The time of pregnancy for a woman becomes very responsible and exciting moment, it is especially acute in the first trimester. After conception, the process of formation of all the vital organs of the baby begins, therefore, any violations of the well-being of the woman require an immediate medical response. Quite a lot of questions appear when a discharge occurs during pregnancy, especially the appearance in the early stages of brown discharge, which can be both a normal physiological manifestation of pregnancy, and evidence of the development of deviations.
Discharge as a normal symptom of pregnancy
After conception, large-scale processes of changing hormonal balance occur in a woman’s body, which is responsible for maintaining pregnancy. These changes have a certain relationship to female secretions. Normally, the lubricant should have the following parameters:
- watery character
- weak intensity
- no smell, itching or burning.
The health of each woman is different, so the expectant mother may notice the appearance of brown or light discharge, most often before the first delay of menstruation. There are various reasons for the appearance of such a symptom, so do not worry in advance. If a woman does not yet know about pregnancy, this symptom may indicate conception and be a body response to fertilization.
Discharge as a sign of fertilization
If a woman is attentive to the various manifestations of her body, she can notice the onset of pregnancy through light brown secretions. But more often this symptom is hardly noticeable, and the future mother will know about the occurrence of pregnancy much later, due to the delay.
Brown discharge in early pregnancy should not cause discomfort to the woman, therefore, they are characterized by the absence of pain, odor or itching, and the intensity depends on the characteristics of the reproductive system. Such secretions are considered to be a normal reaction of the genital organs to the replacement of the hormonal background, which involves the work of the ovaries and the corpus luteum. When the body is completely reconstructed - the discharge will return to its usual form.
When fertilization of the egg occurs, its surface is immediately covered with membrane protection, and it begins to move towards the uterus. This period lasts approximately 1-2 weeks after the moment of conception and is determined by the woman’s own endocrine system. As soon as the egg has reached the uterus, the implantation process begins, in which the integrity of the tissues and vessels of the uterine endometrium is disturbed. Since the process does not cause intense bleeding, the blood has time to clot and the woman notes a brown or light shade of mucus.
Important! If the pregnancy is planned, and the woman noted such discharge in the possible period of embryo implantation, it is necessary to reduce any intensive loads for several days. This will allow the egg to firmly join the endometrium.
Cork formation in the cervix
After fertilization of the egg, the reproductive system forms protection for the future fetus. For this purpose, a plug is created on the basis of dense mucus, which clogs the cervical canal of the cervix. It does not allow penetration of pathogenic microorganisms and antibodies of the mother, and also creates the correct microflora for the growth of the child. In this congestion cervical mucus during pregnancy is periodically updated, which provokes the appearance of brown discharge in the first trimester. Normally, the selection is beige, but sometimes the lubricant becomes brown, the color is regulated by the balance of hormones of the female body.
"Memory" of the reproductive female system
At the normal level, the main hormone of pregnancy, progesterone, usually does not occur during pregnancy. If a woman suffers from a lack of progesterone, a symptom of false menses may be observed. This is due to the "misunderstanding" of the organism of pregnancy and manifests itself in the form of a luminous discharge of brown color. You can notice this symptom during the period when the next menstruation was due.
There is no particular danger of this phenomenon, but it is necessary to consult a doctor in charge and to observe a state of rest these days. A very low progesterone level will adversely affect the course of pregnancy, so the doctor will recommend inpatient monitoring.
For reference! Sometimes this symptom manifests itself in a pregnant woman every month, right up to the moment of delivery.
Pathological brown secretion in a pregnant woman
The appearance of brown discharge in the initial stage of pregnancy can often indicate the development of serious pathological processes. Therefore, in case of various health problems, the future mother should consult with the gynecologist. This will allow timely response to destructive changes and preserve the health of the baby.
Lack of hormone progesterone
Progesterone is responsible for the favorable course of the initial stage of pregnancy, first it is synthesized by the mother's body, and after 16 weeks - the placenta is formed. The lack of progesterone triggers bleeding, the results of which the expectant mother may notice in the form of brown discharge. Possible detachment of endometrial tissue below the attachment of the ovum.
The lack of the required amount of progesterone adversely affects the development of the child and the condition of the woman, often causing miscarriage. The lack of progesterone also causes detachment of the embryo, after which the fetus dies. You can notice the pathology of light brown secretions during pregnancy in the early stages, but if a woman notes the appearance of scarlet color, pulling pain - she should immediately get an appointment with a specialist.
The attachment of the ovum must occur in the upper part of the uterus, which is the correct placement of the fetus. But sometimes it happens in close proximity to the uterine throat - the bridge between the vagina and the uterus.
With a small embryo size, this pathology is not dangerous. When a full-fledged placenta is formed, as well as as the fetus grows, the pressure on the uterus increases, which leads to bleeding and a greater risk of miscarriage or the onset of early labor. Also, pathology can cause a delay in the development or hypoxia of the infant. Therefore, the expectant mother should be under constant medical supervision, and childbirth in this pathology is performed by caesarean section.
This pathology is characterized by the wrong place of implantation of the embryo - either the fetus is attached in the tube, or returned to the ovary, or enters the abdominal cavity. Since the necessary conditions for the development of the fetus are only in the uterus, embryo penetration beyond it is a pathological process and causes bleeding. The growth of the embryo threatens the life of the mother with tissue breaks and blood loss, therefore it requires an urgent appeal to specialists and the removal of the fetus surgically. There is no other treatment for this condition.
If the fetus is attached in the uterus tube, timely removal of the embryo allows the woman to preserve the reproductive organs, otherwise the tube is ruptured and urgent surgical assistance is required.
Intrauterine fetal death
In early pregnancy, it is extremely difficult to determine the presence of chromosomal abnormalities or mutations of the embryo. Fetal dying occurs in the presence of pathologies that are incompatible with life, or under the influence of infections of the reproductive system. Symptomatically manifested in the form of brown discharge during pregnancy in the early stages, the rapid deterioration of health, it is possible a sharp cessation of manifestations of toxemia, raising the temperature.
Important! Since fetal fading excludes the possibility of continuing pregnancy, a woman needs a procedure for curettage of the fetus and further study to determine the cause of the pathology.
Erosion of the neck and microtrauma of the vagina
The inflamed condition of the cells of the cervix called erosion or ectopia of the uterus can cause bleeding during pregnancy. Most often, the appearance of brown mucus occurs after direct contact of tissues with objects, for example, during a gynecological examination or sexual contact. This condition passes within 24 hours and does not require manipulation until the birth of the child. After birth, erosion treatment can be performed.
The appearance of a brown tint in the mucus can signal the beginning of a miscarriage. Bleeding appears as a consequence of the detachment of the ovum, extremely rarely - the placenta. Expectant mother notes the appearance of such symptoms:
- nagging pain,
- weakness and dizziness,
- nausea, vomiting.
If we turn to specialists in time, the process is reversible and the child can be saved. If an open bleeding occurs, the fetus dies, so the pregnancy stops.
Hormonal restructuring of the woman's body contributes to the activation of various ailments of the reproductive system. The appearance of brown discharge in early pregnancy may also indicate the following diseases:
- Endometriosis. Provokes intense mucous ointment with various blood impurities. With muscle tone of the uterus, abundance increases.
- Fibroids, uterine fibroids. Formations of a benign nature are the cause of brown ointments during the onset of the menstrual cycle outside of pregnancy.
- Polyps. Appear on the background of hormonal changes, are the cause of brown discharge from the expectant mother. Often determined at the first inspection and immediately removed.
Important! Diseases with hormonal imbalance directly affect pregnancy. To prevent any negative consequences, a woman should regularly visit a doctor and undergo all the required examinations.
Infectious diseases of the reproductive system
During pregnancy planning, as well as during registration, women undergo a full range of tests for the detection of infectious diseases. Since sexual intercourse is not prohibited for a properly proceeding pregnancy, the danger of infection exists all the time.
If a yellow or green mucus is detected, as well as severe itching, unpleasant odor, or swelling of the genital organs, the woman should undergo the necessary tests and promptly start drug therapy.
Attention! The bulk of pathogenic microorganisms causes destructive genetic changes in the fetus, and pregnancy sometimes fades.
What to do when brown secretions are detected
The future mother any discharge that is different from normal, should be the reason for visiting the doctor. Only a personal examination and test results will determine the cause of the pathology and prescribe treatment.
Immediate medical assistance is required in such situations:
- high bleeding rate
- bright red discharge, the appearance of blood clots,
- pains of a pulling or sharp nature, which can give to the lower back,
- fever, weakness and dizziness.
Any of these symptoms should be the reason for seeking emergency medical care, since the development of pathology at an early stage allows you to maintain the health of the child and continue the course of the pregnancy.
What are the selection during pregnancy in the early stages
Brown discharge during pregnancy can be the norm, because after fertilization (7-12 days), an egg implantation occurs, which accompanies the smears of a creamy consistency, which has no odor. Light brown discharge in early pregnancy is the norm, but if it lasts no more than two days. If the vaginal secretions stand out longer, then you need to consult a doctor.
When an abundant liquid is released from the vagina with a clear smell of blood, an urgent need to contact a gynecologist. Dark brown mucous secretions during early pregnancy are very alarming, as they may indicate pathological processes developing in the uterus. Timely diagnosis, treatment and pastel mode will avoid miscarriage (spontaneous abortion).
What secretions are considered normal
Sometimes there is a brown discharge in the early stages of pregnancy on menstruation days (estimated). This is considered normal if it occurs in the first weeks after fertilization. Yellow-brown discharge during pregnancy may occur in the case when the girl is unaware of conception, perceiving them as a normal early process before menstruation. The norm is secreted dark beige or pale brown liquid in the last trimester, because this is a clear sign of detachment of the placenta before birth.
Many women note that after conception, the amount of excreted fluid from the uterus has increased. Under normal conditions, the vaginal secretion should be as follows:
- transparent or slightly yellow, odorless,
- moderate white or yellowish,
- scanty mucous with a pink shade.
Why go brown discharge
If there were light brown discharge in early pregnancy, this signals a hormonal adjustment. The cervical canal, which is expelled by epithelial cells, connects the vagina and the uterine cavity. Normally, it is filled with a mucous membrane with secretory activity. In the first phase of the monthly cycle, under the influence of estrogen, it creates a transparent substance for better sperm penetration.
After fertilization during the period of attachment of the ovum, the uterine transparent substance may slightly be stained in light colors. If the secreted mucus acquires a darker shade, especially when the process is accompanied by abdominal pain, this is an alarming notification for the woman, requiring immediate consultation from a gynecologist.
When do I need to see a doctor?
When a woman has brown brown discharge in the early period of pregnancy, accompanied by back pain, severe dizziness and vomiting, this means a threat of miscarriage. This deviation develops due to increased male or lack of female hormones. Serious genetic disorders can trigger the pathology, after which the fetus dies in any month. The cause of dark uterine mucus and spontaneous abortion can be:
- Infection. All infectious diseases increase the risk of losing a child.
- Hormonal drugs. Inadequate treatment sometimes leads to abnormal development of the fetus.
- Bad habits. Smoking, regular stress, drinking or overwork are a threat to the baby’s health.
Brownish mucus is often a sign of ectopic fertilization. When the fertilized egg does not fall into the uterus, but into another organ due to adhesions, tortuous fallopian tubes, or other indications, then the rejection of the fetus is inevitable. After attachment, the embryo grows and stretches the fallopian tube or ovary, which are not adapted for such changes, so the organs can tear.
A woman may not be aware of the pathology at all, since, as with normal fertilization, her HCG level rises and her menstrual cycle is delayed. With ectopic fertilization, dark brown mucus is observed in 80% of cases due to rejection of the endometrium, therefore, an appeal to a specialist should occur as a matter of urgency.
What will brown discharge indicate in early pregnancy?
Waiting for a baby is a joyful, but also exciting time. And the latter may be caused by objective reasons, and far-fetched. Future mom will always find a reason to be nervous. One of the troubling circumstances is the brown discharge in early pregnancy. This time is very difficult and can be decisive for the very existence of the fetus.
Do I need to worry about noticing the selection
Inexperienced women are sure that any vaginal discharge will stop going until the end of the pregnancy, and when they realize that they were wrong, they start to panic. The excitement is much more dangerous than the mucus itself, because its origin is completely natural.
In order not to expose yourself and the unborn child to unnecessary risk for a trifling reason, but also not to miss the possible threat, it is worthwhile to determine why the brown discharge in early pregnancy is capable of occurring in principle.
In their assessment, it is not only the fact of appearance that is important, but also the character, the sensations with which they are accompanied, time and periodicity.
Initial symptoms of pregnancy
Often, among the newly discovered features of the organism, there are those that are considered to be signs of pregnancy in the early stages, brown discharge is one of many among them.
They have a light shade, are quite abundant, painless.
Появиться могут до установления факта произошедшего зачатия, являются производным усиления секреторных функций репродуктивных органов и повышения уровня гормонов.
These pale brown discharge in early pregnancy should not have a smell, cause any inconvenience. And they also disappear rather quickly as soon as the organism adapts to the existence of the embryo in it.
Pregnancy and monthly
No matter how ridiculous this phrase looked, it is similar, although rare, but it does occur. Conception occurs only at a certain stage of development of the female germ cell, that is, when it has matured. It happens around the middle between menstruations. And the following critical days after fertilization at normal times are impossible.
But this is if the egg was the only one. And when two female gametes mature at the same time, one connects with the sperm, the second cannot disappear without a trace. In a few days, an unfertilized egg degrades, disintegrates, forming a yellow body.
This set of tissues creates a slightly modified hormonal background, which provokes the secretion of brown in the early stage of pregnancy. They contain a small amount of blood, as well as cervical mucus, the tissues of the inner lining of the uterus.
All this is similar to the precursors of ordinary menstruation, but it ends much faster.
After the embryo penetrates into the main female organ, it needs to consolidate there. After all, this place will become its abode to the very birth, as well as a means for development and a source of food. The tiny fetal egg is still screwed into the uterine mucosa, which by this time takes on the appearance of a porous, loose cloth.
The endometrium is full of blood vessels, their number and size growing to provide acceptable conditions for the embryo to exist. Hitting the ovum in its thickness is impossible without damaging a part of them. This causes a spotting brown discharge in early pregnancy. They last ten hours, a maximum of two days.
During the implantation of the ovum, there is no noticeable pain, in the worst case, there is a pulling sensation.
If you were planning to conceive, then with the appearance of smearing brown discharge, limit yourself to sudden movements, as well as having sex, do not take a hot bath and do not douche! Allow time for the egg cell to firmly fix inside.
The entire reproductive system begins to work for the safety of the fetus. The same is done by the cervix, which at this stage increases the volume of mucus. It is required to overlap the cervical canal, that is, access to the uterine cavity by unwanted microorganisms, as well as maintain the vaginal flora.
Mucus is also a sign of an increase in progesterone blood. Separating a certain number of cells from the cork and provokes a light brown discharge in early pregnancy. They are painless, do not bring any other discomfort.
A brownish tint does not give them blood, it is a natural color for some types of cervical mucus.
"Memory" of the reproductive system
The beginning of pregnancy entails changes in hormonal balance. Primary value belongs to progesterone. But for the development of the process without problems, especially in its beginning, the hormone is not always enough.
Its slight deficiency entails occasional brown discharge in early pregnancy. They are recorded in the period when the onset of critical days was expected. It is not dangerous if you abide by the regime, be especially careful in this period.
Some women have similar discharge at the end of an early period, which does not prevent them from bearing and giving birth normally.
The majority of pregnant women, fixing them in themselves, when measuring the concentration of hormones showed an increase in testosterone. This requires adequate treatment, in some cases in the hospital department. If you are worried about the nature of the appearance of discharge, it will not be superfluous to go to a gynecologist and establish the reason for their appearance.
When you need to be careful
The causes of brown discharge in early pregnancy are not in every case natural.
There are many pathological circumstances that can interfere with normal gestation, if not adjusted. Some doom the fetus to unconditional death, for fear of seeing a doctor.
But a woman in almost all negative situations can be saved without depriving the chances of a happy pregnancy in the future.
The cervix is covered with a very delicate layer of epithelium, which is easily damaged or changes its structure. On the body formed erosive stains. Pregnancy due to a hormonal explosion carried by the reproductive system contributes to this. But often erosion appears even before it, but it is necessary to get rid of the disease after childbirth.
The damaged epithelium is not a hindrance, but it can be the culprit of a woman seeing a small brown discharge in early pregnancy.
Most often they are contact, that is, in contact with the erosion of the instrument during the inspection or sexual organ during sex. If the mucus is not released immediately after that, the blood has time to oxidize and give them that color.
To avoid contact discharge, the doctor may recommend to give up sex for a couple of weeks, and then be more careful with physical closeness.
Features of attachment of the ovum
This is not about the process itself, which will take a little time, but about the localization of the ovum. Sometimes it chooses a point too close to the uterine cervix. And since the embryo is attached with the help of the villi of the shell, they will then touch this part of the organ. In the future, the volume of tissue around it will increase, which will cause mucous brown discharge in early pregnancy.
Peeling of the ovum
Due to the lack of progesterone or other hormonal deficiency, the villi that hold the embryo to the uterine tissue can weaken and slowly separate. At the same time brownish-pink discharge will be observed in the early stages of pregnancy. This condition is already threatening for the ovum. Detachment of the embryo is accompanied by vascular damage, which makes the color of mucus diverse (from bright red to brown). Its consistence too happens unequal. If pain is also present, the risk of interruption increases.
The development of the embryo for various reasons sometimes stops. How to deal with this, medicine has not yet come up with. And it is quite difficult to calculate a frozen pregnancy up to 5 weeks. The heartbeat of the embryo is not fixed yet, so the woman has to focus only on her feelings. It is possible to suspect its developmental stop if:
- there was a scant brown discharge in early pregnancy,
- underwent toxicosis
- mammary glands became soft and decreased to the previous volume,
- drowsiness characteristic of the first trimester has passed.
With this diagnosis, there is no one to save, except the woman herself. Fortunately, it is rare, once a thousand cases of successful pregnancy. With the full form of malaise in the uterus, there is a set of cells that are similar in chromosomes to the father and without any hints on the mother. No miracle of medicine will make them a healthy child. And if liquid brown discharge is noticed in the early stages of pregnancy, we can talk about the treatment of a woman. Perhaps she needs to do scraping.
Doctors call other manifestations of a full blistering:
- nausea and vomiting
- raising the body temperature
- quick shading of bloody discharge.
Far from all pregnancies end in childbirth, especially if a woman is not taken care of, or there are circumstances that can interfere with the normal course of the process. Interruption is more often at its initial stage, when the embryo is most defenseless. If an abundant brown discharge comes in early pregnancy, this may be the main indicator of the onset of a miscarriage. They pass with grasping pains, daubs, and then the color becomes bloody.
In the early stage of pregnancy, an incomplete miscarriage more often occurs when the embryo slips out of the uterus, but the fragments remain inside. They must be removed with the help of a cleaning cavity, otherwise the woman risks bleeding.
Norm or pathology?
Normally, vaginal discharge during pregnancy should be:
- transparent or dairy,
- without a strong unpleasant smell
- without impurities of pus and blood,
- without unpleasant sensations (itching, pain, burning).
After conception, the vaginal secretion increases, becomes thick and viscous. This is considered to be completely normal and speaks of the safe course of pregnancy. Staining the discharge of brown color indicates the development of bleeding. With strong and fresh bleeding, the discharge will be scarlet, with weak and old bleeding - brown. Bleeding is also indicated by the appearance of red and brown veins in the urine and vaginal secretions on the daily strip.
Brown discharge in early pregnancy is an alarming symptom that signals serious problems in the female body. Implantation bleeding may be the only physiological cause of brown vaginal discharge. All other situations require mandatory examination and treatment by a gynecologist. The appearance of brown, scarlet or pink vaginal discharge is a reason to consult a doctor as soon as possible and find the cause of this condition.
It is believed that in the early stages of pregnancy, menstruation is possible. It is believed that in the first trimester appear brown and scarlet discharge at about the same time when the next menstrual bleeding should have passed. This phenomenon is called "washing the fetus." It is important to remember: there is no such term in obstetrics. The washing of the fetus is none other than progesterone deficiency or a miscarriage that has begun. Any of these situations threaten the course of pregnancy and requires the obligatory help of a gynecologist.
After meeting with the sperm cell, the fertilized egg moves through the fallopian tubes into the uterine cavity. The process takes 7-8 days, after which implantation occurs - the introduction of the ovum into the wall of the uterus. During implantation, the integrity of the endometrial mucous layer is disrupted, small blood vessels are destroyed. A scanty brown or red discharge from the genital tract appears in the form of small spots on the pad, underwear, or toilet paper.
Implant bleeding is always scanty, lasts no more than 3 days and is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- weak pulling pain in the lower abdomen,
- increased natural vaginal discharge
- breast engorgement.
All of these symptoms occur in early pregnancy and are associated with the effects of progesterone on the woman’s body. Nausea and vomiting (toxicosis) may occur. Sharp changes in mood, frequent urination, and perversion of taste preferences are very characteristic. After 2-3 days the bleeding ends, and the subjective symptoms of pregnancy increase with the increase in its duration.
Implant bleeding is absolutely normal during pregnancy. No treatment required. When enhancing brown secretions, you must consult a doctor.
Progesterone is a hormone that ensures the conception and gestation of the fetus throughout pregnancy. Up to 16 weeks, progesterone is intensively produced by the maternal organism, then this function is assumed by the placenta. Lack of progesterone in early pregnancy leads to the development of bleeding and the appearance of brown discharge from the genital tract. Endometrial detachment occurs without affecting the attachment of the ovum. This phenomenon is called "washing the fetus." Quite often, brown discharge appears on the days of the proposed menstruation - the so-called critical periods for the development of the embryo.
Progesterone deficiency is a condition that is dangerous for a woman and her baby. Lack of progesterone can lead to spontaneous miscarriage in early pregnancy. Deficiency of the most important hormone provokes not only the discharge of the endometrium, but also the detachment of the ovum. If the brown discharge increases, turning into scarlet with clots, it is urgent to see a gynecologist.
Regressing (undeveloped, frozen) pregnancy is a condition in which the embryo dies, but the uterus for one reason or another does not contract. The dead embryo remains in the uterus, which can lead to the development of massive bleeding and sepsis. Brown discharge in this pathology appears 2-4 weeks after the death of the embryo. When pregnancy regresses, other symptoms also occur:
- the sudden disappearance of the subjective signs of pregnancy (nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, taste perversion, etc.),
- decrease in the size of the mammary glands,
- pulling pains in the abdomen,
- increase in body temperature (3-4 weeks after the death of the embryo).
During regression, the mother's body is not able to get rid of the dead fetus. The only way to prevent bleeding and the development of infection is to make curettage of the uterus and aspiration of the ovum. The procedure is performed under local or general anesthesia. Other early methods are not applicable.
Ectopia or erosion is a condition in which a defect forms on the cervix. Erosion is the true defect of the mucous membrane as a result of injury or inflammation. Ectopia occurs when the cylindrical epithelium of the cervical canal passes to the vaginal part of it. In either case, brown discharge occurs when a cervical injury occurs (mainly after intercourse or examination in the mirrors on the gynecological chair).
Pathology of the cervix may not manifest itself for a long time. Ectopia is often a random finding during examination during pregnancy. It is possible to assess the size and nature of the defect during colposcopy (examination of the cervix under magnification). Treatment is carried out after the birth of the child.
A polyp coming from the cervical canal is another possible cause of brown vaginal discharge. Discharge usually occur after intercourse. Polyp treatment is only surgical. Removal of education is carried out after the birth of the child. After removal, the polyp is sent for mandatory histological examination to rule out cancer.
The decidual polyp deserves special attention. This formation grows out of the decidual membrane of the ovum and occurs only during pregnancy. No treatment required. The decidual polyp goes along with the placenta in the third stage of labor.
What to do?
Brown discharge of any intensity is a must-see to the doctor. Only after examination and examination the doctor will be able to establish the cause of this condition and prescribe treatment. To clarify the diagnosis, transvaginal ultrasound is performed. According to the testimony appointed by other studies (hormonal profile, colposcopy).
Situations in which the help of a doctor is required immediately:
- increased bleeding,
- the appearance of scarlet heavy discharge with clots
- severe pain in the lower abdomen, lower back, perineum,
- severe weakness, dizziness, fainting.
If any of these symptoms occur, you should immediately contact your doctor or call an ambulance.
Small brown discharge in early pregnancy
The occurrence of discharge is likely for any woman who has decided to become a mother. However, in some cases this is the norm, and in some cases it is pathological. Therefore, the appearance of discharge is always a reason to go to a doctor.
Such secretions do not have an unpleasant smell and are not accompanied by pain. If these symptoms are present, then problems must be identified.
After all, it is better to be safe when everything is in order than to lose a child because of insufficient attention to your own health.
Very often, small brown secretions during pregnancy appear due to the "activity" of progesterone - the female sex hormone. It affects the quality of the functioning of the reproductive system of the female body and makes itself felt just mucous brown secretions during pregnancy.
It happens at the moment of conception and can be observed throughout the weeks allotted for carrying. The longer the term, the more fluid the excreta.
Sometimes women go to the doctor with a complaint about their intense nature and suspicion of infection, but it turns out that not only progesterone but also estrogen is involved. It is the last hormone that thins mucus, so it gets bigger. As a rule, more intense brown discharge during pregnancy appears after 13 weeks.
If during pregnancy, small brown discharge has a smell and sometimes changes color, then the doctor recommends that the woman be examined. At best, progesterone excess will be detected, i.e. hormone corrective therapy will be required. At worst - cervical erosion, an infectious disease, or even the threat of miscarriage.
Эрозию шейки матки беременным женщинам обычно не лечат до родов. Often it goes away itself when hormonal background stabilizes. Another thing, if the inflammatory condition due to the presence of infection - conditional pathogenic microflora or venereal diseases. In these cases, at an early stage of pregnancy with brown secretions have to fight dramatically. After all, otherwise, there is a high risk of the birth of an infected and therefore weakened or having serious baby pathology.
Early gestational brown secretions can show in those days when a woman had a period before conception. Typically, this phenomenon is hormonal in nature and does not require treatment.
Without it, it can not do if the doctor finds a threat of miscarriage. Or the fact that the ovum develops not in the uterus, but in the cavity of the fallopian tube. With an early appeal to a specialist, the prognosis is good.
- Discharge of mucus plug
What are the vaginal discharge before pregnancy and during pregnancy
Discharge from the vagina of any woman, even those who have not yet entered into sexual intercourse, are a kind of indicator of the health of her sexual sphere. If the woman is healthy, the discharge is transparent or faded - odorless yellow, liquid or mucous.
In the middle of the menstrual cycle, their number increases due to changes in hormonal levels during ovulation. With unprotected intercourse, the amount of discharge also increases dramatically. It is impossible to artificially “dry” the vagina, the body itself knows what to do. In addition, an increase in secretions is possible in the first days after conception and in the last days before the birth itself.
During pregnancy, very often, many women experience brown secretions.
Norm brown discharge during pregnancy
Brown discharge during pregnancy is not always a cause for concern. Normally, within 12 days after fertilization, the egg enters the uterus, where it is attached to its wall, and the process of implantation takes place. This period is accompanied by secretions of light brown or pink cream-like consistency. Most women often take them for the onset of menstruation.
However, you should pay attention to the duration and color of the discharge. If they are long (more than a couple of days) and dark brown with the smell of blood, you should contact your gynecologist.
Brown discharge can be observed during the first months of pregnancy in those days when the woman must begin the period of menstruation. This spotting is light brown. This process is caused by hormonal changes in the woman's body, and most often such discharges are not accompanied by pain or unpleasant sensations, but you should be warned to your gynecologist who accompanies the pregnancy.
Spontaneous abortion threat (miscarriage)
With the threat of spontaneous abortion (as doctors call it a miscarriage), brown vaginal discharge is one of the signs. Miscarriage occurs before the twentieth week of pregnancy and occurs for a number of reasons:
- The presence of diseases of the urogenital sphere of an infectious or inflammatory nature (pyelonephritis, endometriosis, toxoplasmosis, etc.),
- Interruption of previous pregnancies (especially the first)
- Heavy physical work pregnant
- Rhesus-conflict of mother and fetus ("negative" mother and "positive" fetus),
- Genetic disorders.
In the uterus, the fertilized egg already attached to its wall exfoliates, causing bloody discharge. By brown discharge, a woman may experience nagging pain in the lower abdomen, dizziness and vomiting. In such cases, an urgent hospitalization of the woman is necessary.
First of all, drug treatment will be aimed at preserving pregnancy, and a woman is prescribed strict bed rest in a hospital. In critical cases, when the threat of miscarriage cannot be avoided, early scraping of the walls of the uterus is performed.
In later periods, miscarriage actually occurs as a childbirth, a woman is given injections of drugs that stimulate uterine contraction or surgery. In any case, if a pregnant woman has a dark-brown discharge, spasmodic pain in the lower abdomen, it is necessary to call an ambulance and hospitalize.
Presence of the disease
Not infrequently, both in the early and in the later stages of pregnancy, one can observe brown discharge in the case of a disease of the internal genital organs of a woman. Such secretions may be accompanied by cervical erosion. Unfortunately, the idea that pregnancy saves a woman from women's diseases is far from the truth. A body weakened by pregnancy, on the contrary, is more susceptible to various negative factors.
Cervical erosion is the appearance of one or several small wounds on the mucosal surface. The causes of this disease are several:
- Due to sexually transmitted diseases.
- Inflammations of the female genital organs, in particular the vagina.
- In case of injury (abortion, childbirth, sexual intercourse with the use of brute force, etc.).
Usually it is asymptomatic and has no particular effect on the course of pregnancy, as well as the birth process itself. One of its symptoms may be the same brown discharge. In this case, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist, who will select a gentle treatment that does not harm the fetus. But it must be remembered that after birth, erosion treatment should be continued, since the presence of this disease increases the risk of cervical cancer.
Another disease in which there may be a brown discharge is uterine fibroids. Although myoma is a benign tumor, it can put pressure on a growing pregnancy and provoke a miscarriage. Myoma is not a contraindication of pregnancy, although it is much more difficult to get pregnant with myoma.
A pregnant woman, in the history of which before pregnancy was fibroid, must be registered as early as possible in the antenatal clinic and follow all the instructions of the doctors. In cases of a large tumor, a woman is sent to a hospital where she is under constant medical supervision.
This can happen in the period from conception to the twenty-eighth week of pregnancy. The danger is that in the early stages, when the woman still does not feel the jolts of the baby, the missed abortion may not be felt for a long time. The frozen fetus, which is in the uterus for a long time, causes intoxication of the organism and, as a result, DIC is very dangerous for a woman - a syndrome (deseminated intravascular coagulation).
Symptoms of missed abortion can be: frequent brown discharge with mucus, fever, vomiting, loss of consciousness. On ultrasound, the doctor finds a discrepancy between the size of the uterus and cardiac arrest in the fetus.
In this case, the woman is sent to a hospital and medically causes a contraction of the uterus (artificially induced labor). Unfortunately, the life of the future baby can not be saved.
Sexual contact, vaginal ultrasound
If the gynecologist who accompanies the pregnancy does not prohibit sex in the third trimester, then after intercourse you can observe a slight light brown or pink discharge. This suggests that the cervix is possibly injured. The cervix, in preparation for future childbirth, becomes loose, susceptible to any impact. Sexual intercourse or vaginal ultrasound prescribed by a doctor can trigger such a discharge.
Discharge of mucus plug
Two to three weeks before the due date of labor, a woman can observe vaginal discharge. Their color can be different, from pink to dark brown. This is not a disease or pathology. This is the discharge of mucus plug and suggests that childbirth will begin soon. In this case, do not panic, but call your doctor and report this information. The doctor will tell you what to do next.
In any case, if a pregnant woman noticed vaginal discharge, yellow, pink, brown, and at the same time experiencing discomfort, pulling pain in the lower abdomen, you should not tempt fate. It is imperative to call an ambulance and wait for her to arrive in a prone position with legs raised high. You must comply with all the requirements of doctors and timely pass the necessary examinations. You should not risk your health and life of the future baby.
Early gestation: brown discharge
Early gestation and brown discharge quite likely. In the early stages of pregnancy, brown secretions can appear in absolutely every woman who has decided to become a mother. Pregnancy is a very important period both in the life of a woman and her future child. It is important to listen to the state of your own body and, when the first disturbing signs appear (including brown discharge), contact a competent doctor. Quite often, experiences occur due to a wide variety of secretions occurring during pregnancy. Let's try to figure out which of them are considered the norm, and which ones can be a real cause for concern.
What are the whitish, yellowish or brown discharge during pregnancy
It should be remembered that in every woman's body there is a hormone progesterone. Here, in fact, it affects to a greater extent the functioning of the female genital sphere, especially brightly in the early stages. Progesterone provokes the appearance of mucous discharge almost immediately at the moment of conception.
And from about the thirteenth week a lot of people notice enough abundant transparent and even brown discharge, without odor, which is caused by the effect of estrogen, it is he who dilutes the discharge and makes them so abundant than the early gestational age is characterized.
The color of the discharge may change over time and become yellowish or even beige. This is due, primarily, to the fact that the body in the early stages strongly lack hormones. Because of these secretions, you can not worry if the brown discharge does not have a smell. If there is a change in color and odor, the doctor may recommend testing for progesterone, and then a course of treatment.
When the discharge is brown but serous and appears only in those days when there were menses before pregnancy, this is directly connected with this phenomenon.
In all other cases, the appearance of brown discharge during pregnancy (especially - early periods) should lead you to a competent gynecologist.
Brown discharge during pregnancy is triggered by the threat of miscarriage.
If the attached egg of egg is slightly separated from the walls of the uterus, then a certain volume of blood may leak, which provokes brownish discharge. That is a serious threat of abortion. These secretions may be accompanied by weakness, in some cases, even pain.
Doctor's recommendations (early pregnancy and brown discharge)
During a visit to the doctor, it will be revealed whether there is a threat of ectopic pregnancy, because it also forms these symptoms as brownish discharge. If this diagnosis was not confirmed, then treatment is prescribed to prevent the risk of miscarriage and full rest is attributed, as well as bed rest. Usually, all medical procedures help to correct the situation. It is important until the last day of pregnancy very carefully refers to their own condition and health.
Brown discharge in early pregnancy
The waiting period of the child is very important in the life of any woman. During this period, the body of a pregnant woman is more than ever full of mystery and unpredictability, and sometimes there are processes that are difficult to explain even to a qualified obstetrician. And, nevertheless, there are such phenomena that should always alarm the woman - this is brown or bloody discharge. The reasons for their appearance at different periods differ, but the consequences (if not treated on time) are almost always the same - miscarriage or premature birth. Therefore, it is very important, if you observe something similar in yourself, to contact a doctor as a matter of urgency.
Let us consider in more detail the causes and consequences of the appearance of brown or bloody discharge at different stages of pregnancy.
Causes of brown discharge
After conception, on the 6-12 day, the fertilized egg reaches its future location and begins to attach to the wall of the uterus. This period is called implantation, and it is at this time that a woman, who often does not know about the pregnancy, can notice beige or pink discharge and take them for early periods. If such secretions are replaced by dark brown, then this can be a very disturbing sign.
It also happens that the brown "daub" appears in the coming months on the days of the alleged menstruation. The reason for this - a violation of hormonal levels. But when a woman in the early stages of pregnancy feels aching pain in the lower abdomen, which are accompanied by brown secretions, she should immediately see a doctor. Timely treatment and strict bed rest will help to avoid abortion.
Another possible reason for the appearance of discharge may be missed abortion. During the ultrasound examination, the fetal heartbeat is absent (after 4-5 weeks of gestation). In this case, the gynecologist suggests making curettage of the uterus in order to avoid the development of the inflammatory process.
In later periods, the occurrence of such discharge may indicate placenta previa. If the placenta is located very close to the cervix, then the uterus growing during pregnancy violates the integrity of the vessels in the upper layers of the placenta, this may be the cause of small secretions. However, with placenta previa, there is a possibility of premature detachment. It is very dangerous for the life of the child and for the life of the mother. Therefore, if a woman in the late stages of pregnancy has cramping abdominal pain, which is accompanied by bleeding, an urgent need to contact a specialized clinic.
Another reason for the appearance of brown or streaked blood discharge in the later periods is the discharge of the plug. This is one of the harbingers of childbirth. It is difficult to say the exact time of birth of the baby (it can take from several minutes to a couple of weeks before the birth begins).
In any case, in order not to risk one’s health and the child (and sometimes even life), when bleeding occurs, it is imperative that you see the gynecologist and get comprehensive information about your health.
Very often the cause of brown secretions in women of reproductive age can be human papillomavirus. They are released by increasing the level of the hormone estrogen and the abundant blood flow to the vaginal area. Also, the presence of such secretions may indicate infection of the woman and the ongoing inflammatory process.
Sometimes the bloody daub indicates to an experienced doctor hormonal disruptions in the woman’s body, often caused by stress, irregular sex life, uncontrolled medication, especially hormonal.
In any case, an appeal to a gynecologist gives positive results. Sometimes it is enough to examine a woman and a simple swab from the vagina to make a correct diagnosis and prescribe adequate treatment in time to avoid complications. Sometimes it will be necessary to undergo a series of examinations in the laboratory in order to identify the cause of brown secretions.
Unfortunately, often brown discharge and bloody "daub" may indicate the development of ectopic pregnancy. In most cases, the woman is unaware of her condition. Such discharge indicates that the pregnancy will be interrupted soon. Very often, a growing fetal egg can cause a fallopian tube and bleeding. Severe abdominal pain, dizziness, general weakness, loss of consciousness and brown or bloody discharge all indicate that you need to immediately contact the hospital for help. In such cases, surgery will be required. Seeing a doctor at the first symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy gives a chance to preserve the reproductive function of a woman and undergo a quick rehabilitation after surgery.
How to behave when secretions
When a woman begins to have brown discharge in early pregnancy, and she cannot determine their nature, emergency help should be called.
This is all the more necessary to do if pain or other painful symptoms are felt. Until medical assistance arrives, she should lie down with her legs on a slight elevation.
Pose should be comfortable. With pain, you can take an antispasmodic.
If the discharge does not cause anything but excitement, you need to go to the examination to the doctor. Пусть все сомнения развеет специалист, чем мучиться в неизвестности и дожидаться настоящей угрозы для беременности. Тем более нельзя пить самостоятельно лекарства. Выбрать нужное наугад невозможно, а лишнее навредит плоду и может спровоцировать реальную угрозу.
Brown discharge seen in early pregnancy, can not be interpreted unequivocally. And therefore it is worth leaving this duty to your doctor.
And the woman herself should do everything possible for a safe carrying that cannot be entrusted to anyone: observe the regimen, drink vitamins, do not be nervous, do not refuse hospitalization.
Now there is every chance for a healthy child to be born even under very problematic initial conditions.
Brown discharge as the primary symptom of pregnancy
Light brown discharge during pregnancy refers to a small number of symptoms, which can be suspected conception before the onset of delay. But most women do not even notice this "bell" and learn about pregnancy a little later.
Such discharge should be painless, light brown, odorless. They are caused by an increase in the amount of hormones that are actively producing the ovaries and corpus luteum. They can be abundant or very scarce, it all depends on the characteristics of the secretory function of the female body. Discharge disappears as soon as the body “gets used” to the embryo.
Implantation of a fertilized egg
As soon as the spermatozoon penetrates the egg cell, it is immediately closed by a dense membrane and “sent” to the uterus through the fallopian tubes. Such a journey takes on average 7-12 days from the moment of ovulation, while the duration of this process is individual and depends on the hormonal background of the woman.
When the fertilized egg reaches its destination, it is implanted in the superior endometrial balloon. So that the embryo can firmly consolidate, the endometrium under the influence of progesterone becomes quite loose. Embryo introduction causes micro-ruptures of the uterine mucosa, which provokes brown discharge.
In normal brown daub can last no more than two days.
Important! If you are planning a pregnancy, and brown discharge coincides with the possible date of implantation, be sure to limit physical and psychological stress for a couple of days. So the embryo can more reliably attach in the uterus.
Mucus plug in the cervix
As soon as conception occurs, the reproductive center of the woman begins to actively protect the embryo from infections, antibodies of the mother and harmful substances. To do this, the cervix begins to reproduce thick mucus, which tightly clogs the cervical canal in the cervix.
This helps prevent the entry of pathogenic microorganisms into the uterus and stabilize the vaginal microflora that is comfortable for the woman. The mucus plug periodically separates the old cells and causes these brown discharge during pregnancy in the early stages.
These secretions can be from light beige to dark brown, depending on the level of progesterone in the body.
Violation of the attachment of the ovum
Special villi help the fetal egg through the fallopian tubes, which throw it like a ball. When the embryo enters the uterine cavity, it must be fixed in its upper part with the help of a trophoblast. If the female hormonal system fails, the fertilized egg may take the wrong position close to the fallopian pharynx.
As the fetus grows, the trophoblast will expand and form the placenta. An abnormal placental location will cause nagging pains and brown discharge from the woman. This condition in obstetric practice is called placenta previa.
This requires treatment and constant monitoring, since the woman has a long-term risk of miscarriage and premature birth.
Genital System Infections
At the planning stage or when registering women are required to be tested for infections that are sexually transmitted.
But, normally proceeding pregnancy does not prohibit sex, therefore the risk of “catching up” the infection is always present. You can suspect the problem of secretions of dark yellow, sometimes green.
They are accompanied by intolerable itching, burning sensation, hyperemia of the external genital organs and a terrible putrid odor.
Important! Most pathogenic bacteria and viruses can cause genetic abnormalities in the fetus and fade of pregnancy. If you have brown discharge for a week during pregnancy or longer, be sure to contact your doctor to determine their nature.
Fertilized egg cell detachment
Progesterone deficiency reduces the ability of the ovum to remain on the wall of the uterus. The detachment of the embryo causes microtraumas of the blood vessels that begin to bleed.
Therefore, a woman notices discharge with different color intensity. They may be dark brown or scarlet.
If the woman feels pain with brown secretions during pregnancy, this may indicate a threatened miscarriage.
Chromosomal abnormalities that are incompatible with life or genital infections often cause the embryo to freeze. It is quite difficult to determine this fact before the 4–5 gestational week, so it remains to rely on the sensations of a woman. Suspected pregnancy fading can be due to poor brown discharge, poor health and abruptly discontinued toxicosis.
On a note! It is impossible to preserve a pregnancy after it fades, so a woman undergoes gynecological curettage followed by a histological examination of the embryo. It helps to establish the cause of his death and eliminate it.
Brown discharge - norm or pathology
Light brown discharge during pregnancy is usually painless and does not have odors. But this fact may be the first weak signal of the coming strong and happy changes in life.
When a sperm cell enters the egg, ovulation occurs, the membrane closes the cell and the egg begins to move through the tubes into the uterus. It moves with the help of special villi, throwing it like a ball. The path is not near is overcome in each individual case in different ways, more precisely from 7 to 12 days. Having reached a certain place of nature, the fetal cell is embedded in the mucous tissue of the uterus. In this life-affirming advancement, small tears of tissues can occur, and as a result a scanty light brown color is formed. The normal implementation process can take about 2 days. The scanty brown discharge in early pregnancy disappears along with the addiction of the maternal organs to the fetus.
Immediately after conception, the female center for reproduction takes the embryo under its protection. Thick mucus is reproduced in the cervix to block the access of infections, various kinds of harmful substances and maternal antibodies. Stable comfortable environment in the vagina. The stopper from the mucus sometimes removes old cells, these are the very brown discharge when pregnancy in the initial stage.
A woman wants to know about the causes of brown smudge during pregnancy. Partial severity correlates with gestational age. The so-called suspicious secretions can appear for a variety of reasons and are outwardly characterized in different ways.
When you need to be attentive
Dark discharge during pregnancy in the early stages may appear as a result of slight detachment of the ovum from the uterine wall. In such places a hematoma may occur, the contents of which is released as a discharge to the outside. With a similar phenomenon, you need to consult a doctor.
A pregnancy hormone called progesterone by nature is designated to support the development of pregnancy in accordance with accepted norms. With a shortage of this substance, the female body does not respond adequately to its pregnancy. Then, on certain days of the planned menstruation, the woman is given different stains staining the laundry. This condition is within the normal range, brown discharge in this case does not cause a threat, but it is better to stay in bed on such days. Some women, up to the birth, undergo such unpleasant moments. It is impossible not to take into account another circumstance as the development of a fertilized cell outside the body of the uterus.
In pregnancy, dark discharge can signal a lot. Dark brown color prompts the woman to hurry to the specialist. There are many guesses about this, a lot of questions. It is clear that the selection has specific differences, but it is not clear why the color becomes dark brown.
It turns out that the simplest rules of hygiene, if violated, can change the balance of acid and alkaline content in the vagina. From here comes an annoying smell. This problem is solved by quality care of their external organs. The secretion on the eve of menstruation is stained in dark color. In view of the changes that have occurred in the organism, insignificant discharges appear instead of menstruation, which cease soon. The use of contraceptives acts on hormones, which gives such a color.
It happens, and this, when the embryo stops development, dies. The egg cell, while still in the uterus, begins to peel off from its walls. This may be accompanied by pain, the feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen will periodically remind of itself.
Further development of the fetus depends largely on the placental location. If the egg has taken the wrong position, then the brownish secretions can not get rid of. Placement of the placenta (the so-called condition) is due to nagging pain during this period. The earlier a woman turns to specialists, the greater the chances of a successful completion of pregnancy. The risk of miscarriage is always preserved, it can not be neglected. Abundant rejection can warn of preterm labor. To avoid black days, you need to take health seriously, listen to your feelings and keep in constant touch with your doctor.
Causes of discharge in the first trimester of pregnancy
To make it easier to navigate the ongoing weirdness in the body, it would be nice to know about the initial signs of pregnancy. If the pregnancy is planned, then the body is in the zone of particular picky attention. Here even the most subtle changes are tracked. And the first signs may be:
- minor bleeding,
- frequent moments of weakness
- increase thermometer performance
- increase in breast volume, aggravation of its sensitivity,
- appeared lethargy, fatigue and absent-mindedness - these are signals of the embryo origin,
- weak generations inside the body of the uterus,
- taste preferences, the rejection of certain odors, the urge to nausea and vomiting,
- pain in the head,
- increased secretion of the salivary glands
- lumbar pains
- urge to urinate,
- delay of menstruation.
It is not necessary to tune into the fact that all the symptoms will appear immediately. Some of these changes may not occur.
A woman has entered a new phase of her life, in which a strong hormonal adjustment takes place. Her psychological and emotional background has been updated. In this regard, in the early gestational age, the vaginal compartments also characteristically change.
They are characterized by a meager amount, but rather long in time. Most often, the observed phenomena do not pose a threat to the health of the expectant mother or the developing fetus. However, it is necessary to trace such processes.
Hormonal background is easily compromised, fertile conditions are created for the occurrence of various sexual diseases. Brown discharge during pregnancy is characteristic of some diseases:
- hormone-dependent uterine tumors,
- tumor formations called polyps
- endometriosis, which induces the cells of the inner layer of the uterine wall to grow.
In the so-called implantation period, the eruptions have a distinctive feature. They do not attract much attention, since no odor is detected, there are no pains and an itching disturbance. All of these hormone-dependent diseases can provoke a breakdown or death of a baby in the womb. During pregnancy in the early stages, external stimuli, even simple supercooling sometimes give irreversible results. The development of the fetus is affected by any unfavorable conditions of life of the mother.
Early gestation in combination with brown secretions do not leave the opportunity to engage in self-diagnosis. The slightest suspicion of well-being, discomfort in the genital area - this is the reason for immediate treatment to specialists. To save the baby is the most important task of such an interesting and responsible life cycle.
What is dangerous in the second trimester of pregnancy?
Any vaginal eruptions cause strong discomfort for women and are often not without reason scary, if it is associated with carrying a baby. The situation creates tension when at the very beginning everything was fine, but then in the second trimester, discharge began to appear suddenly. Let them be completely not dangerous, but you need to take this manifestation seriously, this is an alarming evidence of a failure in health.
The concentration of estrogen (steroid female sex hormones) increases in the mother’s blood at this time. Due to hormonal transformations, odorless and colorless mucous secretions appear. In this case, the woman does not feel any burning or itching. There is a normal process of fetal development. Although in this state it is impossible to be indifferent to abundant outpourings, it may mean infiltration of the amniotic fluid. Need a doctor's advice.
Causes of brown discharge during pregnancy may be in the beginning of placental abruption, which is characterized by:
- bleeding from the uterus,
- tension in the body of the uterus,
- impaired cardiac activity of the fetus.
The female body reacts to violations, there are dull pains in the abdomen, which are given in the lumbar, pelvic or thighs. The examination feels sore in the uterus, it is in a tense state. With significant detachment (1 quarter) begin heart failure in a child. The situation is dangerous oxygen starvation of the fetus. With the detachment of 50% of the placenta, fetal death occurs inside the womb.
In the 2nd trimester, features are observed, and the light brown discharge during pregnancy is due to the development of cervical epithelium damage, as well as infections that have penetrated the reproductive system. Pathological changes are accompanied by typical pains on time and upon completion of sexual intercourse. The proximity provokes the appearance of ichor brown shade. It is necessary to pass an additional examination.
Absolutely atypical vaginal secretion in the second trimester can cause the loss of a child. The natural protective barrier of the mother's body is high, the baby is protected by the placenta from infections. Danger comes not only from infection, outflow of amniotic fluid is no less dangerous. In such circumstances, the decision is made by a specialist.
Causes of discharge time independent
There are many questions about vaginal secretion. In the normal course of pregnancy, there should be no particular concerns for the expectant mother. But in modern environmentally complicated and psychologically tense conditions, the number of women who have a high reproductive threshold decreases. Symptoms of ill health are manifested in different ways. Brown discharge during pregnancy is one of them. Sometimes they become a dangerous signal. In each case there are specific reasons for such manifestations.
This brown-colored secretion is very troubling for future moms. The reason is that the brown or brown color is the essence of the blood, which is in special concentration. Terms in this situation do not affect the provocative factors.
Erosion processes tend to bleed, secreted secretion (ichor) has a characteristic light brown shade. After a gynecological examination or sexual intimacy, a bloody or even purulent spot appears. It is possible to get rid of the disease by cauterization, but it is contraindicated in the period of carrying a baby. Erosion should be treated regardless of the timing, the decision is made by a doctor.
Regardless of the timing, inflammation of the genital organs can occur. One has only to decrease the immunity, as pathogens, as well as previously dormant infections are activated. In such a secret are easily detected bloody brown veins, purulent mucus. There is a nasty smell, urination is accompanied by burning and itching. Bloody stains on linen appear due to damage to mucous tissues. Such signs appear on any term and even shortly before childbirth.
Mucus with inclusions of blood appears in the process of implantation of the cell into the body of the uterus at the very beginning of nucleation. Sometimes there is damage to the thin capillaries. With this phenomenon, bloody marks disappear immediately after implantation. The secretion is painless, odorless.
The living human body naturally prepares itself to provide the proper conditions for safe childbearing. And the appearance of minor secretory secretions in the days corresponding to monthly, is a normal fact. Для эмбриона не несет опасности и проходит через определенное время без последствий.
Но медицине известна редкая патология под названием пузырной занос. According to external manifestations, it resembles the menstrual cycle; brown daub is also observed on linen. It occurs in nature not often, expressed in the failure of the fertilization stage. Insemination of an egg chromosome free is carried out. In another embodiment, a healthy cell is fertilized by two spermatozoa simultaneously. A benign tumor, which is a joint of multiple cysts in the form of blisters, is called a blistering skid. When the body partially rejects some number of cysts, the bleeding begins. Accompanied by headache, gagging, pressure drops. Anomaly is treated only by surgical methods.
What to do in case of brown secretions
Nature is wise, having awarded man with reproductive functions, she taught his body to adapt to physiological needs and changes. The system of childbirth combines in itself a special state of the male and female body, where hormones and reproduction work smoothly, enable fertilization to take place.
The formation of organs and life support systems of the embryo miraculously occurs. The female body is rebuilt, provides life cycles, embryo development. To keep, to bear a cub before the natural date of birth is the goal of every future mom.
Occur in this crucial period of life pathological abnormalities. Brown discharge from a pregnant woman, accompanied by the need for frequent change of gaskets, bleeding - this is the basis for calling emergency medical care at home. It is better to be vigilant once more than to grieve later for the lost happiness of motherhood.
Risking their health and life of an unborn baby is impossible. In pregnancy, brown discharge can be considered an unusual situation. Regular routine examinations can save pregnancy and produce a healthy baby.
Signs of pathological changes are the allocation of brown, brown, dizziness, pain in the abdomen. There are many reasons for such symptoms:
- disrupted location of the placenta
- the complication of attaching a fertilized cell
- female genital diseases,
- infectious diseases,
- hormonal disbalance,
- missed abortion
- damage to the lining of the uterus,
- spontaneous abortion.
Every reason has methods of getting rid of it. It is impossible to foresee all the violations that occur during the carrying of the child. It is impossible to intervene at the moment when the fertilized egg is attached in the uterus in the wrong place. The embryo is small in size - no difficulty has been identified. Symptoms appear with the growth of the fetus. The risk of preterm delivery and loss of a child is high. Careful preservation in a hospital provides a chance for a happy outcome.
The diagnosis “ectopic pregnancy” sounds strange. It seems that this is impossible in principle, but a small cell can be fixed outside the uterus. Signs are not immediately detectable, the test confirms the presence of pregnancy. The situation is life-threatening for the mother. Only an ultrasound examination reveals the location of the egg. The method of correction here is one - surgery.
Gynecological diseases also take place in this responsible life cycle. Sores, all sorts of benign tumors can play a fatal role. Careful research, detection of the causes and further decision of the doctor to save a small life. This development is assumed.
If we take into account the fact that pregnancy is associated with a decrease in immunity, then the recovery of microorganisms that are in the dormant state of a woman is quite understandable. During this period, infections that have not been fully treated until the end of the disease are felt. Therefore, all those who plan to add a family must be examined, get rid of all diseases and quietly wait for the baby.
Of great importance is the state of the hormonal system. Failure or lack of hormones provokes tissue detachment, and this threatens to miscarry. An urgent need to contact the doctor, to perform appointments.
The possibility of fetal death with all the dangerous consequences is not excluded. In this case, loss of consciousness is added to the above symptoms as a result of general intoxication. Ultrasound readings will help to resolve the situation.
Often found violations of the traumatic nature of the mucous tissue of the genital organs. Unhealed ulcers and inflammations contribute to this. The doctor assesses the situation and prescribes the means of getting rid of the disease.
Gynecological problems, mismatch between mother and fetus, rhesus accessories can lead to spontaneous abortion (miscarriage). The sooner the expectant mother will seek medical help, the greater the possibility of maintaining the pregnancy.
The main attention when detecting minor pathology in the form of dark brown secretion should be focused on the elimination of the causes. If possible, it is necessary to eliminate any imbalance, cure all diseases and create favorable conditions.
Observance of the simplest personal hygiene skills, the essence of which is reduced to daily two-fold washing of external genital organs, taking a shower and using cotton underwear. Everything is elementary simple, infinitely accessible and truly effective.
Happiness to all families, waiting and having children!
What to do if there were brown discharge during pregnancy
The gestation period is not a time for self-diagnosis, therefore any changes, including brown discharge, should be negotiated with the attending gynecologist.
If the discharge is combined with severe pain and the appearance of an admixture of blood, you should immediately call an ambulance, without waiting for a scheduled visit to the doctor.
While medical assistance is on the way, a woman needs to take a comfortable posture, better lying down with her legs slightly raised on the pillow. If the pain is very severe, you can drink an antispasmodic, for example, No-spa.
If the discharge is scanty and does not bring discomfort, it is possible to consult with the doctor on a scheduled examination. The doctor will determine why they arise, and advise how to proceed in such a situation.
Brown discharge from pregnant women can be treated differently. Therefore, it is only the obstetrician-gynecologist who is leading your pregnancy to determine the cause of their appearance.
The only thing that should be done on your part is to visit the doctor in time, go through all the research, eat well and stick to a benign regime. Remember that the appearance of discharge - not a reason to panic, but only a signal that you need to see a doctor.
Now most of the problems with secretions are easily solved with the help of modern drugs. Therefore, the chance to endure and give birth to a healthy baby is very big.
Etymology of brown discharge in early pregnancy
In order to draw up a treatment regimen, determine the threat to the mother and the embryo, it is necessary to find out what could cause brown daub, is it a sign of an infectious disease, a threat of miscarriage, or is it a discharge that appears in early pregnancy on the days of the alleged menstruation.
The most harmless cause of brown dabs from the vagina of a pregnant woman is implant bleeding. This term refers to the attachment of a fertilized egg to the walls of the uterus. This occurs on the 5th - 7th day after fertilization. In this case, the allocation is harmless for a pregnant woman, and it is unlikely that a woman still suspects that she is pregnant.
If suddenly a pregnant woman notices a brown daub in the days of the alleged onset of menstruation, then we can safely say that a hormonal failure occurs in the woman’s body.
It is very dangerous during pregnancy, can be dangerous to the fetus.
On the days of the alleged onset of menstruation (if the cycle before pregnancy was smooth, stable, and you know when they should start), a pregnant woman should give up any physical exertion, emotional overstrain, stress, and also sex.
It is known that against the background of pregnancy, a woman's body weakens, respectively, it can be attacked by both external infections, viruses, and those who, as permanent residents, live in the female microflora.
After all, even in an absolutely healthy woman's body, you can count a large number of dangerous viruses, conditionally pathogenic flora, potential pathogens of various diseases. As a rule, "pests" are in a latent form, sleeping.
When the protective functions of the body are strong enough, they can restrain viruses and infections, but as soon as the pathogenic flora begins to exceed the permissible limits, they speak of a decrease in local immunity, suppression of the normal flora, and the development of the disease.
Some sexually transmitted infections can trigger the development of the disease, and among its symptoms will be a brown daub.
Also, erosion of the cervix can provoke a brown vaginal discharge. Erosion is a wound on the cervix, which is easy to touch and injure during sex. Respectively, brown daub can flow from a wound. Erosion during pregnancy manifests itself in a third of women and poses no danger to the unborn baby.
Treatment of erosion involves prior colposcopy, thorough examination, testing. If the results of the tests do not reveal the pathology, the presence of infections, then treatment in this case is not required. If according to the results of the examination revealed pathology, then your doctor will prescribe you a gentle regimen of medication.
Another reason, the alarming bell of which will be brown daub - placental abruption or the ovum. In this case, the woman urgently needs peace, tranquility, calm relaxed atmosphere. In addition to this, the following drugs are taken: Utrogestan, Duphaston.
Frozen pregnancy is the arrest of fetal development. As a rule, all signs of pregnancy gradually disappear or disappear altogether in a woman:
- decreases, decreases in the size of the chest,
- sensitivity of nipples decreases,
- the level of hCG in the blood stops or completely drops,
- toxicosis disappears.
A characteristic sign of fetal death is also a brown daub from the vagina. It can be confirmed by the results of tests and ultrasound diagnostics.
Brown daub can also be a promise to an ectopic pregnancy.
For reference: ectopic pregnancy is a pathology of early pregnancy, when a fertilized egg (fertilized egg), moving to the uterus, is attached to another organ, most often in the fallopian tube.
Unfortunately, such a pregnancy must be diagnosed and interrupted in a timely manner, because only one organ of the female body, the uterus, is adapted to gestation.
Summing up, it should be summarized that the brown daub is a signal of both quite normal disorders of the body of a pregnant woman in the form of hormonal disruptions, and a signal of the threat of miscarriage, a sign of a frozen or ectopic pregnancy, as well as infectious diseases. Accordingly, as soon as a pregnant woman has discovered a brown discharge, she should immediately contact her obstetrician-gynecologist.
Also, do not delay the trip to the doctor, if along with brown daubs you feel the following symptoms:
- lower abdominal pain of a different nature, which are strongly given in the abdomen, lower back,
- transition of daub to bleeding,
- unpleasant smell of discharge
- itching, burning, swelling of the vulva.
Diagnosis of brown secretions during pregnancy
As soon as a pregnant woman sees a brown daub, similar to blood, on a linen or daily padding, you should be alert and visit a doctor as soon as possible. The doctor will examine the pregnant woman on the chair, take a smear on the state of the microflora, and also may recommend testing PCR for sexually transmitted infections to exclude infectious etymology of secretions.
Prevention of brown discharge in early pregnancy
In the early stages of pregnancy, a woman’s body is most vulnerable to pathogenic microorganisms. It is much easier to prevent the progression of the disease than to treat it, so the main preventive measures are:
- regular hygiene of the external genital organs,
- proper nutrition, adherence to work and rest,
- relaxed walks in the fresh air,
- taking vitamin - mineral complexes.
To prevent other possible threats that may darken the life of the expectant mother and her baby, such as the threat of miscarriage, missed, ectopic pregnancy, you must adhere to the following preventive rules:
- limit long and tedious walks,
- more rest, relax,
- protect yourself from stress and emotional overstrain
- Give up on time from sexual intercourse.
Future mothers, remember, brown daub in early pregnancy is not a reason for premature unrest and monitoring various forums to find recommendations from other pregnant women. This is, first of all, a signal to check for possible pathologies that may threaten both mother and baby.