Being a woman is not easy at all, and the point is not only that the modern woman should be active, always cheerful, fit and sexy. It's not even in the birth and all kinds of bikes about this time. The point is also that a woman passes a monthly test for the right to be considered as such. This test - menstruation, monthly discharge, sometimes painful and very unpleasant. Ladies got used to this, but intermenstrual bleeding always causes anxiety and even panic. What is the reason? Should I worry? Is such a symptom dangerous? Do I need to run to the doctor? And, of course, how to treat such a problem?
What it is?
Happy men continue to remain in blissful ignorance regarding women's health. They sincerely believe that pads and tampons are essentially useless things, produced solely for the sake of women's whims. And PMS they consider our whims. Sometimes we ourselves become uncomfortable for the fact that during this period we so want warmth, care and attention. A strong woman does not show her weaknesses. But intermenstrual bleeding is an alarming symptom. He warns not only about any problems in the health of the female body. But it can be a bell talking about various diseases. Noticed that unusual intermenstrual bleeding appeared? No need to panic - this is a fairly common phenomenon, which may be a variant of the norm. Perhaps, you on the eve fell from a great height? Or did you have a too active intimate relationship? Yes, yes, sometimes sex can give such consequences, so it’s a very good idea to inform your partner about possible problems. Of course, intermenstrual bleeding can talk about breaks in the vagina, but this is a factor that needs to be reported to the police. If a woman has tears, then perhaps she has become a victim of rape.
Causes of unscheduled bleeding
So, intermenstrual bleeding appeared. The causes of this symptom can be quickly and accurately ascertain. So do not guess on the coffee grounds, and quickly go to the nearest hospital. But on the way, look at your personal calendar. Maybe you have an ovulation period? This event happens on days 10-16 of the cycle. At the same time, intermenstrual bleeding is very weak and the “flow” dries out quickly. This is not quite normal, but only indicates a small hormonal failure in the body. For the health of the lady there is no danger.
If, when visiting the toilet, blood traces on toilet paper became obvious, but these secretions do not stain the lingerie, then you definitely have ovulation. Ovaries leave the ovary, which is accompanied by a decrease in the amount of estrogen in the body. If everything is confirmed, then do not panic. You are completely healthy and you do not need treatment at all. But if the discharge causes inconvenience and pain, then consult a doctor to normalize the hormones.
Quite often, intermenstrual bleeding causes are the most commonplace. For example, a woman takes oral contraceptives incorrectly or misses the time of admission. Maybe she installed the IUD or performed a variety of procedures at the gynecologist. Sometimes women are forced to “bloody” special medications. It is quite logical that intermenstrual bleeding can appear during a miscarriage or inflammatory process. The low level of thyroid hormone, endometriosis and constant stress also have a bad effect on the health of women. Also, care should be taken to treat their health to adolescent girls and women during hormonal changes. The body moves to a new work schedule and can "bleed."
When do you need to worry?
Most often, women get very scared if they have intermenstrual bleeding during pregnancy. Pregnancy is not the easiest and most joyful time in itself, but if bloody footprints appear on the laundry or, worse, a “flood” begins, then there are logical concerns about the life and health of the child. This pathology is more common. This can be a serious complication, but do not immediately panic. Blood discharge should not be. The exception is the first trimester, when a woman can be in the dark about her condition. Then the discharge is smearing. This happens at the moment of attachment of the ovum to the uterus and usually corresponds to the period of menstruation. In other cases, intermenstrual uterine bleeding is a pathology. If a woman has blood at an early period, then the threat of miscarriage hangs. In addition, such a symptom can warn of ectopic or "frozen" pregnancy, as well as blistering. At a later date, the blood is due to detachment or placenta previa. Do not immediately think about the pathology of the fetus. Blood may be due to exacerbation of gynecological diseases in the mother. By the way, spotting during pregnancy does not mean that there is no reason for excitement. In any case, you must go to the doctor.
To understand the reason for which the blood is flowing, you need to go to a gynecologist and undergo a series of examinations based on a hospital or maternity hospital. The doctor will take a smear from the vagina and send the sample for general and biochemical analysis. Be sure to conduct an ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs and fetus. If pathology is detected, the treatment of intermenstrual bleeding will slow down slightly again due to additional research. Treatment will be determined by identifying the pathology and stage of the disease. If a miscarriage begins, measures will be taken to preserve the pregnancy. There are drugs that stop the blood, lowering the tone of the uterus. If you managed to preserve the fetus, then pregnant women should refrain from sexual activity and stay in maximum rest. For prophylaxis, doctors may recommend motherwort or valerian tincture. You can undergo a course of acupuncture or endonasal galvanization. It is better not to listen to the advice of folk doctors, as the herbs recommended by them can aggravate the situation.
And so scary when there is bleeding. The intermenstrual period is always perceived as a period of rest and rest. But if complications arise during pregnancy, then panic begins. For example, some miscarriages simply cannot be treated. If miscarriage could not be avoided, then a septic shock can occur due to residues of dead fetal tissue in the uterus. If the blood loss exceeds the allowable range, the woman in labor may die due to the development of hemorrhagic shock. After scraping, a rare malignant cancer can develop due to a skid.
Prevention for the sake of
Why think how to stop intermenstrual bleeding, if you can try to prevent it? First of all, you need to think about natural family planning, that is, to abandon abortion. You also need to reduce physical and sexual activity during pregnancy. If a woman has chronic gynecological diseases, then they should be treated promptly, and ideally they should be checked by a gynecologist before a planned pregnancy and cured all the sores. It is also good for a woman to fulfill her destiny and become a mother up to 35 years old.
What do doctors say about the treatment?
If intermenstrual bleeding has begun, only the doctor will write out the causes, treatment and possible risks, so do not neglect to use it. Take care of yourself and your baby! Doctors prohibit self-stopping blood through pills. After miscarriage and curettage, they are not advised to become pregnant before three to six months. It is better to be careful with sex, especially if your partner has a big penis. Also, doctors are trying to cool the heat of potential mothers, taking delay and blood smears for signs of pregnancy. It could just as well be ovarian dysfunction. Also, doctors say that pregnant women should not go to the bath, especially for short periods. Blood after intercourse may indicate damage to the mucous membrane or cervix. A neat woman is unlikely to have to worry about painful discharge, but if such a moment is suddenly observed, then the presence of genital infections is possible. Doctors recommend checking out both partners. According to test results, the doctor will prescribe drugs, suppositories and ointments. In the event that tests do not show the presence of infections, you will have to start looking for the cause of a non-infectious nature.
Hormonal failure causes the entire body to suffer, rather than specific organs. You can draw an analogy with a broken clock - until you find and fix a malfunction, do not expect accuracy indicators. Abundant secretions from the uterus can signal endometriosis, cervical erosion, and even a cancer. There really can not hesitate with the treatment to the doctor and treatment.
There is a treatment
Naturally, a rare woman in her right mind would ignore the bleeding, but the treatment process can be divided into conservative and progressive. There are also preventive measures, which sometimes seem to be too radical. Let's start with time-tested methods.
Acceptance of hormonal drugs is still relevant to normalize the cycle and stop bleeding. If the bleeding is caused by stress, then a recipe for sedatives will be a good way to block it.
We'll have to adjust the diet and ladies. Add to the menu more vitamins and iron, which is abundant in beef, legumes, vegetables and fruits.
The floating cycle cannot be considered the norm and needs to be checked by a gynecologist. Turning in time, you can “catch” the disease at an early stage and cure it without loss for your body.
If the patient tells her at the gynecologist's appointment that she plans to switch to oral contraceptives, he will probably tell her that the period of addiction may be accompanied by secretions. Therefore, intermenstrual bleeding when taking OK will not be considered a pathology. One-third of all women are spotting, and they remain from three months to six months. What explains this phenomenon? Quite a small dose of hormones!
Mezhmenstrualnye bleeding when taking contraceptives appear due to the fact that the body does not have enough hormones to block the natural hormones. If the discharge is scarce and quickly disappears, then this type of contraception clearly suits you. Just do not forget to time to complain to the doctor if there is a nagging sensation in the stomach, pain, and discharge will be more abundant. If any of the similar symptoms are observed, the type of contraceptives should be changed. And the abundant secretions of a breakthrough nature speak altogether about the atrophy of endometrial cells, but by the way, they do not present any danger. Only consult with a doctor anyway. By the way, it would be good if you read the instructions before taking contraceptives directly. There is information that the daily hormone dose needs to be doubled before any discharge stops completely.
You can not finish taking OK half way, as you can earn anemia and severe malaise. It is also worth cutting back on smoking a little if this is your destructive passion. The fact is that cigarettes suppress the production of estrogen.
Pathology and rate
If a girl is quite young, she really does not want to see a doctor and therefore will first self-medicate. Almost always, this is an erroneous decision that can be almost fatal, especially when it comes to bleeding. If the problem lies in the uterus, then you can't see it with your own eyes, but you can calculate it. If a woman had an abortion, and then the pain began, the temperature increased, then we can assume that there is endometritis, that is, inflammation of the inner layer of the uterus. If not treated, the disease will reach a new level and become chronic. Intermenstrual bleeding with endometriosis is the body's cry for help, as it does not cope with the load of problems that have fallen on it.
In the endometrium, polyps may appear after abortions. Of course, you cannot make a diagnosis of the eye here, but according to the results of hysteroscopy, ultrasound and histology, everything becomes clear. Treat only get a surgical method, followed by reception of the COC.
It is necessary to pay attention not only to the character, but also to the color of the discharge. If they are brown, it looks like endometriosis. Much has already been said about this disease, but the consequences are often silenced. But endometriosis may well turn into sterility.
So, you need to summarize all of the above. First, intermenstrual bleeding can never be ignored. Even in the most innocuous cases, this symptom forces you to pay attention to your health, to calm down morally, to stabilize sex life. You can not tolerate bloody discharge and leave in the partner's ignorance, because, perhaps, their appearance is his fault and the result of violent sex.
Secondly, be sure to go to the gynecologist at the first symptoms of bleeding. In the best case, it will simply be a routine inspection, which, by the way, is recommended to be carried out a couple of times a year in order to prevent possible troubles in time. Already the gynecologist can suggest the cause of the bleeding and, say, give a referral to a neuropathologist or psychologist, if the whole thing is stress.
Thirdly, you can not self-medicate and prescribe a pill, recommended by the Internet. It is impossible to make a diagnosis, relying on their own pain. You can not even accurately specify the location of the pain.
Finally, fourthly, at the specialist's appointment, give him as much information as possible. Does bleeding cause discomfort? How long does it take? By "long" we need a period of more than three days. Are bleeding worse? Do you have a clear monthly cycle? Are there any pain, and what character are they? Well, if you can talk about the color and nature of the bleeding, remember the stressful situations we experienced. Of course, ideally, you need to establish contacts with your own gynecologist in order to be seen by one person and have the whole history of your visits to this office before your eyes.
Instead of conclusion
It turns out that intermenstrual bleeding is not fatal, but always unpleasant and suspicious. Many women are interested in, and whether sex life is allowed with bloody discharge? The question is ambiguous. If the blood goes to adapt to oral contraceptives, then there are no contraindications. Of course, this is on condition that both partners observe the rules of personal hygiene and do not fear the sight of blood. Men are often nervous at the sight of blood and are afraid to hurt a woman. Explain to your partner that in such a situation discharge is a temporary and painless phenomenon, and sex gives positive emotions and therefore is useful for both of you.
Intermenstrual bloody discharge, bleeding
The phases of the menstrual cycle of any woman have a number of characteristics that are difficult to confuse with something else. All physiological processes in the genital organs, in the absence of fertilization of the egg by the spermatozoon, end with menstrual secretions - the removal of dead eggs and endometrium through the vagina with a small amount of blood.
Under certain circumstances, symptoms of critical days occur in the middle of the reproductive cycle, introducing a woman into confusion. At the same time, they can be both absolutely safe due to natural causes, and be triggered by diseases of internal organs. The article describes the main causes and symptoms of such problems as uterine bleeding between menstruation in the middle of the cycle.
Monthly (menstruation) - what should be the allocation during menstruation?
The bleeding from the genitals of a healthy woman indicates the completion of a cyclic process, repeated with the aim of conception and the birth of offspring. Each cycle begins with the advent of menstruation. About two weeks from now, the maturation of the follicle in the ovary containing the egg cell takes place. Completion of the maturation of the egg is called ovulation. The variability of sex hormone levels in the blood can lead to disruptions in the menstrual cycle and early or late onset of ovulation. With the onset of ovulation, estrogens lose concentration, instead of them the blood is saturated with progesterone. It is produced by the corpus luteum, transformed from the remnants of the follicle membrane. Progesterone maintains the reproductive system during the initial stages of pregnancy, contributing to the growth of the endometrium necessary for attaching the zygote to the inner wall of the uterus.
Due to changes in hormone levels, a small amount of blood can be released during or after ovulation.Its causes lie exclusively in female physiology, occurring in a third of the female population of the planet and are not the result of pathologies. Intermenstrual bleeding is usually observed on the interval from the tenth to the sixteenth day of the cycle. The amount of blood secreted is insignificant, the duration of this phenomenon is from 12 to 72 hours. If the periods of bleeding go beyond these limits, it is advisable to consult a gynecologist for violations of the body.
Separately, doctors pay attention to spotting with a brown tint. Such secretions are barely noticeable on the linen and have a slimy consistency. The clinical picture is characteristic of the middle of the cycle, when a mature egg leaves the follicle into the fallopian tube. Too frequent bloody discharge may indicate a promenorrhea - frequent menstruation. At the same time, the discharge is scanty and short (up to three days). This phenomenon is a consequence of the malfunctioning of hormone-producing glands. Estrogen deficiency provokes early rejection of the endometrium, due to which menstruation occurs.
For menstruation, women often take intrauterine bleeding. This happens when a lady does not keep track of her menstrual calendar and does not remember the start date of the previous menstrual periods or finds it difficult to calculate the deadline for the next critical days. A single time for all the beginning and end of menstruation is impossible, because the cycle of each girl is different.
Causes of intermenstrual discharge, why the discharge appears between the monthly?
It is important for women to remember that almost every third woman appears in uterine bleeding in the middle of the cycle between menstruation. It is also important to remember that if uterine bleeding between menstruation is not strong, that is, not abundant intermenstrual bleeding, then this is normal. Stabilization of the hormonal system, characteristic of transitional adolescence, may be reflected in the failure of the menstrual cycle of young girls. Within one to two years after the menarche, the cycle becomes permanent. If this does not happen, you need to look for causes in the endocrine system disorders. Bleeding in the wrong time also occurs as a result of the fascination with smoking and alcoholic beverages, which suppress the functioning of the reproductive system. Violations of the internal organs also provoke cycle failures, while secretions become more abundant. Among the external factors in the first place is the change of climatic and time zones.
A more comprehensive list of precursors of menstruation includes dysfunctions of the endocrine system and hormone production, uterine myoma, miscarriages and abortions, gynecological procedures, injuries of the vaginal mucous membrane, installation of the intrauterine device and oral contraceptives. Also, the discharge between critical days results from infectious diseases, beriberi, urinary organs inflammation, depression, neoplastic and chronic diseases, various injuries.
The main causes of bleeding between periods
Causes of bleeding from the genital tract are of several types, types. There are uterine and vaginal bleeding, the causes of which are very numerous and sometimes even an experienced gynecologist cannot determine the exact cause of the appearance of uterine bleeding or the appearance of bleeding between menstruation without some diagnosis.
The following are the most common reasons why bleeding appeared between menstruation. The causes of discharge in the form of blood between menstruation are: taking combined contraceptives, using hormonal OK (oral contraceptives), ovulation (usually accompanied by symptoms such as scanty discharge from the vagina, pain in the lower abdomen when the lower abdomen hurts on the right or left, depending on on which of the ovaries hurts). The reasons for the appearance of bleeding between menstruation are problems such as hormonal alteration of the female body, trauma to the genital organs, and the use of emergency contraception (if an unwanted pregnancy is detected by a woman). Some gynecological diseases can cause problems such as bleeding from the vagina between menstruation. Endocrine diseases, miscarriage (spontaneous), trauma to the mucous membrane of the vagina, some chronic diseases of certain organs. The causes of bleeding between menstruation include such problems as inflammation of the bladder, inflammation in the urethra, the appearance of infection, and the hormonal intrauterine device as a means of contraception. Uterine fibroids can also lead to intermenstrual bleeding, a cyst or tumor diseases, problems with blood clotting. Long-term depressive states are often considered as the main causes of bleeding between menstruation.
The exact reasons for why uterine bleeding appeared in the middle of the cycle, after and before menstruation, can be found only at a gynecologist's appointment. Particular attention should be paid to women for heavy uterine bleeding.
Bleeding in girls, adolescents
Spotting, bleeding in girls in a state of puberty, in the intermenstrual period, are often due to transformations of hormonal processes. The organs of internal secretion are just beginning to tune in to the rhythm characteristic of an adult organism; bleeding in most cases is not a pathology. The first sexual intercourse brings with it a defloration (rupture of the hymen), due to which a little blood is released from the vagina.
Injuries after defloration heal independently. To speed up the healing process help douching decoction of chamomile and calendula, or intravaginal candles. Extraordinary periods are as painless, and can bring painful sensations. Scanty discharge is not a pathology at the time, as a strong hemorrhage (hemorrhage) requires an appeal to the gynecologist to find and eliminate their causes. Treatment in such cases is aimed at restoring hormonal processes. Hemorrhage cannot be ignored because it leads to anemia and, in rare cases, to coma.
The unreasonable reasons for calling an ambulance are prolonged and / or too large bleeding, the patient has severe pain, nausea and vomiting, as well as the repeated nature of the process in each cycle before the onset of menstruation. Less commonly, intermenstrual bleeding occurs due to cysts and other neoplasms. If any violations related to the course of the menstrual cycle are observed, it is imperative that you consult a gynecologist to determine their causes and prescription of treatment.
Intermenstrual bleeding in adult women, discharge between menstruation
The determination of the danger of bloody discharge between two periods is possible by their nature, period of appearance, color and quantity. When you take oral hormonal contraceptive means, discharge in the form of a brown paste a couple of days before the expected onset of menstruation is considered normal. The same picture arises in connection with hormone jumps. If the bleeding is moderate, the intervention of the gynecologist or endocrinologist is optional.
Blood may be released as a result of an insufficient amount of sexual lubricant released during sexual intercourse. The selection parameters indicate their causes. Scanty brownish discharge indicates an ovulatory process, mucous membranes with blood indicate the spread of genital infections or ectopic pregnancy, the formation of tumors and cervical erosion. Particular attention to the fact that there was a spotting between menstruation should be paid to women who have not previously observed them.
Bleeding at menopause, why there is a discharge between menstruation during menopause
Menopause, like the reproductive cycle, is determined by the individual characteristics of each woman’s body. This period directly depends on the level of sex hormones in the blood of its owner. Hormonal restructuring in women who lose their reproductive abilities is accompanied by menstrual failures, manifested in a chaotic change in the duration of the cycle, in the duration and abundance of menstruation. A significant part of the menstrual flow is the endometrium, so the amount of blood secreted is inextricably linked with the thickness of the uterine mucosa.
Frequent violations of the cycle in menopause complicate the diagnosis of pathological processes. At the same time, a number of signs almost reliably characterize the presence of diseases.
1 Large amount of lost blood. Rapid filling of the sanitary napkin (within an hour) during the period of menopause speaks of deviations, even if the woman had previously had heavy periods.
2 Clots in secretions and the appearance of blood after sexual contact.
3 The delay of menstruation for a period of seven days. In this case, the delay of critical days for 1-2 days is considered acceptable.
Bleeding from the vagina during menopause may indicate serious diseases, the heart of which endocrine system diseases affecting hormonal status, ectopic pregnancy with perimenopause, endometrial hyperplasia, uterine fibroids, hormonal imbalances, benign and malignant neoplasms. Suspicious bleeding during menopause requires special attention because they can cause cancer. Therefore, noticing the slightest deviations from the normal course of climacteric processes, it is necessary to immediately contact a gynecologist.
What is the difference between bleeding and menstruation?
The appearance of bleeding in the middle of the cycle may indicate uterine bleeding. To prevent anemia, detecting this symptom, you should immediately consult a doctor. Not all women know how to distinguish menstruation, menstruation, from bleeding. Untimely menstruation from bleeding can be distinguished by several signs. Bleeding caused by impaired functioning of the body is characterized by a marked profusion of blood loss, discharge lasts a week or longer, have lumps, the woman feels weak, drowsy, gets tired quickly, has signs of anemia. At the same time painful sensations arise in the genitals, which periodically recur.
Hemorrhages that began during menstruation may go unnoticed, because the pain in the lower abdomen and a fairly heavy discharge in the first days of menstruation are found in many girls. Some external signs indicate the likely pathology, which should immediately be brought to the hospital. These are fatigue, unusual paleness of the skin (in particular, on the face), fragility of the nails and hair, interruptions in the cycle, frequent intermenstrual bleeding.
Diagnosis and treatment of intermenstrual bleeding
Treatment of intermenstrual bleeding, diagnosis of bleeding between menstruation, is a very important process, because timely response in case of certain health problems will help to get rid of possible complications and further development of the disease, if the causes of bleeding are between menstruation, the cause of intermenstrual bleeding is a certain disease. It is necessary to get rid of blood loss resulting from pathologies through the use of a complex of therapeutic measures.
Treatment of intermenstrual bleeding takes place in three stages:
- diagnosis and elimination of the cause of bleeding,
- elimination of the consequences of deviation.
Diagnosis begins with a survey of the patient, which makes it possible to obtain information about the presence of chronic diseases, past illnesses, the likelihood of hereditary predisposition. Then, the vagina is examined, biological samples are taken and examined, the body of the uterus and the cervical canal are examined, ultrasound of the reproductive system is examined, and, if necessary, the endometrial layer is scraped and a blood test is taken according to certain parameters. The course of treatment of bleeding between menstruation is determined by the attending physician based on the results of the diagnosis and the individual characteristics of each case.
The conclusion that you need to know if there was bleeding between periods?
In the event that there are bleeding between menstruation, intermenstrual bleeding, you need to remember the following nuances. The woman’s menstrual cycle is special for each woman, and must meet certain criteria that are recognized throughout the world as indicators of a woman’s healthy life. Menstruation is repeated throughout most of life on a monthly basis. Sometimes bleeding is possible in the middle of the menstrual cycle. Their appearance can hide various reasons. The task of the woman in this case is the timely detection of the violation and the prompt treatment to the doctor if bleeding occurs between the months. After examining and diagnosing the causes of intermenstrual bleeding, the attending physician prescribes the necessary treatment to the patient. A woman’s health is the result of her responsibility not only to herself, but also to her children and family. Each woman is intended by nature to continue her own kind, therefore the observance of the rules of a healthy lifestyle and control over the processes occurring in the body should be an integral part of all the fair sex.
Intermenstrual discharge in young girls
The formation of the menstrual cycle lasts up to two years. At this time, young girls "unplanned" monthly can be observed quite often. They come before the expected date or, on the contrary, are delayed. The consistency and nature of the discharge may also vary. Such instability is connected with the fact that the endocrine glands in the young body adjust their work so that after a while the girl can become a mother.
In adolescent girls, unplanned discharges can be practically painless. But sometimes their appearance is accompanied by severe lower abdominal pain, aching in the lower back, dizziness and weakness. In this case, it is better to consult a doctor to find out the causes of intermenstrual bleeding and learn how to alleviate the condition.
With abundant discharge of blood, which is called hemorrhage and does not stop on its own, an urgent appeal to a specialist is necessary. This is a serious impairment in the body that can cause a girl's anemia or more serious complications.
The cause of hemorrhage - increased fragility of blood vessels - can be hormonal fluctuations, less often - cystic neoplasms, as well as genetic tendency. But regardless of what caused the hemorrhage, it is important to start treatment as soon as possible. In order for the bleeding not to become a threat to the life of the girl, you need to contact a specialist in such cases:
- long bleeding does not end,
- a large volume of blood is released,
- severe abdominal pain, weakness, headache, nausea and vomiting,
- unscheduled bleeding appears monthly.
To accurately determine the cause of increased bleeding of blood vessels, it will be necessary to be carefully examined (general detailed analysis and blood biochemistry, urinalysis, in rare cases, sternal puncture) and to consult a hematologist.
The first sexual experience for the girl is also accompanied by the appearance of blood from the vagina. A few red drops can be seen after the next few interruptions. This phenomenon is explained by the fact that during the rupture of the hymen burst and bleed small vessels. Often bleeding is scarce. If heavy bleeding does not stop longer than a week, you need to see a doctor.
A woman's body very quickly reacts to any changes, therefore, fluctuations in the level of not only sex organs (estrogen and progesterone), but also thyroid hormones and adrenal hormones can cause intermenstrual bleeding in young girls.
When to see a doctor
The development of the future woman and mother is a complex and responsible process. Parents should watch as the girl matures to prevent the appearance of pathologies of the reproductive system. Violations of the menstrual cycle during adolescence can be caused by both external influence and many other factors:
- strong physical exertion or a stressful situation
- unbalanced nutrition
- lack of vitamins
- viral or infectious diseases.
Complicated pregnancy and difficult childbirth, in which the girl was born, are also able to postpone the imprint on her female health. Therefore, in order to find out the causes of premature discharge, which are repeated several times, are accompanied by pain, consultation is often needed not only by the gynecologist, but also by the endocrinologist, as well as other specialists.
Intermenstrual discharge in the premenopausal period
In the same way as a young one, the body of a mature woman reacts sensitively to changes in the internal balance, therefore, not only the processes that occur in the reproductive organs of a woman during the period of menopause can cause bleeding. The causes of intermenstrual discharge are different.These can be hormonal disorders, neoplasms, inflammation and sexually transmitted infections, intrauterine devices or oral contraceptives, and many others.
According to statistical data, half of all women aged 45-55 years experience symptoms of excessive growth of the endometrium - the tissue lining the uterus. This pathology is accompanied by bleeding that may appear mid-cycle, as well as severe pain in the lower abdomen.
A woman who takes birth control pills should know that blood can appear several days before the expected start date of menstruation. The same thing happens with a hormonal jump. If the bleeding is not too heavy (as with menstruation) and ends a few days later, then there is nothing to worry about.
The woman’s physiology is such that the amount of lubricant that is released during sex decreases with the menopause approaching, so sexual intercourse can cause discomfort and the appearance of a small amount of bleeding. This is due to injury to the lining of the cervix.
Women who are not protected by oral contraceptives and are sexually active should be extremely careful. Due to an insufficient amount of lubricant in the vagina, the susceptibility of the genital organs to pathogens increases. They should pay particular attention to the appearance of the discharge.
If they have acquired a brown shade, they are few, then it may mean that ovulation has occurred. Bloodstained and mucous discharge may also occur in sexually transmitted diseases, cervical erosion, malignant tumors or ectopic pregnancy. To find out exactly what caused the unplanned bleeding, you need to consult a doctor.
You can not delay on a visit to a specialist in the case of intermenstrual bleeding in a woman who previously had no similar symptoms. This is necessary to prevent the development of anemia and a serious deterioration in health.
Gynecological pathology as a cause of bleeding in the intermenstrual period
The bleeding that appears in the middle of the menstrual cycle or a few days before the onset of a new one can be triggered by gynecological causes:
- involuntary abortion (miscarriage),
- ectopic pregnancy,
- cauterization or excision of a part of the cervix,
- benign neoplasms
- malignant tumors.
What to do with discharge during the intermenstrual period
The body of each woman reacts differently to changes, therefore, the discharge during the intermenstrual period is different for each of them. If unscheduled bleeding is repeated two or three, or even more times, an appeal to a gynecologist is necessary.
The doctor will conduct an examination and prescribe an ultrasound examination to find out the cause of this condition. If the discharge is caused by a hormonal imbalance, you will need to pass a series of tests.
Treatment prescribed, based on the results of the survey. The age of the woman is also taken into account. Physicians are especially careful in the choice of treatment methods (conservative or surgical) when teenage girls become their patients.
In the case when the middling bleeding is associated with ovulatory processes, drug therapy is used. It is based on hormonal drugs that can regulate the menstrual cycle and stop the bleeding. As an additional agent, the doctor may prescribe sedatives.
In order to avoid the development of anemia after blood loss, practice prescribing drugs containing iron. In addition, you need to stick to a balanced diet. It should be based on dark lean meat, liver, as well as fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C.
Preventive measures imply systematic visits (at least once a year) to a gynecologist. Women of reproductive age should remember that regular sex and correct contraception, normal work and rest also help to preserve health.
Causes of bleeding before the start of menstruation:
Ovulation and pregnancy.
- Hormonal changes in the body.
- The presence of the intrauterine device and the use of contraceptives based on hormones.
- Examination by a gynecologist.
- Lack of vitamins K and C.
- Chronic diseases of the kidneys, liver, heart and metabolic disorders.
- Sexual intercourse
- Infections and serious diseases of the genital organs.
Intermenstrual bleeding occurs when exposed to a variety of psychological causes.
Constant stressful situations and nervous tension cause hemorrhage before the onset of menstruation. Intense physical exertion provokes a small bleeding from the vagina, but do not worry about it.
Norm and pathology
A woman begins to be afraid when she sees the slime of red on the linen. But not always the bloody vaginal discharge indicates serious problems with the body. It is better for girls to follow the repetition of the situation from cycle to cycle. When menstruation is irregular, the appearance of bleeding a week before the designated date of menstruation is considered normal. Female physiology is complex, so many reasons can cause bloody mucus between the menses.
Ovulation and pregnancy
Hemath arises in the period of ovulation and continues for the next 2-3 days. This is a signal that the walls of the uterus are ready to receive the fertilized egg. Blood discharge in the middle of the cycle occurs due to rupture of the follicle when the egg enters the fallopian tube. This is why a couple of drops of blood appear in a secret from the vagina.
Ovulatory syndrome is accompanied by pulling pain in the lower abdomen, in the coccyx and lower back. The temperature rises by 1 degree and the general condition of the body worsens: weakness, fatigue and drowsiness. On the 16-17th day of the cycle, the signs disappear. If ovulation secretions continue for more than a week, it is recommended to go to a doctor.
When conception occurs during ovulation, the fertilized egg is attached to the walls of the uterus. This creates microcracks on it, which causes a secretion of secretion from the blood of brownish color. To confirm pregnancy, it is better to contact a gynecologist, since bleeding in the early period is considered a threat of miscarriage. After inspection, mucus is released with a small amount of blood, which is associated with the ongoing manipulation. They pass the next day.
Improper diet and hormonal changes
Early menstruation sometimes appears. due to the use of harmful products. Chips, crackers, snacks, spicy and fatty foods have a bad effect on the female body. Alcoholic beverages adversely affect the menstrual cycle. Women who eat hazardous foods are at risk of disrupting the cycle of menstruation and the occurrence of pathologies of the uterus and vagina. The lack of vitamins in the diet leads to the transformation of the structure of blood vessels, which causes bleeding between menstruation.
Adolescents experience intermenstrual bleeding during puberty. Such discharge with a bloody impurity is observed within 2 years from the beginning of the changes. Together with the irregular menstrual cycle, hormone levels change. The cause of the process is considered the immaturity of the ovaries. Bleeding is possible during menopause due to hormonal changes. The reason - stop the functioning of the ovaries and the aging of the body. In the premenopausal period, bleeding occurs in the middle of the irregular cycle.
Intrauterine device and hormonal agents
Intermenstrual bleeding occur when taking hormonal pills or other drugs from unwanted pregnancy. They affect the level of hormones before menstruation. Up to 10% of women face such a problem, and this is considered normal in the first months of drug use.
Oral contraceptives are taken from day 1 of the cycle and complete the course. When a girl stops drinking them before the cycle is completed, withdrawal bleeding occurs.
Often, blood in the mucus from the vagina is associated with the presence of an intrauterine device. 7 days before menstruation, the level of hormones changes in the body, which, in combination with a spiral, provokes the appearance of blood. Spiral periodically changed to prevent inflammation. When using such contraception without replacement, bleeding begins over time. The wrong hormone remedy leads to such consequences. Usually this does not pose a real threat to the health of the woman.
Sexual intimacy sometimes contributes to the fact that the vagina begins to bleed. When penis size is not suitable for the vagina, small cracks appear on the walls of the organ. The same applies to intensive sex, poorly chosen posture or the use of sex toys. Under the influence of these factors, blood from cracks, falling into the secret. In a normal situation, hemming is over in 2 days.
It causes heavy bleeding on the 10-14 day of the cycle. This is due to endometrial hyperplasia when its epithelial layer grows too much. The disease is triggered by an excess of progesterone and estrogen. Diagnosis consists in curettage of the endometrium and histological examination. The treatment is carried out with the help of hormonal drugs.
Endometriosis and Endometritis
After a variety of mechanical manipulations (abortion, removal of the intrauterine device, difficult labor) endometritis appears. Blood is mixed with vaginal secretions due to purulent inflammation in the walls of the endometrium. If time does not cure the disease, a chronic form develops.
When heavy bleeding after menstruation begins, it is confused with prolonged menstruation.
This is one of the symptoms of endometriosis - the proliferation of the endometrium outside the uterus. Then the inflammation covers the surrounding organs. When this occurs, the secretion of mucus from light pink to scarlet color.
Uterine fibroids and cancer
When examining the uterus on ultrasound notice nodes, indicating myoma. It refers to benign tumors in the muscles of the uterine wall. The disease causes scarlet bleeding of abundant nature before menstruation. There are blood clots in the mucus, and as these nodes die, they become darker. This process is accompanied by an unpleasant smell. The disease is treated surgically, after which bleeding is not observed.
In malignant tumors at the initial stage, mucus is watery, because the lymphatic vessels are destroyed. Gradually, uterine bleeding comes in the form of a brown smear. Discharges occur on the 10-18 day cycle. It is impossible to recognize uterine cancer by yourself; a medical examination and a tissue biopsy will help. The disease is treated only with timely detection.