instead of the expected volume of discharge she sees only a few drops of brown liquid with clots. What leads to this situation?

    The cause of poor monthly can be a cold. For its reason, the normal functioning of the circulatory system is often disrupted. Any inflammatory process can provoke the appearance of scanty discharge instead of the usual volume.

    A common cause of the development of girls hypomenorrhea is an infection resulting from sexual intercourse. When scanty periods are not observed for the first time, it is important not to delay a visit to a specialist.

    If monthly periods have become scarce, then the following factors may be the cause:

    1. Dramatic weight loss . Many girls dream of an ideal figure fall into such a trap. The fight against cellulite obliges some to sit on very strict diets. As a result, there is a sharp loss of weight, and the woman observes a rare, insignificant discharge during menstruation, instead of full bleeding. "Bonus" of a strict diet can be a delay of menstruation for 2 days or more.
    2. Anemia and metabolic problems . The lack of necessary elements for the proper functioning of the body and their excess can lead to problems with menstruation. Hypovitaminosis can cause scanty periods and make the woman worry about it.
    3. Stress . The negative emotional state observed day after day can cause hypomenorrhea. The nervous system is responsible for the normal functioning of the reproductive system. She is responsible for regular periods. This means that disturbances in the nervous system can cause problems, as a result of which a woman can experience scanty menstrual browns.
    4. The presence of injuries and defects of internal organs. Some defects of the genitourinary system can provoke scanty bleeding. For example, a narrowing of the cervix does not allow blood to flow out. Mechanical defects that cause scanty periods can be congenital, and sometimes appear as a result of surgical operations.
    5. Endocrine diseases. An imbalance of hormones in a woman’s body leads to various disorders. These include hypomenorrhea.

    The above are the most common causes of poor monthly. To combat them requires the full support of specialists.

    How to diagnose the cause?

    To cure any disease, it is important to recognize it at an early stage. Due to the rapid response to the first symptoms of the disease, it is possible to avoid unwanted complications and facilitate the treatment process. The same is true of the appearance of menses, scanty or irregular. To ensure that such disturbances in the body do not lead to trouble, it is important to consult a doctor as soon as possible. This should be done immediately, as weak periods were observed.

    The primary task of the doctor will be to identify the causes of scanty periods. To determine the full picture, the specialist will need data based on:

    • patient history
    • laboratory test results
    • basal temperature indicators
    • hormone test results,
    • ultrasound scan of the reproductive system.

    Data obtained by a qualified specialist based on these and other types of diagnostics will allow him to make an accurate diagnosis. Now you will know why the once abundant periods have become so scarce.

    Hypomenorrhea Treatment

    Treatment of scanty periods begins with the stage of diagnosing the reasons for which there was a weak bleeding, and sometimes a delay of 2-3 days. The process of recovery of the body depends on the diagnosis. If the delay and poor discharge are caused by a disease of the genitourinary system, then all efforts will be directed at eliminating this "malfunction." By getting rid of the disease, you will notice how the menstrual cycle is improving day by day, and scanty periods are becoming a thing of the past.

    Insufficiently abundant periods are treated in many cases by prescribing homeopathic remedies. The effectiveness of this approach is that the effect of these drugs is similar to the work of the body's natural hormones. There are cases when a doctor on the basis of diagnostic results prescribed antimicrobial agents to a woman. Whatever the treatment prescribed by a qualified specialist, it is important to follow him exactly, in order not to hear about scanty periods anymore.

    Treatment of folk remedies

    A visit to the doctor, when there was a delay in menstruation and they were not as abundant as before, is simply necessary. In parallel with the main treatment, you can use some tips that have already helped many women. Reviews show that some tools allow you to eliminate the causes of not too heavy periods. Consider some of them.

    1. Calendula Tea . Excellent help to cope with scanty monthly treatment at home - the use of special tea during the day. For its preparation, you need to pour boiling water over the calendula and leave to brew for 8-10 hours.
    2. Maternal treatment . It can be treated with this herb, using it at the base of the infusion and using it in a ground form. In the second case, the motherboard is combined with meat or vegetable dishes, as well as added to the sauces.

    Before using one or another recipe of traditional medicine, it is important to consult a doctor. It was noted that specialists themselves can suggest an effective folk remedy to help the main treatment.

    Low bleeding: other causes

    Not only the delay of menstruation can talk about the onset of pregnancy. When menstruation is short and not so abundant, it can also be a sign of the birth of a new life.

    It is important not to delay the day before the visit to the gynecologist, if there were spotting and the test strip shows a positive result. With scanty monthly pregnancy may be at risk.

    The use of inorganic hormonal drugs may affect your periods. Analogous proestrogens can cause rare and non-abundant periods in women who take them.

    Any surgical intervention in the genital area of ​​a woman can entail scanty periods. The reaction of the body is quite understandable: because of the interference with the work of the body, the natural hormones are disturbed, which may cause an unexpected delay and other problems.

    Many women often encounter such a situation as scanty menstrual browns, almost always associated with the onset of illness. Often the change in the properties of menstruation gives rise to excitement.

    Causes of Hypomenorrhea

    Hypomenorrhea occurs due to natural (physiological) causes. Scanty periods during breastfeeding after childbirth are considered a physiological condition and do not require treatment. Hypomenorrhea, not associated with pathology, may occur after an abortion or miscarriage.

    Pathological conditions causing hypomenorrhea:

    • postpartum and other infections
    • rapid and significant weight loss
    • against the background of various stresses and mental illnesses
    • endocrine diseases, hormonal disorders,
    • taking contraceptives or other hormones
    • defeat of the reproductive system infections,
    • tumors of the genitourinary system
    • exposure to toxic substances
    • alcoholism and drug addiction
    • sexually transmitted diseases.

    Scanty periods are not an independent disease, but one of the symptoms of hormonal or other disorders.

    Manifestations of hypomenorrhea

    If before that menstruation was a woman's regular, there is a paucity of discharge. They leave smear marks, single drops or blood stains, become light or dark brown, painful periods appear.

    Along with this, the duration of menstruation may also change (usually decreases). The general well-being of a woman is worsening: headache, general weakness, nausea, back pain, chest discomfort, constipation, lower abdominal pain.

    In case of violation of the secretion of estrogen hormones, a woman may decrease sexual desire. And also one of the phenomena of hypomenorrhea are nasal bleeding.

    Drug treatment

    The principle of treatment of hypomenorrhea - search for the cause that caused it. It is unacceptable to take on self-medication, because it often leads only to aggravation and joining of complications. Any failure of the monthly cycle requires a serious approach of a qualified specialist.

    If this pathology appeared after a change in weight, then you need to normalize nutrition, choose the right diet, increase physical activity. With scanty periods, due to various infectious diseases, treatment with antibacterial and antiviral drugs is prescribed, taking into account the sensitivity of microorganisms.

    If hypomenorrhea caused inflammation in the body, antihistamines are prescribed for treatment, sometimes steroids. Apply absorbable drugs. Hypomenorrhea is often a manifestation of hormonal disruptions in the body of a woman as a pathology of the ovaries and other endocrine glands. In this case, a course of special hormonal drugs.

    Recommended course of multivitamins, tonic agents that improve the immune system. Stress, as a factor of onset, must be treated with sedatives. Assign a counseling psychologist, psychotherapist.

    Physiotherapy hypomenorrhea

    An important role in the treatment of hypomenorrhea, as well as other pathologies of the menstrual cycle, is played by physiotherapy. Along with efficiency, it does not harm the female body and is used as an additional method of treatment.

    The following factors are used in physiotherapy treatment:

    1. Natural. Treatment with medicinal waters and mud, which contain a lot of useful substances. These factors have a stimulating and regenerating effect.
    2. Heat Stimulation of estrogen production, anti-inflammatory and resorbing effect with the help of paraffin therapy and ozoperitotherapy.
    3. Gynecological massage.The use of this method normalizes blood circulation in the pelvic organs, stretches the scars, adhesions and cords field of inflammatory processes, improves the functioning of the ovaries.
    4. Hardware treatment. Such types are applied: electrotherapy, magnetic therapy, ultrasound therapy, phototherapy.

    The effect of treatment is usually manifested through several procedures or courses of therapy. Physical therapy has an anti-inflammatory effect, reduces painful manifestations, normalizes metabolism and blood circulation in tissues.

    All these effects eliminate the pathological conditions that caused hypomenorrhea, and contribute to the normalization of the monthly cycle.

    Physiotherapy treatment is well combined with drug therapy, and also allows you to reduce the dosage of drugs, reduces recovery time and has a anti-relapse effect.

    Folk remedies

    Treatment of folk remedies does not lose its relevance now. It provides effective support for traditional therapy, practically has no contraindications and a small number of side effects.

    Nevertheless, it should be remembered that, despite the natural ingredients in such recipes, herbs can still cause undesirable effects, such as the appearance of allergic reactions. Therefore, these recipes should be used with caution, on the advice of a doctor.

    Folk remedies for scanty menstruation are used in the form of infusions, decoctions, fresh or dried herbs are added to food.

    Some common recipes include:

    1. Parsley seeds are crushed and weighed 1 gram. 4 teaspoons of honey are dissolved in half a glass of boiled water and all ingredients are mixed. This tool is recommended to take three times a day.
    2. Add parsley seeds (4 teaspoons) to 2 cups boiling water and put on low heat for 5 minutes. After that, you need to insist broth half an hour, allow to cool and strain. Add honey at the end. The tool is taken in half a glass 3 times a day.
    3. One of the proven herbs for violations of the monthly cycle is Calendula. It is brewed in a thermos overnight and instead of drinking tea up to three times a day.
    4. Mother - the name of this grass is eloquent. This herb is taken in the form of infusion. You can add the motherboard in shredded form in food: salads, meats, sauces.
    5. Hypericum and thorns are mixed in equal quantities. The resulting mixture is poured boiling water and insist 30 minutes. The resulting infusion to drink before going to bed 50-100 ml.

    Folk treatment cannot be used as a single method of treatment without the supervision of a physician. After the examination it is necessary to exclude serious diseases, then the use of home remedies is quite acceptable.


    Every woman needs to know how her menstrual cycle looks normal, and in case of any failures (for example, hypomenorrhea), it is necessary to consult a specialist. You can use both classic drugs, and a combination of them with traditional methods. It is only important to remember that only the doctor will select the correct course of treatment for the fastest recovery.

    We recommend related articles

    Scanty monthly or hypomenorrhea - one of the serious indicators of menstrual dysfunction. Hypomenorrhea is the release of a very small amount (up to a few drops) of blood mucus during menstruation, sometimes brown in color. With the exception of 2 periods in the life of a woman (in the first year when a cycle is formed in girls and during menopause), menstruation with bleeding less than 50 ml is considered a pathology. If the menstrual blood loss in a woman planning a pregnancy is below the physiological norm (50-150 ml) and the number of menstruation days is less than usual (menstruation should last 3-5 days), then treatment should be started immediately, especially if pregnancy does not occur for a long time. It should be remembered that the one-time appearance of scanty periods is the norm, and their regular repetition is evidence of serious problems in the body.

    In gynecology, primary and secondary hypomenorrhea are distinguished. In the first case, we are talking about girls who have not had a normal menstruation yet, in the second case - about women whose menses were normal, but for some reason have become scarce. The causes of primary and secondary hypomenstrual syndrome also differ.

    Causes of scanty discharge in women of childbearing age

    The reasons for the development of secondary hypomenstrual syndrome in women capable of reproduction are more diverse:

    • malfunctions in the functioning of the ovaries, pituitary, or thyroid gland,
    • excessive fullness or, conversely, thinness,
    • poor diet, when there is little iron in the body, vitamins,
    • inferiority, damage to the endometrium (lining mucous layer) of the uterus, which may be caused by surgery,
    • inflammations (eg, uterine tuberculosis),
    • the postpartum period (6-8 weeks), if the mother does not breastfeed the baby,
    • taking birth control pills or means to help keep the pregnancy.

    The cause of hypomenorrhea can be stress, anemia, depletion of the body, anorexia, acquired anomalies of the genitals, work with chemicals, radiation, climate change, genetic predisposition.

    Symptoms associated hypomenorrhea

    Scanty menstruation may be asymptomatic and have a normal duration, and may be accompanied by oligomenorrhea (reduction of the duration of menstruation) or precede the complete cessation of menstruation, or delayed regular menstruation. Also, a woman with poor brown menstrual flow often has various pains (back, chest, severe migraine), upset stool, nausea. There may even be nosebleeds. Sometimes women have painful cramping in the uterus. Frequent long-lasting weak brown discharge. Prolonged menstruation is fraught with sterility, a decrease in a woman’s sexual desire, a decrease in the amount of the hormone estrogen.

    Pregnancy is sometimes accompanied by very meager bloody discharge like menstruation. This is an alarming sign, indicating a premature detachment of the placenta, which is very dangerous for the fetus and can threaten miscarriage. A pregnant woman is then urgently hospitalized. If the hypomenorrhea has arisen after childbirth, in the period of lactation, then such a deviation from the norm is temporary and treatment in this case is not prescribed.

    Medical treatment of hypomenorrhea

    Treatment of scanty periods depends on the reasons that provoked them, so it is prescribed only after a thorough examination of the patient by the doctor and all tests. The doctor may prescribe a complex of vitamins or hormonal drugs. If your period has become very scarce due to infection, inflammation, the doctor may recommend various antimicrobial agents. Usually, a scanty brown discharge is just an indication of other diseases, and treatment should be directed specifically at these diseases. But besides that, a course of fortifying procedures will not be superfluous. So, in addition to drugs, such means and procedures can help to cure scanty periods;

    • acupressure - massage the tip of the big toe with circular movements,
    • aromatherapy - essential oils of juniper and marjoram contribute to the formation of female sex hormones, due to the lack of which the menses become scarce,
    • Color therapy - yellow improves blood circulation and strengthens the uterus and appendages,
    • hot foot baths for 7-8 days before the start (but not during) menstruation.

    The treatment of meager bloody brown secretions by folk remedies involves the use of various decoctions and mixtures. A decoction of carrot seeds or fresh aloe juice, pineapple 2 tbs. Can help. spoon thrice a day. A mixture of sesame seeds and unrefined palm sugar can also help (take the same dose). A couple of saffron pinches into a glass of milk is a tasty way to cure scanty periods, if their cause does not require more serious treatment. Also, in case of scarce menstruals, it is recommended to drink broth from the leaves of bone-trees, infusion at the root of the elecampane (boil a teaspoon of finely chopped root in a glass of water for 5 minutes and infuse for 4 hours), an infusion of tansy, calendula, golden whisker. It is better not to combine homeopathic remedies for scanty periods with the use of essential oils.


    The best treatment for scanty periods is the prevention of pathology. Frequently walk in the fresh air, do light exercises, but do not overstrain. Excessive muscle mass in women can lead to scanty periods. Avoid stressful situations, as they lead to hormonal disruptions. If you can not avoid emotional overloads - learn to relax. Eat right, do not abuse diets, eat fresh onions and garlic.

    Pathologically scanty menses: treatment of folk remedies

  • Signs and causes of scanty bleeding during menstruation
  • Diagnostic procedures for poor excretion
  • Therapy for scant bleeding
  • Prevent meager discharge

    In addition to the duration and cyclical nature of their periods should be monitored. Copious bleeding or scanty menstruation: treatment usually involves the elimination of conditions that cause hormonal failure.

    Hypomenorrhea - the scientific name of scanty monthly. It refers to violations of the menstruation cycle. Such a state is said when for the entire period of menstruation the volume of bleeding does not exceed 50 ml. Outwardly, these periods look like mucus of a dark brown or light scarlet shade in the form of “daubs” or droplets.

    Signs and causes of scanty bleeding during menstruation

    Usually with scanty periods there is no discomfort, rarely nausea, headache, pain in the lower back and lower abdomen can occur. Symptoms are determined by the cause that led to a decrease in the volume of bleeding.

    The causes of menstruation impairment affect age limits. Therefore, changes can hide both pathological and physiological etiology. In young girls during the first two years since the establishment of the menstrual cycle and in women in menopausal age (when the reproductive function gradually fades out) such changes are not considered deviations from the norm. But in women of reproductive age, they may indicate global health problems.

    At a young age, the cycle is established over a period of one to two years. And menstruation during this period may differ not only by scarcity, but also by rarity. For example, a lengthening of the cycle by 5-8 weeks is possible. Allocations can be observed for only a couple of days (oligomenorrhea). Even excessive periods are possible, occurring only 2-4 times per year. However, later these imperfections of the cycle should go away, and the monthly ones should stabilize. If this does not happen (the cycle remains irregular), it is said that there is a pathological menstrual function. In this connection, it is mandatory to consult a doctor.

    The scarcity of menstrual flow can be observed at the moment when the reproductive function of a woman fades away due to age-related changes in the body. This period begins before menopause (complete cessation of menstruation) and is not more than two years.

    Hypomenorrhea for physiological reasons in these moments of a woman’s life is not excluded. But it is not considered mandatory for each.

    Due to the pathology, scanty periods are distinguished by:

  • The primary condition noted in adolescence, when there was almost no typical menstruation.
  • A secondary condition in which impoverishment developed after a period of absolutely normal monthly periods.
  • Another reason for the impoverishment of menstrual flow is considered to be: the disruption of the functioning of the organs and systems responsible for the menstrual cycle at the level of the hormones - the ovaries and the pituitary gland. Failures in the natural constant production of hormones lead to imbalance of the uterus blood supply and changes in the endometrial cells (mucous membranes) during bleeding. Why menstruation and become scarce.

    However, specific causes are:

  • loss of weight control, both in terms of reducing the latter (due to diets, excessive physical activity, anorexia, etc.), and in terms of obesity and a set of additional kilograms,
  • disruptions in the body in terms of endocrinology,
  • anemia and vitamin deficiency,
  • frequent psychological discomfort,
  • HC and mental disorders,
  • impaired metabolism
  • intervention in the urogenital system (trauma and surgery),
  • abnormal structure of genital organs,
  • tuberculosis of the reproductive system
  • STI,
  • constant intoxication (the influence of hazardous substances on the body at work),
  • taking oral contraceptives
  • breastfeeding time.

    A clear sign of scanty periods is droplet-shaped or subtle discharge on underwear, and the color can range from dark to light brown. They say about scanty monthly periods when the regularity of the cycle has been preserved, but their duration has become shorter.

    Usually such secretions pass without any special changes in well-being. However, at times, cramping pain may occur due to contraction of the uterus. In addition, there may be headache, nausea, indigestion, chest pain. In rare situations, there is bleeding from the nose.

    The long course of such menstruation may trigger a decrease in sexual desire, the development of infertility. And this is due to the reduced production of the hormone estrogen. Elongation of menstrual bleeding in certain situations may be complicated by painful symptoms. Against this background, psychological and neurological changes are not excluded: a high level of emotionality, apathy or nervous irritability, depression. Noting the similar signs to visit the gynecologist does not make sense, because you need to quickly find out why scanty periods have become: treatment started in time helps to correct the unfavorable picture in the state of the female body.

    Back to table of contents

    Diagnostic procedures for poor excretion

    Any diagnosis is preceded by a consultation with a doctor. And in relation to this situation - an obstetrician-gynecologist. A special examination here will help identify the causes of the scarcity of the discharge, the degree of harm of this phenomenon to the health of the woman.

    The survey will consist of the following activities:

  • gynecological examination
  • cytological analysis of smears from the female genitals,
  • sowing tank,
  • PCR analysis for infection,
  • estimating the basal temperature index,
  • detection of sex hormones in analyzes,
  • Ultrasound of the uterus with appendages
  • biopsy (sampling for the study of parts of the endometrium).

    Therapy for scant bleeding

    Treatment of scanty periods will be completely determined by the results of the diagnostic examination. When this condition is due to poor nutrition, disruptions of psycho-emotional balance, physical activity, treatment will be designed to adjust such changes. For what vitamin complexes, drugs with hormones, antimicrobial agents are prescribed.

    With a scant monthly treatment, it involves combating a background disease and general health measures. Elimination of hypomenorrhea is well treated with homeopathy. Their influence is almost the same as the action of their own hormones. Psychotherapeutic and physiotherapeutic effects of hypomenorrhea are resorted to when the condition is complicated by depression, headache or frigidity. In this case, therapy is directed to the elimination of functional disorders. Lactation or premenopausal phases do not require the compulsory treatment of scanty bleeding.

    The use of folk recipes in the treatment of hypomenorrhea

    Folk remedies are permissible to apply with brownish scanty discharge and long periods only in conjunction with the main measures and after an extensive examination.

    Here are some popular methods of treating hypomenorrhea:

    1. Onion decoction helps in the absence of menstrual flow. He is drunk from morning to meal. 2 kg of onion brewed in 3 liters of water. Medicinal herbs - an excellent popular solution in the fight against hypomenorrhea.
    2. Broccoli recommended decoction of leaflets with insufficient monthly.
    3. Infusion of the rhizome of deviacilla is indicated for non-permanent menstruation with pain. Rhizome (1 tsp) pour boiling water (1 cup). After boiling for 15 minutes on low heat, insist for 4 hours. Take three times a day for a tablespoon.
    4. Infusion of flowers of tansy is recommended when the scarcity of secretions. 1 tablespoon of flowers pour 1 liter of boiling water, insist 2 hours. Drink twice a day on an empty stomach.