Blood secretions that appear in a girl during puberty are the physiological norm and indicate the end of the formation of organs of the reproductive system and the readiness of the body to continue the race. Such mucous secretion of brown with blood clots is called menstruation. This phenomenon is absolutely physiological and has a cleansing function. In the process of menstruation, unfertilized eggs formed during the process of ovulation are removed from the uterus.
Menstruation is present in the life of every mature woman who has no pathological abnormalities in the work of the genitals, until the onset of menopause. But what if the discharge with blood appears in the intermenstrual period? Is this phenomenon a physiological norm or is blood secretion a sign of pathology? Why can there be uncharacteristic leucorrhoea with blood clots? Let's see this together.
When the bleeding is attributed to the physiological norm
The bleeding from the vagina that appeared in the intermenstrual period does not always indicate the presence of pathological processes affecting the reproductive organs of the female body.
Experts say that the appearance of secretion interspersed with blood can be caused by physiological processes that do not pose a threat to health. The cause of the nodule in the middle of the menstrual cycle, which is not a problem, may be the phenomena listed below.
The first periods appear in a girl aged 11–16 years and indicate sexual maturity of the fair sex. But the "coming" of menarche is not a guarantee of establishing a clear calendar cyclical nature of the menstrual cycle. Gynecologists claim that it may take up to 6 months for the body to establish a clear periodization.
The presence of scant mucous daub of not saturated blood shade during this time period is the age norm. But the duration of bleeding throughout the year - a serious reason for contacting a specialist. This phenomenon may indicate pathological processes taking place in the genital organs.
Smearing spotting appearing in the middle of the menstrual cycle may indicate the onset of ovulation. This phenomenon is associated with injury to the blood vessels in the process of release of the egg from the follicle. It is necessary to pay attention to the accompanying symptoms that accompany the appearance of blood secretion during the period of ovulation.
Doctors argue that these secretions should be characterized:
- Scarcity and short duration. Daub caused by the movement of the egg, should not stand out more than 72 hours.
- Lack of pain. The secretion of mucous clots with bloody veins should not be accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen or pulling sensations in the lumbar region.
- Lack of unpleasant smell. Red or brown discharge a week or two before menstruation, caused by ovulation, have a faint, subtle iron smell. The presence of a strong, nauseous odor in the reject fluid may indicate an infectious disease that has affected the genitals.
- The absence of pronounced blood clots. Secretion during ovulation has a rich white color. Gynecologists also admit the presence of scarlet, pink and pale brown tint in daub at this stage of the cycle.
It is worth noting that the duration of rejection of uncharacteristic bloody mucus from the genital tract, exceeding 72 hours, may indicate the presence of uterine bleeding. When diagnosing a woman of this symptom, you should immediately contact a specialist!
The introduction of a new hormonal contraceptive can provoke the rejection of bleeding in the intermenstrual period.
Minor smearing secretion over 3 months should not cause concern to a woman. But prolonged blood serum on the background of the use of a new contraceptive is a sign of rejection by the body. In this case, you must immediately stop taking the drug and consult a gynecologist to select a different method of contraception or replacement of tablets.
Use of intrauterine device
Using this method of contraception is fraught with the appearance of a bloody daub, continuing for several days after the start of use of the helix.
The reasons for its occurrence include experts damage to the mucous surface during installation. It is important to remember that abundant long-term discharge with blood can indicate the need to change the method of contraception and require immediate treatment to a specialist!
Lack of lubricating fluid or too active sex can lead to the formation of microtraumas, leading to the appearance of discharge from the genitals with an admixture of blood clots. Weak bleeding caused by sexual intercourse should stop on its own for several days, provided that there is no repeated exposure.
“Cleansing”, abortions and other surgical effects on the reproductive system, a complete list of which can only be called a specialist, can lead to vaginal discharge accompanied by blood. The insignificant, smearing nature of the rejected secretion should not cause concern, but abundant, dark clots secreted in large quantities can mean menstrual bleeding. In this case, you should seek medical help as soon as possible!
Regardless of the mode of delivery, in the process of childbirth, the reproductive organs of women experience severe stress. This is reflected in the secretion, rejected later. Postpartum uterine secretions have a bright, saturated color and include not only bloody clots, but also the waste products of the baby, the remains of the placenta and parts of the dead endometrium leaving the uterus after delivery. Gynecologists claim that lochia can be considered normal, lasting no more than 8 weeks after childbirth and decreasing in volume from day to day. At the final stage of "cleansing" the uterine cavity, the discharge becomes pastel, gently yellow. Many women associate this secretion with egg white. Find out in the article on the link, what are the selection after cesarean.
Implantation is called scant spotting going instead of menstruation. This phenomenon is associated with the attachment of a fertilized egg to the wall of the uterus. In fact, it is possible to count on the beginning of pregnancy from implantation, but many women take bleeding for the start of menstruation and do not connect the abrupt end of menstruation with a delay.
Statistics show that every woman at least once noticed a small bloody daub after a visit to the gynecologist. This phenomenon does not indicate the presence of any pathologies in the functioning of the genital organs.
Mucus with a bloody admixture in small quantities indicates microtraumas obtained during the examination process. Most often, such a "complication" is fraught with the use of a gynecological mirror or removal of a smear.
Stinging brown discharge caused by injury, will no longer go by themselves after restoring the mucous membrane.
The use of postcoital contraceptive drugs, such as Postinor or Escapel, not only inhibits ovulation processes and interferes with egg implantation, but also makes adjustments to the hormonal background and the subsequent functioning of the reproductive system. Monthly after Eskapel or Postinor usually do not come according to plan.
Experts say that after using emergency contraception, there may be spotting instead of menstruation for several menstrual cycles.. This phenomenon is one of the side effects of the use of oral means of postcoital contraception.
Drugs that make up a course of hormonal therapy can cause bloody smear, rejected during the intermenstrual period. In this case, the appearance of uncharacteristic secretion is not pathological and does not require special treatment. Discharge will disappear some time after the termination of the use of hormonal drugs.
When intermenstrual blood on linen is a symptom of pathology
Not always the causes of bleeding in women during the intermenstrual period are rooted in the physiological processes and reactions that occur in the body. More often, specific secretion is a sign of pathological processes affecting the genitals.
Depending on the nature of secretion and the symptoms that aggravate the rejection of whites with blood streaks, experts identify several reasons for the selection of bloody mucus clots.
Dysfunction of the thyroid gland and adrenal glands, experts, rightly called one of the most common causes of rejection of bloody smear between menstruation. Many factors can provoke a deviation:
- eating disorder
- excessive exercise
- active pace of training in the gym during menopause,
- change of climatic zones.
Pathological processes in these organs can affect the level of production of estrogen - the main female hormone, which, in turn, is fraught with disruptions in the cyclical characteristics of the menstrual cycle. Such deviations have mild symptoms and are diagnosed by taking tests for hormones.
Gynecologists claim that an imbalance of hormonal levels is able to encourage calendar monthly “delay” for a week or two. Such a phenomenon is extremely dangerous and requires an immediate appeal to a specialist.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Infectious diseases transmitted from partner to partner, regardless of the type of pathogen, can provoke blood discharge from the vagina, rejected during the entire intermenstrual period.
Gynecologists claim that diseases of this etymology are accompanied not only by systematic brown secretion. The most common signs indicating a lesion of the genital organs with an infectious disease include:
- Painful sensations accompanying secretion rejection.
- Sharp pain spasm, "belt" covering the lower abdomen and lumbar.
- The appearance of scarlet to brown discharge with a nauseous odor that accompanies the excretory process.
- Itching in the crotch.
- Burning during urination.
- The presence of bloody purulent blotches. The early stage of infection is characterized by rejection of yellow mucous clots. Bright green lumpy discharge indicates a neglected inflammatory process.
- Pain during intercourse.
The appearance of bloody secretion, burdened by the above symptoms - a serious reason to see a specialist.
The treatment of any sexually transmitted diseases requires the patient to strictly follow the therapeutic course prescribed by doctors. In most cases, therapy is carried out in two stages. The first is aimed at exterminating the pathogen with antibiotics, the second ensures the maintenance of the effect and the rapid recovery of the body.
Small bleeding, systematically appearing after intercourse and during the intermenstrual period, can signal the presence of erosion on the surface of the cervix. This pathology is the formation of scars and ulcers on the upper layer of the endometrium. The name of the disease is based on the "location" of pathological deviations.
To diagnose the disease, in most cases, it is possible exclusively in the process of gynecological examination. Medical therapy is carried out using cauterization of the affected areas. Recovery after treatment is quite fast, and the discharge after cauterization of erosion does not last more than a month. Gynecologists say that "old" erosion can lead to acquired female infertility.
The disease, which is an acute inflammation of the endometrium, is a tissue that covers the reproductive organs. The symptomatology of endometritis is extensive and depends on the neglect of the process. There are several factors, based on the history of which, the specialist can diagnose the inflammatory process in the endometrium. These include:
- the systematic appearance of red-brown discharge after the end of the calendar menstruation,
- pain in the abdomen,
- copious secretion,
It is necessary to give importance to even the slightest indisposition, and identifying the above signs should encourage a woman to immediately consult a specialist in order to prevent the inflammation from going into a chronic stage.
Tumors and neoplasms in the reproductive organs
The occurrence of such a disease is most often affected by women during menopause and menopause.
Based on statistical data, polyps are the most common neoplasms in the genital organs. The tumor does not have pronounced symptomatology at an early stage of development, but the subsequent phases are often characterized by the appearance of heavy discharge in women with blood but not menstrual periods, increased fatigue, low hemoglobin level and constant pulling pain in the region of the inguinal triangle.
To diagnose a tumor can only be in the process of gynecological examination and based on the results of ultrasound. If the tumor is life threatening for a woman, doctors may recommend surgery.
After such an impact, the patient should constantly monitor the health of the reproductive system organs, because even the center of a removed tumor can develop into a cancerous tumor in the future.
Spotting during pregnancy
Blood discharge from women during pregnancy is a major concern, whether it is secretion during a small period or in the last trimester. Depending on the accompanying symptoms, such a phenomenon may mean premature detachment of the placenta (characteristic of later periods), the presence of abnormalities in the development of the fetus or miscarriage. Usually, these conditions are accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen and general weakness.
It must be understood that the cause of the bloody secretion during pregnancy will not disappear by itself. Gynecologists remind that at the first signs of bleeding or if there is a constant daub, regardless of the period, you should immediately contact a woman observant gynecologist.
Such processes can begin rapidly and with each minute the patient may become worse.
Spotting during pregnancy indicates a direct threat to the fetus and the mother!
Summing up, it is possible to say with confidence that the spotting occurring in women between menstruation may lie both in the plane of the physiological norm and testify to the developing pathology of the genital organs. In order to isolate the root cause of what is happening, you must consult a doctor and pass a series of tests that form the basis of the anamnesis.
Features of acyclic secretions
Female acyclic bleeding (metrorrhagia) is a frequent phenomenon in gynecological practice. In metrorrhagia, no connection with the usual menstrual cycle can be traced, and it is difficult to describe the amount of blood secreted by the patient.
However, the nature of the discharge is rather deceptive: from barely noticeable spot marks to heavy bleeding in clots. As a rule, it is abundant discharges that induce a woman to see a doctor, while a small metrorrhagia can go unnoticed at all - especially if it coincides with the last days of menstruation. Sometimes the discharge is accompanied by dizziness or mild abdominal pain, but this is also attributed to the individual characteristics of the flow of the menstrual period.
Nevertheless, intermenstrual discharge causes anxiety in women regarding their own health. To determine how unreasonable such fear is, it is necessary to know what caused the bleeding in a particular case.
Causes of bleeding
Outside of a normal, regular menstrual cycle, bleeding may indicate a broad symptomatic spectrum: from uterine fibroids and benign tumors to the onset of menopause. Go
Among the factors provoking intermenstrual discharge, appear:
- multiple vitamin deficiencies,
- hormonal imbalance induced by OK,
- изменения физиологического состояния (беременность либо климакс),
- эндометриоз, иные воспалительные и инфекционные процессы,
- vaginal injuries,
- persistent long-term stress with impaired immunity,
Additional provocative factors
Among the obvious and therefore not always voiced to the patient causes of acyclic bleeding, it is worth noting related to the physiological states of growing up and menopause. So, with the initial establishment of the cycle in youth, so-called juvenile bleeding may occur. If inflammation does not join them, then there is usually no cause for concern.
Not all women know that the recovery of the menstrual cycle in the postpartum period does not always go smoothly, regardless of how the birth took place. Fluctuations in the intensity and frequency of discharge sometimes stretch to six months and require the supervision of a physician.
Less obvious due to the lower prevalence, the combination of pituitary disorders, along with chronic diseases of the reproductive system, can also affect the apparent regularity of the menstrual cycle.
As a rule, such violations are associated with the onset of menopause, but not always its other signs are noticeable without additional examinations.
Finally, taking large doses of anticoagulants or an overdose of aspirin can cause some bleeding, but they have little chance of becoming acyclic - unless you take aspirin as a preventive measure for all diseases.
Diagnosis of acyclic bleeding
As a rule, in order to identify the causes of metrorrhagia, in addition to the standard history taking and studying the general clinical condition, diagnostics of the following nature:
- complete blood count to determine hemoglobin level and clotting rate,
- study of the level of the hormone hCG (if there is a probability of pregnancy)
- estrogen-progesterone balance
- transvaginal ultrasound screening,
- endometrial biopsy.
Since, for the completeness of the clinical picture, not only gynecological, but also the general health of the patient is assessed, consultations of several medical specialists may be required. So, the supposed tumors of any etiology must be examined by an oncologist, and immunity disorders should be treated by an immunologist. In addition, many patients of a gynecologist are also prescribed consultations by an endocrinologist, since some symptoms of a gynecological nature indicate problems with the thyroid gland or diabetes that is beginning.
Metrorragia when receiving OK
Both with constant and emergency hormonal contraception, bleeding can occur. Oral contraceptives, that is, birth control pills, stop the normal course of the cycle just to eliminate the possibility of conception. Sometimes they are prescribed for amenorrhea and other disorders to normalize the cycle.
It is precisely to avoid serious consequences for the reproductive system that contraceptives should be prescribed only by a doctor of the appropriate profile after a thorough examination of the patient. All oral contraceptives act in different ways, they must be selected on the basis of the individual characteristics of the patient. Then the risk of ineffective prescription and manifestation of side effects is minimized.
Emergency drugs can not be taken on an ongoing basis, and after a single dose should consult a doctor and report it.
Treatment of acyclic secretions
Depending on the age and physiological state of the patient, the approach to the treatment of bleeding is different. In adolescence and adolescence, toning vessels are more often prescribed drugs, vitamin complexes. Reproductive and mature age allows us to consider a spectrum of hormonal agents as a therapeutic measure.
Climacteric bleeding can be symptoms of hormonal adjustment of the body and preparation for menopause. However, the probability of neoplasms that are treated with surgery is not excluded. In a small percentage of cases, the uterus is extirpated along with the ovaries and hormone replacement therapy is prescribed. The overwhelming majority of subsequent complaints are related solely to the psychological state of the patients, who are afraid of a possible deterioration in sexual relations. In these cases, in addition to the explanatory conversation of the gynecologist, consultations of psychologists and psychotherapists are required.
What is acyclic bleeding?
When a woman begins discharge with blood outside of the menstrual period, she may panic. This is quite justified, since this factor is mainly indicative of disruptions in the body. Acyclic uterine bleeding go one or several days, may have different profusion, and also often accompanied by clots. Although they mostly manifest themselves outside of menstruation, it also happens that bleeding begins exactly during the period of critical days. Secretion may not be accompanied by any other signs or pain.
The occurrence of metrorrhagia is associated with several factors:
- hormones malfunction
- physiological problems
- inflammation within the reproductive system
- tumors in the genitals
- poor assimilation of vitamins.
For such bleeding mainly meet the uterus, pituitary and ovaries. It is because of the disruption of these organs that the body reacts with secretions from the blood clots. Therefore, in the first place should be examined and check the level of hormones. Often, such secretion is associated with other non-gynecological diseases.
Treatment for uterine bleeding depends on their cause. If they start after menstruation or during menopause, we can talk about the development of the tumor.
Types of discharge
Acyclic uterine bleeding should not be ignored. Even if they are of a single character, you should find out the cause of such a problem. It may indicate the onset of the development of a tumor or trauma to the genital organs during sexual intercourse.
Spotting may be bloody, intense or abundant. In some cases, they are accompanied by cramping pain.
There are several types of secretion with blood:
- Pathological uterine bleeding that is associated with ovarian dysfunction.
- Secretion associated with the restructuring of the body during menopause or menopause.
- Allocations that speak of infectious diseases, inflammatory processes.
- Bleeding when installing a cycle in a young girl.
- Blood due to oncological diseases of the reproductive system.
- Secretion during hormonal disorders.
- Blood at different stages of pregnancy.
Often, bleeding can be caused by taking certain medications: anticoagulants, aspirin, strong drugs. If there was an active sexual intercourse, there may also be a slight discharge after it.
Symptoms of acyclic bleeding
Often, metrorrhagia is confused with menstrual disorders. A woman may not even suspect for a long time that her days are not at all critical. Determining the pathological discharge is difficult, but still possible.
You need to be able to recognize the symptoms of metrorrhagia, which can manifest in a complex or individual way.
- Abundant discharge, which last more than a week. A woman loses a lot of blood, so her condition is worsened by anemia. She has low blood pressure, gets tired quickly, becomes weak. The patient's skin is pale, dizziness and headache are constantly observed.
- Secretion is accompanied by the release of blood clots.
- There are severe pains in the lower abdomen, they can be stretching, as during menstruation.
- Spotting begins after intercourse.
- Secretion scant or smearing, goes only a day, and then ends.
Diagnosis of acyclic secretions depends on what disease they accompany. That is, for certain types of diseases abundant secretion with pain may be observed, while for others only obscene discharges without other symptoms are present.
How to recognize metrorrhagia? You need to keep a calendar of the menstrual cycle and pay attention to blood impurities that go outside of menstruation. If during the critical days the woman noticed that their character has changed, you should also consult a doctor. Only he will be able to establish the true cause of the appearance of blood in the secretion.
It often happens that a woman marks small brown discharge that is somehow associated with menstruation. This develops not only with pathological disorders, but can also be a sign of natural processes. Depending on the time of occurrence, this symptom is explained by the following factors:
- Immediately before the month - as a sign of early menstruation.
- In the middle of the cycle - as a result of ovulation.
- After the menstruation - a few days leave the remnants of blood.
In addition, poor bleeding after intercourse can occur, especially if the woman has not had previous sexual experience. Also, a similar symptom is not uncommon in girls who are at the age of onset of menstruation, when there is still no final determination of the cyclical nature of the process. Brown intermenstrual discharge go and women in the pre-menopausal period, experiencing symptoms of gradual extinction of the reproductive function.
In such cases, there is no reason for concern - discharge in the middle of the cycle with an admixture of blood appears in the normal situation.
Highlight brown color can be a sign of an inflammatory pathology of the female genital organs. Most often it is the result of endometritis - a lesion of the uterine mucosa, but sometimes it also appears with vaginal infections. Thus, the discharge with blood may have a different character depending on the etiological factor:
- Muddy yellowish-green - with gonorrhea.
- Liquid frothy with an unpleasant smell - with trichomoniasis.
- Abundant creamy consistency - with gardnerella.
If a woman feels pain in the lower abdomen, fever, general weakness and malaise, then there is a greater likelihood of infection in the uterus and the development of endometritis. Then the bloody discharge from the vagina speaks of a serious threat to the health of the woman.
A large proportion of all factors that cause bleeding between menstruation, is given to tumor diseases of the female genital sphere. This primarily applies to fibroids and uterine cancer. Also, a similar situation affects women with ovarian tumors. Often along with bloody secretions in the middle of the cycle, the following symptoms can be observed:
- Painful periods.
- Feeling of discomfort and pain in the abdomen.
- Increased urination.
- Spontaneous abortions.
Cancer of the body of the uterus for a long time may not give a bright clinical picture, accompanied by only periodic mucopurulent discharge. But as the tumor decays, the state of the woman gets worse and worse.
Bleeding between periods can be a sign of a serious pathology. Therefore, they should always be treated with increased attention, especially after 50 years.
To stop intermenstrual bloody discharge, it is necessary first of all to influence the cause of the pathological process. Each disease requires its own treatment, but there are general principles for the treatment of various disorders of the menstrual cycle. This applies to both conservative events and surgical operations.
The basis of the treatment is medical correction of the revealed violations. All drugs are prescribed based on the clinical situation and the characteristics of the woman's body. As a rule, the following groups of drugs are used:
- Hormones (estrogen and progesterone in various combinations).
- Hemostatic (etamzilat, aminocaproic acid).
- Muscles reducing the uterus (oxytocin, ergometrine).
- Antibiotics (depending on the pathogen).
- Vitamins (C, E, K, B6).
- Adaptogens (Pantocrinum, Eleutherococcus Extract).
Physical therapy also has a certain value: electrophoresis with drugs (copper and zinc sulfate, novocaine) and galvanization.
Any drugs should be used only on the recommendation of the attending physician.
When other methods are not able to have the desired effect, then there is no other solution to the problem than to stop the spotting after the operation. This applies to tumor processes: cancer of the uterus, large fibroids or ovarian cysts. Depending on the situation, apply the following methods:
- Extended extirpation of the uterus with appendages and lymph nodes - for cancer.
- Supravaginal amputation - with multiple or large fibroids.
- Laparoscopic removal of the tumor - with damage to the ovaries.
Treatment depends on the degree of development of the pathological process. In order not to start the disease, you should always consult a doctor in time. Then restore the menstrual cycle will be much easier.
What should be the selection
In the normal functioning of the female reproductive system, a discharge of whitish secretions is noted. Their consistency is homogeneous, and the smell is barely perceptible. The abundance of secretion depends on the phase of the cycle.
After the end of the critical days, there is a selection of a lightening character. Towards the middle of the cycle, the secret becomes more abundant. Its volume increases before menstrual bleeding.
Poor discharge with blood can also be observed at certain stages of the cycle.
Acyclic bleeding is a sign of pathology. Black, dark secretion occurs due to the fact that blood cells in the cavity of the reproductive organ began to break down. It is extremely important in this case to identify the cause of the onset of bleeding.
Poor secretion, which has no relationship with the menstrual cycle, is also considered a signal of health problems. An alarming symptom is bloody leucorrhoea, which stands out instead of menstruation.
The appearance of uncharacteristic mucus mixed with blood, regardless of the phase of the cycle, is a reason for visiting the doctor even if there is a concomitant symptom (pain, unpleasant smell, discomfort, or general malaise).
The appearance of bleeding in women can be considered a variant of the norm. Ovulation is often accompanied by scanty mucous white blood mixed with blood. Similar symptoms are also observed a couple of days before the arrival of the regulator and immediately after their completion.
Does not indicate a pathology bloody secretion after the operation and during implantation of the egg in the tissue of the reproductive organ. Sometimes there are similar discharge after exercise and intimacy. If such changes are of a single character, then there is no cause for concern.
The reason for bleeding may be in the conduct of surgical intervention. Abortive activities, cleansing, cauterization and other surgical effects can cause similar changes. If this is a minor daub, then there is no cause for concern.
Fears cause bleeding with lumps, clots and concomitant fever. These symptoms are a sign of the development of pathologies or inflammatory processes. For help, the doctor should contact as soon as possible.
In the gynecological chair, after inspection, bleeding may also be felt, therefore, we recommend that you read additional information on this issue.
Diseases and other causes
Blood discharge from the genitals, regardless of menstruation, occurs due to the onset of the pathological process and for a number of other reasons:
- ovulation. The release of an egg from the follicle leads to damage to small vessels. This is due to the release of blood,
- taking oral contraceptives
- endometriosis. In the course of the development of the disease, the endometrium overgrows and interferes with the normal blood flow during the regulation, and this leads to the appearance of similar symptoms,
- myoma. The neoplasm is localized in the muscle layer of the reproductive organ,
- polycystic ovaries,
- malignant neoplasms in the organs of the genitourinary system,
- endometritis is an inflammatory process that occurs in the uterus,
- endometrial hyperplasia - thickening of the reproductive organ,
- cervicitis - inflammation of the mucous membranes of the vagina,
- bacterial vaginosis. The development of pathology is provoked by gardnerella. Their intensive development occurs due to the violation of the vaginal microflora. At the same time there is a gray secret with the smell of rotten fish. If another infection is attached, there may be an admixture of blood in it,
- hormonal fluctuations
- problems with blood clotting,
- endocrine disruption.
It is extremely important in the shortest possible time to identify the cause of the appearance of uncharacteristic secretion. Only with timely initiated therapy will it be possible to avoid undesirable consequences.
Bleeding during pregnancy
During pregnancy, a low blood volume of normal volume may appear at the time of the implantation of the ovum into the walls of the reproductive organ. Due to their appearance vascular damage. There is no cause for concern in this case. As a rule, such symptoms occur 10 days after ovulation and are of short duration.
However often thick, heavy or heavy discharge is a sign of pathology. Their appearance should be a reason for immediate treatment in a medical institution, regardless of the duration of pregnancy, the amount of bloody mucus and its color.
Such symptoms often signal the following problems:
- the threat of spontaneous miscarriage,
- partial exfoliation of the placenta
- the risk of onset of labor ahead of time,
- placenta previa.
Most often, the risk of poor brown secretion. When it appears, the gynecologist needs immediate help.
Such clinical manifestations are dangerous because the volume of discharge can increase significantly in the shortest possible time, and this has serious consequences for the woman and child. Urgent hospitalization is needed if the following symptoms occur:
- general malaise and fatigue,
- blanching of the skin
- pain in the abdomen, regardless of its intensity,
- excessive sweating.
Such manifestations signal the beginning of placental abruption and intrauterine hemorrhage.
Discharge in women in the first trimester of pregnancy
Scanty and profuse bleeding from the vagina, appearing in the first trimester, often indicate the threat of miscarriage. To prevent undesirable effects, you need the help of a doctor. Only a gynecologist can assess the situation and determine whether further normal pregnancy is possible.
Another cause of this symptom is damage to the mucous membranes of the cervix in the event of erosion.
The admixture of blood in the secretion during this period is a very alarming symptom. Its appearance often indicates detachment of the placenta. In order to avoid oxygen starvation of a baby, you should immediately contact a medical institution for help.
In a healthy woman, bloody leucorrhea for a period of more than 37 weeks may indicate the beginning of the discharge of cork mucosa, which creates a barrier to the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the cavity of the genital organ. Similar symptoms signal the imminent onset of labor.
Analyzes and surveys
Before you start the treatment of secretions, prescribed tests, tissue sampling and other diagnostic measures. As a rule, at the initial stage of the examination, the gynecologist listens to the complaints of the woman, specifies the features of the clinical picture. After that, an inspection is carried out using mirrors, palpable organs are palpable.
In order to make an accurate diagnosis, a number of procedures are carried out:
- sampling of biomaterial for the purpose of histological examination,
- colposcopy. During this procedure, the cervix is examined by enlarging the image repeatedly,
- smear on microflora,
- ultrasound, which allows to assess the condition of all organs of the small pelvis,
- blood test to determine the level of hormones
- general blood and urine tests
- bacterial culture.
External and internal treatment
When a woman has bleeding, they most often resort to the use of medications (tablets, suppositories, injections). Among the main conservative methods stand out:
- Hormone therapy. The duration of hormonal drugs is about three months. After that they take a break, assess the condition and, if necessary, prolong the course of treatment.
- Hemostatic medications. In case of heavy bleeding, they resort to the use of drugs that stimulate the contractile ability of the genital organ.
- Immunomodulatory drugs and vitamin complexes. Contribute to the speedy restoration of the reproductive system and strengthen immunity.
In addition, in the presence of disorders in the urogenital system, it is recommended to avoid stressful situations and excessive physical exertion.
The scheme of treatment by a gynecologist is selected individually. The duration of therapy may vary from several weeks to six months. In many respects, the time depends on the pathology that provoked the appearance of non-characteristic secretion.
In some cases, resorting to surgery. If cervical erosion is detected, ulceration is cauterized. Indications for surgery are also endometriosis and various neoplasms, regardless of whether they are benign or malignant. In the future, prescribed medication therapy aimed at restoring the body and preventing relapse.
The presence of blood in the discharge does not always indicate the development of pathology. Quite often, such symptoms are observed for natural reasons. Nevertheless, such changes cannot be ignored. Only after the diagnosis can determine whether to carry out treatment. Often, such clinical manifestations signal serious health problems.
When acyclic secretions are normal
Not always metrorrhagia should cause anxiety and panic. In some cases, it starts due to quite safe factors:
- The establishment of critical days. Girls who have only formed a cycle, faced with the problem of its irregularity. It is possible that the critical days will go 2 times a month, they can just be smeared or stay for a certain period.
- When taking birth control pills, acyclic secretions are not uncommon. A woman changes her hormonal background, the body is rebuilt. This is fraught with the appearance of bloody secretions, which, however, quickly pass.
- After installing the uterine helix. In this case, blood clots may come out for some time.
- With active intercourse. The genitals may be injured, and the woman will observe blood-smearing discharge.
- During ovulation. When the egg leaves the ovary, a small wound appears on it. In some women, all this is accompanied by secretions of blood.
- When moving, climate change.
- After giving birth.
- With the onset of menopause. Changes in hormonal levels, when the body begins to rebuild, are accompanied by bleeding.
Depending on the type of disease and the condition of the body, treatment is prescribed. It consists of two stages:
- Stopping bleeding and finding out its causes.
- Treatment of a specific disease that led to such symptoms.
Often, doctors prescribe hormonal drugs, vitamins and minerals, if the diseases are not dangerous and are associated simply with a violation of hormonal levels or vitamin deficiency. But if there is a risk of tumors, the doctor may prescribe a surgical procedure.
You can not ignore the appearance of bleeding outside menstruation. A woman should definitely appear to a specialist in order to understand the cause of metrorrhagia with him. Depending on the type of illness, doctors prescribe therapy. But their main task is to stop the bleeding.
Gynecologists warn that blood during menopause often means the appearance of tumors, therefore, diagnosis is mandatory. But in any case, only the doctor establishes the cause of bleeding, and it is better to refuse self-treatment. Incorrect diagnosis will lead to serious consequences.
The main cause of acyclic secretions is the presence of concomitant diseases. It is important for a woman to undergo an examination and start treatment, as some diseases can be very dangerous. But with timely treatment to gynecologists and other specialists, you can bring your body in order. Therefore, it is not necessary to postpone care of the body and ignore its signals.
Causes of metrorrhagia
Discharge between menstruation causes anxiety in many women. You must first understand what leads to violations of this kind, to find out the cause of the impermanence of bloody discharge. You should be familiar with the factors that lead to such pathologies:
- disruption of hormonal levels,
- changes in the physiological state,
- inflammatory processes
- tumors of different types
- cervical erosion,
- gynecological injuries
Responsible for the occurrence of such bleeding, regardless of the named causes of the pituitary, uterus and ovaries. Disruption of their work affects the course of the menstrual cycle. The main cause of acyclic bleeding is disruption of the hormonal balance of progesterone and estrogen. Especially attentive need to be women who are in a state of menopause.
If bleeding occurs after constant menstruation, this is often a sign of a tumor.
When classifying the causes of metrorrhagia, they distinguish the following main factors: a disease of the vagina, uterus, ovaries, a change in the hormonal structure of the ovaries, a somatic, iatrogenic disease, discharge during pregnancy.
Diagnostics of acyclic secretions
Symptom metrorrhagia are acyclic discharge, which appear in the middle of the cycle. A factor causing this condition is a disease of the reproductive system in women: fibromyoma, uterine cancer, ovarian tumor. This often occurs pain in the abdomen, dizziness. Sometimes the condition is acute, but can be almost asymptomatic. In any case, a thorough examination is necessary.
In order to identify the causes of metrorrhagia, to take timely measures, it is recommended that such a diagnosis.
- Anamnesis of the disease.
- The study of the clinical condition of the patient.
- Determination of hemoglobin level, hormones, coagulation ability and blood biochemistry.
- The study of the level of the hormone v-hCG.
- Ultrasound transvaginal studies.
- Endometrial biopsy.
- Consultation of various specialists.
Diagnostics is always based on general and gynecological examination data. Diagnostic curettage of the genital mucosa with subsequent histological examination allows for effective treatment. Types of diagnosis, the nature of these procedures should always be determined by the attending physician.
Types of acyclic bleeding
Intermenstrual blood is a sign of infection, damage to the cervix, vaginal injuries, fibroids, adenomyosis, ovarian cysts. Discharges have a different character: bloating, copious, intense accompanied by cramping pain.
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is often associated with the ovaries. When menopause and menopause rebuilds the body, there are intermenstrual discharge. If a very young girl has an infectious disease, or a cycle is simply established, juvenile bleeding can occur.
The result of a change in hormonal levels in menopause, hormonal contraception are iatrogenic hemorrhages. They sometimes appear when taking anticoagulants and regular aspirin.
Blood excretions during pregnancy indicate a threatened miscarriage. Abdominal pain, back pain, low body temperature are additional signs of this condition. Smear can and with ectopic pregnancy, when there is a detachment of the uterine decidual membrane. In late pregnancy, bleeding occurs with placental abruption.
Metrorrhagia with hormonal contraception
When hormonal contraception can occur iatrogenic bleeding. One of these drugs - Eskapel acts on hormones, causing side effects, including acyclic uterine bleeding. Escapel is considered an effective emergency contraceptive that is not used regularly. Discharge after Escapela appear often. Women think that the cycle is failing, but it is not. Monthly return to normal schedule. If there is a delay of menstruation for five or seven days, this is normal.
Postinor is an emergency contraceptive, after which discharge may appear in the form of blood. This is evidence that conception did not occur. Monthly come later. Repeated or regular use of the drug is not recommended, because against this background, acyclic bleeding can become permanent.
In the treatment of diseases, which are a symptom of bleeding between menstruation, it is very important to diagnose in time. Without delay, women should contact a gynecologist for help. The treatment regimen for acyclic bleeding is always individual. First of all, it is necessary to stop the bleeding in a timely manner, to make the optimal course of drug treatment, the duration of which must be at least twenty-one days.
Climax or climacteric period is a long and multi-stage process that occurs in the female body, during which the functions of the reproductive system gradually fade, decreases, and then estrogen production stops. It is during this period that menstruation gradually disappears, and the body adapts to existence in new conditions. On average, menopause begins at the age of 45 to 55 years.
Climax is divided into several periods (conditionally):
The first signs of menopause appear (the most common are hot flashes), which indicates the beginning of hormonal changes and the extinction of ovarian functions. Menstruation begins to be confused and sometimes "disappear."
It starts from the date of the last menstrual period and lasts for a year (a number of specialists consider it correct to be 1.5-2 years).
The countdown is from the last menstruation and this period lasts the rest of your life.
Separately, it should be said about perimenopause, which combines premenopause and menopause.
There are physiological menopause, which develops due to natural causes and artificial, caused by medical factors (taking certain drugs, conducting chemotherapy or radiation, removing the ovaries). Premature menopause is also isolated when the ovaries cease to function before the time set by nature, up to 40 years. Premature menopause is also called premature ovarian depletion.
The mechanism of development of menopause
The appearance of climacteric symptoms is due to estrogen deficiency, which develops against the background of a progressive decline in ovarian function (their ovarian and hormonal functions are suppressed).
Approximately at the age of 35 in the ovaries involutive processes begin, caused by the hardening of their inner layer. In the stroma (inner layer) of the ovaries, the amount of connective tissue increases, the follicles begin to dissolve or undergo protein dystrophy. As a result of these processes, the ovaries begin to shrink and shrink. A natural stage is the reduction in the formation of ovarian sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone). In the initial stages, the lack of estrogen is compensated by their formation from testosterone in the subcutaneous layer and skin.
Along with a decrease in the number of normal follicles, a change occurs in the ovarian response to pituitary hormones (FSH and LH), which regulate the functioning of the reproductive system. In childbearing age, FSH and LH stimulate the ovaries, the production of sex hormones, the onset of ovulation and menstruation. By reducing the response of the ovaries to FSH and LH levels by the type of feedback, their production in the pituitary gland decreases.
As a result, an overwhelming number of cycles occur without ovulation and their duration may vary. At the same time, menstruations are distinguished by irregularity and scarcity. Against the background of a long delay of menstruation and menopausal bleeding occurs.
What is climacteric bleeding and its types
Uterine bleeding during menopause refers to the sudden release of blood from the genital tract of a woman in premenopausal, menopausal, or postmenopausal women. If bleeding, regardless of their volume, is observed in the postmenapuzalny period, then talk about bleeding after menopause, although this is not entirely correct definition. Climacteric hemorrhages are the most common cause for women of 45 - 55 years of age to enter the gynecological hospital. As a rule, menopausal bleeding occurs against the background of concomitant gynecological pathology (fibroids, endometriosis, endometrial polyposis).
Signs that should alert the woman "aged":
- abundant monthly, requiring frequent (hourly) change of gasket,
- bleeding with lots of clots
- postcoital bleeding,
- intermenstrual "daub" or bleeding,
- monthly missing 3 or more months
- the presence of short (less than 21 days) menstrual cycles (more than three),
- the presence of more than three menstruation with a duration of 3 days longer than usual.
By the time of occurrence of climacteric bleeding is divided into:
- premenopausal bleeding,
- menopausal bleeding,
- postmenopausal bleeding.
By the amount of blood lost, the duration and regularity of bleeding during menopause are divided into:
- menorrhagia - abundant and regular spotting in premenopause,
- metrorrhagia - abundant acyclic bleeding,
- menometrorrhagia - heavy menstruation plus acyclic bleeding,
- polymenorrhea - copious menstruation, repeated regularly and at short intervals (less than 3 weeks).
Depending on the cause of climacteric bleeding are:
- caused by gynecological pathology (organic)
- возникающими на фоне экстрагенитальной патологии.
Possible causes of bleeding with menopause in the premenopausal period include:
- Hormonal imbalance
Due to the oppression of the ovaries and the rare maturation of the egg cells, menstruation becomes irregular. As a result, during the period of the absence of monthly endometrium grows significantly, which leads to significant bleeding.
Myomatous nodes not only increase the area of the uterine cavity, and, accordingly, the endometrium, but also violate the contractile function of the uterus. These factors cause bleeding.
Endometrial polyps also significantly increase its area, in addition, the presence of polyps indicates a hormonal imbalance. Spotting becomes not only abundant, but also irregular.
Excessive proliferation of the inner layer of the uterus, which is accompanied by abundant blood secretions.
Wearing an IUD triggers an increase in blood discharge (excessive uterine contraction).
With regular admission, the amount of blood lost during menstruation is significantly reduced, but in the case of interruption or discontinuation of treatment, bleeding may occur.
- Pathology of the thyroid gland
Thyroid hormones in a certain amount affect the menstrual cycle. Both with their deficiency (hypothyroidism) and with their excess (hyperthyroidism) uterine bleeding appear.
Pathology is accompanied by long, up to 6 months, delayed menstruation, which leads to the development of endometrial hyperplasia and, as a result, uterine bleeding.
- Taking anticoagulants or bleeding disorders
Both that, and another leads to "dilution" of blood and provokes the occurrence of uterine bleeding.
The following factors can provoke an abundant blood discharge:
- heavy physical exertion
- rise in blood pressure
- acute infectious disease
- sexual intercourse
Is this a pregnancy?
And although with age (45+), the chances of getting pregnant are sharply reduced, but the whole occurrence of pregnancy is possible. As a rule, in the absence of menstruation for more than three cycles, women stop using the precautionary measures, which can result in an unexpected pregnancy. Pregnancy at a later age often proceeds with a pathology (ectopic or threatened to interrupt), which is accompanied by bloody discharge, often abundant.
In postmenopausal bleeding of any intensity should be absent. The only factor explaining the appearance of bleeding and considered the norm is hormone replacement therapy (estrogens plus progesterone). All other cases of the occurrence of bleeding and bleeding signal pathology:
- uterine fibroids (although with the cessation of menstruation, fibroids usually disappear)
- endometrial polyposis and hyperplasia,
- atrophic colpitis.
But postmenopausal bleeding should first suggest the presence of malignant tumors:
- cervical cancer,
- ovarian cancer
- endometrial cancer.
Abundant blood discharge during menopause is unlikely to go unnoticed by a woman. As a rule, such secretions have large clots, which is associated with blood coagulation in the uterine cavity. Often, heavy bleeding occurs suddenly, in the midst of complete health and takes a woman by surprise. Quite often sexual activity acts as a triggering factor for bleeding, that is, discharge occurs immediately or some time after coitus. This is due to the formed hematometer (accumulation of blood in the uterus) - during orgasm, the uterus begins to contract, which promotes the release of blood from its cavity.
Perhaps the appearance of nagging or aching pain in the lower abdomen and in the lumbar region during bleeding, sometimes cramping pain. The occurrence of pain, as a rule, indicates the presence of concomitant gynecological pathology (submucous myoma node, uterine fibroids, etc.). But more often uterine bleeding does not cause a woman significant physical discomfort.
In case of a tumor of the uterus or appendages, problems with urination and bowel movements (pressure of the bladder and rectum) may be troubling.
The overall clinical picture during menopause has its own distinctive features. Monthly become irregular, may disappear for 2 months or more, and then resume. Their intensity also changes; they can become either scarce or excessively abundant. If there are no concomitant gynecological pathology, then these phenomena are considered the norm.
The reason for prompt treatment to the gynecologist is the appearance of bleeding during the period between menstruations - such as menstruation, prolonged menstruation, their disappearance for 3 or more months, the appearance often (shorter than 21 days) or bleeding after coitus.
Surgical intervention for menopausal bleeding (complete or partial removal of the uterus) is carried out in the case of:
- adenocarcinoma (cancer) of the uterus,
- atypical endometrial hyperplasia,
- multiple uterine fibroids of considerable size
- submucous uterine fibroids,
- combinations of fibroids and endometriosis of the uterus.
What to do if menopausal bleeding happens at home and how to stop it? First of all, a woman needs to calm down, not panic and pull herself together. If the blood discharge is very abundant - an ambulance should be called in. In case of moderate discharge, a number of measures are necessary:
- go to bed, placing a cushion or a pillow under the lumbar region to facilitate blood flow and normalize blood circulation in other organs,
- apply a cold water bubble or ice to the lower abdomen (be sure to wrap it in a diaper) - the duration of the cold on the stomach is 15 minutes with 5-minute breaks, and the total is about 2 hours,
- consume a large amount of sweet liquid (tea, dogrose broth, fruit drinks) in order to restore water balance.
- warm or hot baths,
- performing any, especially heavy, exercise and weight lifting,
- sex acts
- the adoption of a horizontal position with the rise of the lower extremities - this position holds the blood in the uterine cavity and contributes to the formation of hematometers.
Treatment of folk remedies for menopausal bleeding is quite allowed, but it should be carried out only with the permission of the doctor and as an addition to the main therapy. Of the commonly used plants that have hemostatic properties, apply:
To prepare the broth, 4 tablespoons of dried leaves should be poured with a glass of water and boiled over low heat for 10 minutes. Broth strain and take a tablespoon 4 - 5 times a day.
Ripe berries of viburnum should be crushed and mixed with a small amount of sugar. Dilute the mass with boiled water 1: 1. Take one tablespoon three times a day (an indispensable source of vitamin C, which has a hemostatic effect).
Pour 2 teaspoons of dry grass with a glass of boiling water and leave for an hour. Insist strain and take a quarter cup four times a day.
A tablespoon of dry raw materials pour a glass of boiling water and leave for an hour. Strain the infusion and drink a tablespoon 4 times daily before meals.
Peel from 5 to 6 oranges, rinse and pour one and a half liter of boiling water, leave for an hour, strain and drink 4 tablespoons 3 to 5 times a day.
Fresh beet juice to take a third cup three times a day.
First of all, it is the development of acute and chronic post-hemorrhagic anemia (weakness, lethargy, disability, fainting). Also regularly repeated bleeding can trigger the development of endometrial hyperplasia, and, most terrible, endometrial cancer (in 5 - 10% of cases).
This question is difficult to answer. It is possible that your last menstruation was really the last one and there will be no more menstruations. But it is possible and return monthly. For a more accurate response and an assessment of the thickness of the endometrium (prevention of uterine bleeding), you should perform an ultrasound scan with a transvaginal probe. With a significant thickness of the endometrium, the doctor may recommend a separate curettage to exclude pathology of the uterine mucosa and prevent possible bleeding.
I think the answer is obvious - abortion. Since the term is small, it is quite possible to conduct a mini-abortion or abortion in a medical manner.
If the histology results are “good”, then continue the treatment with hormones that the doctor probably prescribed for you and follow the recommendations (limit weight lifting, do not visit the bath / sauna, do not take hot baths). The question of the removal of the uterus in your case should be decided by the attending physician (for example, non-treatable chronic post-hemorrhagic anemia).
General principles and guidelines for treatment
Being a woman is not easy at all, and the point is not only that the modern woman should be active, always cheerful, fit and sexy. It's not even in the birth and all kinds of bikes about this time. The point is also that a woman passes a monthly test for the right to be considered as such. This test - menstruation, monthly discharge, sometimes painful and very unpleasant. Ladies got used to this, but intermenstrual bleeding always causes anxiety and even panic. What is the reason? Should I worry? Is such a symptom dangerous? Do I need to run to the doctor? And, of course, how to treat such a problem?
What it is?
Happy men continue to remain in blissful ignorance regarding women's health. They sincerely believe that pads and tampons are essentially useless things, produced solely for the sake of women's whims. And PMS they consider our whims. Sometimes we ourselves become uncomfortable for the fact that during this period we so want warmth, care and attention. after all, it does not show its weaknesses. But intermenstrual bleeding is an alarming symptom. He warns not only about any problems in the health of the female body. But it can be a bell talking about various diseases. Noticed that unusual intermenstrual bleeding appeared? No need to panic - this is a fairly common phenomenon, which may be a variant of the norm. Perhaps, you on the eve fell from a great height? Or did you have a too active intimate relationship? Yes, yes, sometimes sex can give such consequences, so it’s a very good idea to inform your partner about possible problems. Of course, intermenstrual bleeding can talk about breaks in the vagina, but this is a factor that needs to be reported to the police. If a woman has tears, then perhaps she has become a victim of rape.
Causes of unscheduled bleeding
So, intermenstrual bleeding appeared. The causes of this symptom can be quickly and accurately ascertain. So do not guess on the coffee grounds, and quickly go to the nearest hospital. But on the way, look at your personal calendar. Maybe you have an ovulation period? This event happens on days 10-16 of the cycle. At the same time, intermenstrual bleeding is very weak and the “flow” dries out quickly. This is not quite normal, but only indicates a small hormonal failure in the body. For the health of the lady there is no danger.
If, when visiting the toilet, blood traces on toilet paper became obvious, but these secretions do not stain the lingerie, then you definitely have ovulation. Ovaries leave the ovary, which is accompanied by a decrease in the amount of estrogen in the body. If everything is confirmed, then do not panic. You are completely healthy and you do not need treatment at all. But if the discharge causes discomfort and pain, then consult a doctor to normalize
Quite often, intermenstrual bleeding causes are the most commonplace. For example, a woman takes oral contraceptives incorrectly or misses the time of admission. Maybe she installed the IUD or performed a variety of procedures at the gynecologist. Sometimes women are forced to “bloody” special medications. It is quite logical that intermenstrual bleeding can appear during a miscarriage or inflammatory process. The low level of thyroid hormone, endometriosis and constant stress also have a bad effect on the health of women. Also, care should be taken to treat their health to adolescent girls and women during hormonal changes. The body moves to a new work schedule and can "bleed."
When do you need to worry?
Most often, women get very scared if they have intermenstrual bleeding during pregnancy. Pregnancy is not the easiest and most joyful time in itself, but if bloody footprints appear on the laundry or, worse, a “flood” begins, then there are logical concerns about the life and health of the child. This pathology is more common. This can be a serious complication, but do not immediately panic. Blood discharge should not be. The exception is the first trimester, when a woman can be in the dark about her condition. Then the discharge is smearing. This happens at the moment of attachment of the ovum to the uterus and usually corresponds to the period of menstruation. In other cases, intermenstrual uterine bleeding is a pathology. If a woman has blood at an early period, then the threat of miscarriage hangs. In addition, such a symptom can warn of ectopic or "frozen" pregnancy, as well as blistering. At a later date, the blood is due to detachment or placenta previa. Do not immediately think about the pathology of the fetus. Blood may be due to exacerbation of gynecological diseases in the mother. By the way, during pregnancy does not mean that there is no reason for excitement. In any case, you must go to the doctor.
To understand the reason for which the blood is flowing, you need to go to a gynecologist and undergo a series of examinations based on a hospital or maternity hospital. The doctor will take a smear from the vagina and send the sample for general and biochemical analysis. Be sure to conduct an ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs and fetus. If pathology is detected, the treatment of intermenstrual bleeding will slow down slightly again due to additional research. Treatment will be determined by identifying the pathology and stage of the disease. If a miscarriage begins, measures will be taken to preserve the pregnancy. There are drugs that stop the blood, lowering the tone of the uterus. If you managed to preserve the fetus, then pregnant women should refrain from sexual activity and stay in maximum rest. For prophylaxis, doctors may recommend motherwort or valerian tincture. You can undergo a course of acupuncture or endonasal galvanization. It is better not to listen to the advice of folk doctors, as the herbs recommended by them can aggravate the situation.
And so scary when there is bleeding. The intermenstrual period is always perceived as a period of rest and rest. But if complications arise during pregnancy, then panic begins. For example, some miscarriages simply cannot be treated. If miscarriage could not be avoided, then a septic shock can occur due to residues of dead fetal tissue in the uterus. If blood loss exceeds the allowable range, then a woman in labor may die due to the development. After scraping, a rare malignant cancer can develop due to vesicle drift.
Prevention for the sake of
Why think how to stop intermenstrual bleeding, if you can try to prevent it? First of all, you need to think about natural family planning, that is, to abandon abortion. You also need to reduce physical and sexual activity during pregnancy. If a woman has chronic gynecological diseases, then they should be treated promptly, and ideally they should be checked by a gynecologist before a planned pregnancy and cured all the sores. It is also good for a woman to fulfill her destiny and become a mother up to 35 years old.
What do doctors say about the treatment?
If intermenstrual bleeding has begun, only the doctor will write out the causes, treatment and possible risks, so do not neglect to use it. Take care of yourself and your baby! Doctors prohibit self-stopping blood through pills. and curettage they do not advise getting pregnant in the past three to six months. It is better to be careful with sex, especially if your partner has a big penis. Also, doctors are trying to cool the heat of potential mothers, taking delay and blood smears for signs of pregnancy. It could just as well be ovarian dysfunction. Also, doctors say that pregnant women should not go to the bath, especially for short periods. Blood after intercourse may indicate damage to the mucous membrane or cervix. A neat woman is unlikely to have to worry about painful discharge, but if such a moment is suddenly observed, then the presence of genital infections is possible. Doctors recommend checking out both partners. According to test results, the doctor will prescribe drugs, suppositories and ointments. In the event that tests do not show the presence of infections, you will have to start looking for the cause of a non-infectious nature.
Hormonal failure causes the entire body to suffer, rather than specific organs.You can draw an analogy with a broken clock - until you find and fix a malfunction, do not expect accuracy indicators. Abundant secretions from the uterus can signal endometriosis, cervical erosion, and even a cancer. There really can not hesitate with the treatment to the doctor and treatment.
There is a treatment
Naturally, a rare woman in her right mind would ignore the bleeding, but the treatment process can be divided into conservative and progressive. There are also some who seem to be too radical. Let's start with time-tested methods.
Acceptance of hormonal drugs is still relevant to normalize the cycle and stop bleeding. If the bleeding is caused by stress, then a recipe for sedatives will be a good way to block it.
We'll have to adjust the diet and ladies. Add to the menu more vitamins and iron, which is abundant in beef, legumes, vegetables and fruits.
If the patient tells her at the gynecologist's appointment that she plans to switch to oral contraceptives, he will probably tell her that the period of addiction may be accompanied by secretions. Therefore, intermenstrual bleeding when taking OK will not be considered a pathology. One-third of all women are spotting, and they remain from three months to six months. What explains this phenomenon? Quite a small dose of hormones!
Mezhmenstrualnye bleeding when taking contraceptives appear due to the fact that the body does not have enough hormones to block the natural hormones. If the discharge is scarce and quickly disappears, then this type of contraception clearly suits you. Just do not forget to time to complain to the doctor if there is a nagging sensation in the stomach, pain, and discharge will be more abundant. If any of the similar symptoms are observed, the type of contraceptives should be changed. And the abundant secretions of a breakthrough nature speak altogether about the atrophy of endometrial cells, but by the way, they do not present any danger. Only consult with a doctor anyway. By the way, it would be good if you read the instructions before taking contraceptives directly. There is information that the daily hormone dose needs to be doubled before any discharge stops completely.
You can not finish taking OK half way, as you can earn anemia and severe malaise. It is also worth cutting back on smoking a little if this is your destructive passion. The fact is that cigarettes suppress the production of estrogen.
Pathology and rate
If a girl is quite young, she really does not want to see a doctor and therefore will first self-medicate. Almost always, this is an erroneous decision that can be almost fatal, especially when it comes to bleeding. If the problem lies in the uterus, then you can't see it with your own eyes, but you can calculate it. If a woman had an abortion, and then the pain began, the temperature increased, then we can assume that there is endometritis, that is, inflammation of the inner layer of the uterus. If not treated, the disease will reach a new level and become chronic. Intermenstrual bleeding with endometriosis is the body's cry for help, as it does not cope with the load of problems that have fallen on it.
In the endometrium, polyps may appear after abortions. Of course, you cannot make a diagnosis of the eye here, but according to the results of hysteroscopy, ultrasound and histology, everything becomes clear. Treat only get a surgical method, followed by reception of the COC.
It is necessary to pay attention not only to the character, but also to the color of the discharge. If they are brown, it looks like endometriosis. Much has already been said about this disease, but the consequences are often silenced. But endometriosis may well turn into sterility.
So, you need to summarize all of the above. First, intermenstrual bleeding can never be ignored. Even in the most innocuous cases, this symptom forces you to pay attention to your health, to calm down morally, to stabilize sex life. You can not tolerate bloody discharge and leave in the partner's ignorance, because, perhaps, their appearance is his fault and the result of violent sex.
Secondly, be sure to go to the gynecologist at the first symptoms of bleeding. In the best case, it will simply be a routine inspection, which, by the way, is recommended to be carried out a couple of times a year in order to prevent possible troubles in time. Already the gynecologist can suggest the cause of the bleeding and, say, give a referral to a neuropathologist or psychologist, if the whole thing is stress.
Thirdly, you can not self-medicate and prescribe a pill, recommended by the Internet. It is impossible to make a diagnosis, relying on their own pain. You can not even accurately specify the location of the pain.
Finally, fourthly, at the specialist's appointment, give him as much information as possible. Does bleeding cause discomfort? How long does it take? By "long" we need a period of more than three days. Are bleeding worse? Do you have a clear monthly cycle? Are there any pain, and what character are they? Well, if you can talk about the color and nature of the bleeding, remember the stressful situations we experienced. Of course, ideally, you need to establish contacts with your own gynecologist in order to be seen by one person and have the whole history of your visits to this office before your eyes.
Instead of conclusion
It turns out that intermenstrual bleeding is not fatal, but always unpleasant and suspicious. Many women are interested in, and whether sex life is allowed with bloody discharge? The question is ambiguous. If the blood goes to adapt to oral contraceptives, then there are no contraindications. Of course, this is on condition that both partners observe the rules of personal hygiene and do not fear the sight of blood. Men are often nervous at the sight of blood and are afraid to hurt a woman. Explain to your partner that in such a situation discharge is a temporary and painless phenomenon, and sex gives positive emotions and therefore is useful for both of you.
Spotting between menstruation can begin on any day of the cycle. They are abundant and scarce, long and short-term, different in color and texture.
The causes of bleeding between menstruation are varied. Most often this indicates the presence of a pathological process. The main causes of bleeding are as follows:
- Hormonal disorders.
- Use of oral contraceptives.
- Benign and malignant tumors of the genital organs.
- Diseases of the cervix.
- Endometrial diseases.
- Infectious or inflammatory disease.
- Ectopic pregnancy.
- The use of intrauterine device.
- Injuries during sexual intercourse.
- Therapeutic manipulations: curettage, electrocoagulation of cervical erosion, the introduction of an intrauterine device and others.
In some cases, bleeding between menstruation is considered normal. . Brown discharge from a healthy woman is possible in such situations:
- A day or two before the onset of menstruation.
- From the uterus out the blood after menstruation. This can occur within three days.
- Injuries during sexual intercourse.
- Acceptance of some oral contraceptives. You should know that such bleeding is considered normal if no more than three cycles recur, then they should stop.
- During the first sexual contact and the next few.
- Scanty and non-lasting discharge in the middle of the cycle can be observed with ovulation.
- Implant bleeding is a rare occurrence, which is the first sign of pregnancy.
When discharge is considered a pathology?
Talking about the disease can be in some cases, such as:
- Increased body temperature during bleeding, pain in the abdomen, discomfort (itching, burning) in the vagina, pain during intercourse.
- The woman did not take any medications, and she began to bleed.
- Spotting is observed after each sexual intercourse.
- Spotting during menopause, when for a year or more menstruation was absent.
Pathologies that cause bleeding, not associated with menstruation
Often the causes of bleeding between menstruation are various diseases, not necessarily gynecological.
Endometriosis. Characterized by germination of mucosal cells in the cervix, vagina and other places. In this case, before or after the menstruation appear brownish discharge.
With abnormal bleeding between periods, there may be complaints of abdominal pain.
Endometritis. In this inflammatory disease of the mucous membrane of the inner surface of the uterus, discharge of blood may occur after menstruation. Often develops in the presence of sexually transmitted infections.
Uterine fibroids. A benign growth that may cause mid-cycle bleeding.
Polyps. The causes of polyps are not fully understood. They appear as a result of the proliferation of the mucous membrane of the uterus. They may appear both in the genital organ itself and on the neck. When polyps can experience abdominal pain, bleeding, infertility. Often, external polyps (on the cervix of the uterus) are detected on routine gynecological examinations, while intrauterine devices are not easily diagnosed.
Malignant tumors of the genitals. With such tumors, as a rule, regular bleeding after menstruation opens. In addition, women complain not abundant colorless discharge, swelling of the legs, back pain, bowel problems, fever.
Ectopic pregnancy . This is a very life-threatening condition that requires immediate assistance in the hospital ward. With this pathology, bleeding opens, there is pain in the abdomen and dizziness, arterial pressure decreases.
Hypothyroidism. Non-menstrual bleeding from the vagina can be observed with reduced thyroid function. In addition, the woman complains of irritability, fatigue, constant fatigue.
Video about the pathology of the cervix:
For any bleeding from the vagina, a medical examination is necessary. Only after a thorough diagnosis prescribed individual treatment, which can last up to six months. This pathology is treated conservatively or operatively.
Therapeutic methods include:
- Symptomatic treatment, which consists in taking medications that contribute to a better reduction of the uterus and hemostatic agents.
- A course of hormone therapy for up to three months, after which a break is taken to assess how effective the treatment has been.
- Reception of fortifying means, reduction of physical and emotional loads.
With severe and prolonged bleeding, curettage (curettage) may be indicated, and in the case of neoplasms, removal of the tumor or genital organs.
Option number 2 "Diseases"
Another very likely cause of both intermenstrual and mid-cycle bleeding is diseases such as uterine or vaginal tumors, cervical cancer, etc. It is worth noting that in most cases the blood is released after a certain effect on the vagina (having sex, exercise, etc.).
Option number 5 "Special"
The use of various contraceptives can also cause bleeding from the vagina. At the same time, it is worth remembering that these secretions should not last more than three months from the start of taking the drugs. That is how much time the body is given to adapt to the "new life". If after three months the intermenstrual bleeding continues, it is necessary to visit the gynecologist as a matter of urgency.
Option number 6 "Ovulation"
The main reason for the appearance of this kind of discharge is the process of release of the egg (ovulation). It occurs during menstruation and can provoke not only bleeding, but also itching, as well as not very severe pain in the lower abdomen.
So, we tried to explain why there could be such a spotting, and now it’s worth understanding how to eliminate them.
Ways to eliminate bloody vaginal discharge
First of all, it should be clearly remembered that regardless of the nature and time of bleeding, it is necessary to visit the consultation of the gynecologist. There are a large number of tools, methods and devices for the diagnosis of intermenstrual discharge.
Solving your problem can be done in various ways. Next, we consider the main ones.
If you notice that you have a bloody discharge from the vagina, you should seek the help of a specialist. At the same time, if these discharges are accompanied by severe aching pains in the abdomen, an increase in temperature, weakness and dizziness, and also, if you are on any period of pregnancy, you will need to consult a doctor immediately!
That is, in no case should not self-medicate, as this may make it difficult to diagnose the treatment or even aggravate the problem.
Quite often have to resort to surgery. Options for such treatment can be quite diverse: from restoring the integrity of uterine tissue, removing foreign bodies (for example, contraception), and ending with the removal of individual foci of inflammation.
The mid-cycle bleeding can be eliminated with the help of various medications, but it is very difficult to isolate any specific drugs, since they are chosen from the causes of bleeding. Often, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory drugs are used as such medicines.
So, we sincerely hope that we were able to explain to you the essence of the problem, and also made it clear what you need to do and what to prepare for.
The birth of a child is an important and crucial moment in the life of each couple. It is therefore not surprising that parents want to approach the issues of conception and birth as seriously and deliberately as possible. Undoubtedly, future mom and dad are waiting for the reb
Why do menstruations go in clots, they are interested in women who have not had any particular problems with menstruation before. And rightly so. After all, someone can be quite normal. Others have abundant and painful periods with blood clots
Normal discharge from women indicates health. Normally, they must be present in every woman. However, they may not always be harmless. In many cases, the selection of unnatural hues, accompanied by
When bloody, brown discharge between menstruation is a normal variant?
The dark or brown color of the discharge is obtained by adding drops of blood to ordinary bleu. In absolutely healthy women, such manifestations can occur in such cases:
Before menstruation for several hours or days - a sign of the approach of menstruation.
After menstruation for several days - the norm, because the uterus removes unnecessary drops of blood from its cavity.
In the middle of the cycle in women who take contraceptive drugs.
Violent sex - if in front of him a woman is not sufficiently excited and did not have time to develop a sufficient amount of lubricant, which provokes damage to the vaginal mucosa, microdamages occur.
In the first sex of two or three subsequent acts, when only the sexual life of the girl begins.
Causes of bleeding in the middle of the cycle
Brown discharge in the middle of the cycle may occur due to ovulation when there is a high risk of pregnancy. If such leucorrhoea is scarce, then this is a variant of the norm, of course, in the case when during a gynecological examination no other signs of the disease were established. Usually, a woman in such cases does not need therapy, and such secretions pass on their own and are absolutely safe for health.
All brown, bleeding in the middle of the cycle gynecologists are divided into two separate groups: intermenstrual bleeding, uterine bleeding.
Is one of the symptoms of such diseases that can occur in women at any age:
These diseases are quite serious, requiring emergency medical care. If bleeding occurs regularly after intercourse, then a possible cause of this condition is cervical cancer or erosion. If the discharge is accompanied by a pulling pain in the lower abdomen, then inflammation of the inner layer of the uterus is most likely present.
Intermenstrual brown in the middle of the cycle arise for other reasons.
If a woman takes hormonal contraceptives (a hormonal ring, pills, a hormonal patch), the appearance of intermenstrual secretions is a normal reaction of the body during the first three months of this protection. But if hormones are not accepted, then the possible reason for the appearance of bleeding can be:
the use of drugs that affect the menstrual cycle, for example, supplements that include estrogens,
использование препаратов, которые предназначены для экстренной контрацепции («Постинор», «Гинепристон»),
нарушение работы щитовидной железы и понижение уровня ее гормонов,
the presence of an intrauterine device,
deep emotional shock, climate change, stress, shock,
some gynecological procedures
disruptions in the hormonal background - progesterone deficiency, hyperprolactinemia,
inflammation of the vagina due to genital infections and sexually transmitted diseases.
In sexually active women, spotting bloody leucorrhoea may indicate an STD. In this case, this symptom is complemented by burning and pain during urination, itching in the vagina.
If the woman is not protected, the presence of spotting may indicate the development of ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage. In such cases, most often there is severe pain in the lower abdomen. But if there were minor bleeding instead of menstruation, after which there was a delay, most likely the woman became pregnant.
With excessive activity during sexual intercourse, regular sex, microcracks can occur, and brown discharge between cycles is also possible under severe stress or physical exertion.
Spotting after coitus
Spotting after intercourse in some cases may be accompanied by pain. In this case, in the absence of pain, you should not assume that everything is normal. If brown secretions or bleeding occurs constantly after sex, then such diseases may be the cause:
In any case, if there are any brown secretions in the middle of the cycle, it is worth consulting a gynecologist to find out the reasons for this. If this is a sign of a disease, then delay can be very dangerous. Since, avoiding going to the doctor, the condition of the woman can be aggravated to such an extent that the treatment of the pathology will be complicated. Self-medication is also unacceptable.
Brown discharge before and after menstruation - pathology or norm?
Brown discharge before menstruation on the very eve, the day before the opening of the bleeding is considered the absolute norm. Since the development of menstrual bleeding occurs due to the death of the egg, it must leave the body along with uterine secretions, and this cannot happen dramatically. Therefore, first menstruation appears as brown smears or red-brown discharge, which is normal, but if such discharge occurs for more than one day or brown discharge occurs instead of the usual menstruation, you should consult a doctor.
The main reasons for the presence of spotting before menstruation are:
adenomyosis (endometriosis) of the uterus or cervix,
hormonal contraception or their withdrawal,
climate change, severe stress, hormonal disorders.
Light brown discharge after menstruation is also one of the normal variants, if it lasts no more than three days. This is the process of natural cleaning of the uterus from menstrual blood. But, if the discharge is observed more than 3 days from the end of menstruation, it is necessary to consult a specialist, since such a manifestation may indicate the presence of uterine fibroids, endometriosis.
The methods of diagnosis of menstrual disorders include:
complete blood count, hormone level test,
Ultrasound of the pelvic organs,
vaginal mucosal smear test,
examination of the vagina, cervix with special mirrors, colposcopy and cervical biopsy,
patient's history - the doctor conducts a careful questioning of the patient about the presence of hereditary diseases, previous pathologies and all questions that relate to sexuality and the nature of the menstrual cycle,
according to indications, diagnostic curettage of the uterine cavity is carried out with further histological examination of the resulting endometrial tissues.