Climacteric neurosis is a common problem faced by a woman of Balsac age. This is an unpleasant period in life, but, alas, inevitable. Changes occur not only on the hormonal level, but also on the mental one. They are observed in more than half of the patients. What to do with it? We will understand the article.
The peculiarity of neurosis with menopause
Climacteric neurosis is a state of mind of a woman in which changes of a vegetative-nervous nature occur. To a greater extent, such transformations are associated with the hormonal metamorphosis. Pathological changes occur during the functioning of the hypothalamic centers of the nervous system.
This is a rather serious disease, which needs to be paid attention to and started treatment. In the early stages of this disease is weak, but in a neglected form, serious consequences are possible. Changes in the structure of a woman’s personality are not excluded.
According to statistics, almost 60% of women who have menopause, there is menopausal neurosis. Previously, doctors associated the disease with a lack of hormones. However, modern medicine is reflected in the age-related changes in the work of the hypothalamus.
The causes of neurosis during menopause are rooted in changes in hormonal levels. These transformations affect the psychological state of women. Such changes reinforce the symptoms of the pathological process.
An important role is played by external factors:
- genetic predisposition
- features of a person’s character
- stressful situations (past and present),
- weak immune system
- body strain,
- wrong lifestyle,
- lack of beneficial elements in the body,
- chronic fatigue,
- systematic lack of sleep (sleep disturbance).
Climacteric neurosis can be caused by one or several reasons. The specific origin of the disease can be determined only by a doctor. He will be able to adequately assess the situation and prescribe the necessary therapy. Under seemingly innocuous symptoms may be hiding serious mental disorders or disorders of metabolic and vascular processes.
Signs of neurosis during menopause
The described condition in menopause manifests itself vividly. Its main characteristics are:
- chronic fatigue,
- excessive sweating
- sudden waking in the middle of the night (difficult to sleep),
- development of hypertension,
- sudden jumps in blood pressure
- heart ailments
- mood swings
- noise in ears,
- unstable emotional background,
- negative perception of their appearance,
- loss of appetite.
In some cases, menopause and neurosis are not interrelated concepts. In some women, neurosis in the background of menopause does not appear. However, changes occur in the behavior. The perception of the world is changing.
Neurosis in menopause as a mental disorder
Neurosis in menopause may include one type of disorder or their combination. There are 4 types of such disorders:
- Asthenic view (memory deteriorates, fatigue occurs, performance decreases dramatically).
- Depressive appearance (changing mood in a negative direction).
- Hypochondriacal type (obsessive anxiety, panic attacks during menopause, attributing to oneself superfluous diseases, excessive anxiety about one's health condition).
- Hysterical appearance (instability in stressful situations, even with the slightest trouble, touchiness, moodiness, tearfulness).
Stages of development of neurosis with menopause
Climacteric neurosis during menopause develops gradually. Doctors distinguish three stages of its development:
- The first stage. The first signs of the disease appear, which, as a rule, appear unstable. Because of this, a woman can write off the changes in behavior to normal fatigue.
- The second stage is the height of the disease. At this stage, the woman is already seriously beginning to worry about her health. If at this stage the disease is not treated, then it will gradually take on a chronic form.
- The third stage is a chronic disease. During its course, changes in personality structure are observed. In this case, even with properly selected therapy, it will be difficult to correct the situation.
The stability of the metabolic processes is influenced by the hypothalamus, and during menopause, their violation can cause such a serious disease as osteoporosis. Typically, in the third stage of the disease, the hypothalamus especially affects the emotional state of the woman. Neurosis and menopause, the symptoms, the age and treatment of which will be covered further, are the consequences of the work of the brain. Moreover, the changes are dictated by age.
Scientists are constantly arguing about how common neurotic disorders among women suffering from menopause. Many endocrinologists, gynecologists, psychotherapists have come to a single conclusion: almost half of women develop neurosis during menopause.
Symptoms of menopausal neurosis
This disease is manifested both on the physical and vegetative levels. Main symptoms:
- hot flashes (face, neck, shoulders redder),
- increased sweat production
- dizziness, tinnitus,
- constipation or flatulence
- pain when urinating and itching in the genital area,
- increased fatigue
- paresthesias - “goose bumps”,
- increased bone fragility
- cardiovascular diseases.
Additional symptoms include:
- sharp drops in emotional background and mood,
- indifference to their own appearance or excessive attention to it.
A dangerous complication of menopausal neurosis manifests itself in the form of depression, apathy and isolation in oneself. The reason for this depressed inner state is that the woman feels "unsuitable" because her child-bearing function has died out.
Depression, though treated with medication, but very poorly. Often, a woman who suffers from menopausal neurosis has suicidal tendencies. Mania, panic attacks and depressive states can alternate.
Changes in hormonal levels entail consequences. Among the serious complications are cancer of the mammary glands and female genital organs, mastopathy, and osteoporosis.
The appearance of wrinkles is the main symptom of menopausal neurosis. Weight, body and posture may change.
How does the IRR during menopausal neurosis?
When menopause is difficult to diagnose vascular dystonia. Climacteric neurosis with vegetative-vascular disorders is similar in symptoms. The main difference lies in the fact that neurosis in menopause affects the level of sex hormones, and in the IRR - on the peculiarities of the autonomic system. It is more difficult if both illnesses occur in the body of a woman at the same time. In this case, the following symptoms occur:
- jumping pressure
- there is an unpleasant taste in the mouth,
- frequent urination,
- Strong headache,
- fear, which is accompanied by panic and hysteria,
- pain in the heart.
Most often, the culprit of this state becomes the psyche of patients. Because they set themselves up for permanent negative. In this case, the work of the heart accelerates, blood pressure jumps and general malaise occurs. If you experience these symptoms, you should consult a doctor who specializes in psychotherapy for vascular dystonia.
In climacteric neurosis, symptoms and treatment are interrelated concepts. So, with a weak clinical picture, the signs of neurosis will eventually pass by themselves. Mental effects during menopause will not be.
Those women in whom the symptoms of neurosis significantly affect normal functioning, causing maladaptation in society, need serious treatment.
Treatment should be comprehensive. The following basic principles should be followed:
- observe diet, sleep and wakefulness,
- give up tea, coffee, hot spices and cholesterol rich foods,
- in the diet should be dairy products, vegetables and fruits,
- sleep is the main component of treatment (if insomnia, then it is better to take sleeping pills),
- shown treatment in sanatoriums and frequent walks in the fresh air,
- massage, herbal medicine, hydrotherapy,
- Exercise therapy,
- regular visits to the psychologist.
In particularly difficult cases, the doctor prescribes medications that help restore hormonal levels.
To restore hormonal levels in the fight against neurosis, hormonal drugs are prescribed. They are usually classified into two categories:
- artificial (synthetic),
- homeopathic (phytohormones that have a mild effect).
Especially popular and in demand is the drug "Klimadinon". It is a kind of sedative for menopause, which affects the vegetatics. However, this drug has a number of contraindications. Independently start taking it should not be. Only prescribed by a doctor.
Doctors recommend the drug "Grandaxinum" for climacteric neurosis. Reviews of doctors and patients about him are mostly positive. Doctors prescribe this drug during nervous exacerbations in the fall and spring. According to experts, thanks to the positive effects of the drug is effective support of the nervous system. This medicine is a potent tranquilizer with a pronounced soothing effect.
This is another recommended remedy that will help you survive menopause. So says about "Klimaktoplan" instructions for use. Price and reviews of the drug - more than acceptable. This homeopathic remedy includes substances that modulate the activity of estrogen.
The responses claim that thanks to this medicine anxiety, anxiety, panic attacks are gone. This is due to the normalization of the autonomic functions of the central nervous system. In particular, the state of the endocrine, cardiovascular systems, as well as the hypothalamus, pituitary, and adrenal glands is stabilized.
The drug can not be taken with individual sensitivity to the components, it is also prohibited during pregnancy, lactation. So it is said about "Klimaktoplan" in the instructions for use. Price (reviews claim that the cost of the drug is quite reasonable) is 608 rubles. Pills dissolve three times a day, 1-2 pieces on an empty stomach.
If a woman accepts hormonal changes, comes to terms with them, then this is half the success of therapy. The main thing is to promptly resort to the treatment of the first symptoms.
Proper nutrition, a healthy lifestyle, a stable sleep and a positive attitude towards the world around us are components of the fight against menopausal neurosis.
Causes of neurosis during menopause
Doctors previously called the cause of this type of neurosis changes in the level of hormones - gonadotropins, estrogen. This change leads to menopause, in parallel affecting other systems of the body.
However, studies have been conducted among women before and after menopause. It turned out that about 15% of cases of menopausal neurosis are found in women with regular menstruation and normal hormone levels. Almost 40% of patients suffered from this ailment 5–15 years after menopause, although their hormone levels were already stable. And half of the participants in the study had simultaneously observed violations of a cycle of a different nature and symptoms of neurosis. As a result, it was concluded: a decrease in the level of hormones, the onset of menopause, neurotic symptoms — consequences of age-related changes in the hypothalamus.
The hypothalamus is responsible not only for endocrine functions, but also for the emotional state, human behavior. That is, menopause and neurosis - parallel effects of the brain, programmed by our age. Scientists argue about the prevalence of neurotic disorders. According to research data, patients suffer from the disease in 15-85% of cases. This is too much variation, not considered statistical. Therefore, psychotherapists, endocrinologists, gynecologists have concluded: on average, neurosis during menopause occurs in half of women.
Symptoms of menopause
Physical, autonomic symptoms manifest as follows:
- flushes of heat (reddening of the face, neck, shoulders with a sensation of heat),
- heart pains - cardialgia (not organic),
- increased sweat production
- dizziness, shortness of breath, tinnitus,
- flatulence or constipation
- pain, itching when urinating and in the genital area,
- "Goosebumps on the body" - paresthesia,
- Immediately after menopause, most patients increase bone fragility, and heart and vascular diseases begin.
Changes in hormonal levels can lead to serious complications, among them: cancer of the mammary glands and female genital organs, mastopathy, osteoporosis. To prevent them, you should regularly visit the doctor.
According to statistical medical data, pathology in the form of neurosis appears during menopause in only 40-60 percent of cases. A significant factor is the presence of neurotic disorders in history prior to menopause. Inadequate experience of a woman of her condition, an enhanced reaction to changes in weight, body shape, posture, and the appearance of wrinkles is the main sign of menopausal neurosis.
- insomnia, poor sleep,
- constant fatigue
- irritability and nervousness
- unstable emotional state (mood swings),
- indifference to appearance or being too busy with it.
Depression, apathy, isolation are considered a dangerous complication of neurosis. The reason for the depressed mood is in the feeling by the woman of her “unsuitability” due to the extinction of the reproductive function. The patient feels unnecessary either in the family or in the community. There are fears, anxiety, fear of loneliness.
Depression is not amenable to therapy. Do not do without drugs. Often, according to statistics, it is at the age of 40-50 years people suffering from depression are trying to commit suicide. However, suicidal tendencies and attempts can be observed at any age and require skilled medical care.
The desire to prove to others and to oneself their relevance sometimes becomes manic. Climacteric neurosis in this case resembles bipolar disorder - a series of mania and depressive states.
With a low severity of the clinical picture there is nothing to fear - with the completion of menopause and the establishment of menopause, the symptoms of neurosis will pass by themselves. Mental effects in the postmenopausal period will not be observed.
Those who have neurotic symptoms affect normal functioning, leading to maladjustment in society, need serious medical measures.
Therapy in this case should be comprehensive. Basic principles:
- providing the patient with a proper diet and sleep and wakefulness,
- it is necessary to abandon coffee, tea, hot spices and other products (especially those rich in cholesterol), which have a stimulating effect,
- the diet should be saturated with dairy products, vegetables, fruits,
- sleep is the main component of therapy. When insomnia should take sleeping pills,
- shown treatment of menopausal neurosis in a sanatorium or at least frequent walks in the fresh air,
- phytotherapy, massage, hydrotherapy,
- therapeutic exercise (exercise therapy),
- psychotherapy, regular receptions with a psychologist,
- in difficult cases, medications are prescribed to restore hormonal levels, neuroleptics, sedative-type psychiatric drugs, anti-manic action, antidepressants.
Any medicine is forbidden to take (choose) on their own - they must appoint a doctor.
The drug Klimadinon is popular in the market. It has a calming effect and affects vegetatives. But he has contraindications that should not be forgotten - therefore, the use of the drug is possible only after consulting a doctor.
In addition to these therapeutic principles, it is necessary to remember that the situation in the family at work affects the psyche very much. Relations with a husband, children, and colleagues in the early stages of therapy are more important than pills. But you can not neglect medical care - the disease should not be tolerated, but treated. Without the correct treatment tactics chosen by the doctor, neither the husband nor the children will cure climacteric neurosis, and with her quick-tempered behavior the woman only provokes problems with the nervous system and in them.
The development of menopausal neurosis depends on many factors. The main thing is the presence in the history of neurosis before this period. People of choleric temperament are more susceptible to manic manifestations, and melancholic women are more likely to suffer from depression.
Symptoms associated with age adjustment
- Attention deficit syndrome - a feeling of being useless, unsuitable. Usually at this age, children grow up, give birth to their relationships, their lives are in full swing, and this further strengthens the syndrome.External changes lead to a number of complexes, because of which husbands are suspected of names. In order to attract attention to herself, a woman begins to invent illnesses for herself, to behave theatrically and pay too much attention to her appearance.
- Frequently changing mood, hysteria, tearfulness, tendency to exaggerate the scale of the problem.
- Depression: anxiety, depression, apathy, indifference to their appearance and everything that happens. This is due to the fact that a woman is forced to admit her withering and aging.
Associated with changes in the functions of the hypothalamus
- Increased fatigue and low performance.
- Violation of the rhythm of sleep and wakefulness, insomnia, which often help to cope only with medication.
- Significant memory impairment.
- Loss of ability to concentrate.
- Tremor and trembling throughout the body.
- Increased sweating and hot flashes that last from 20 seconds to several minutes.
- Malfunctions of the digestive system: constipation, increased gas formation in the intestines.
- Increased pressure.
A characteristic feature of the signs of neurosis in menopause is their gradualness: they begin to appear long before menopause, literally every woman between the age of 45 begins to notice their manifestations in one way or another. The more they are running, the more difficult the treatment process.
Climax is a natural process.
All men of the weaker sex face menopause. This is an inevitable physiological aging process, accompanied by hormonal changes. During this period, the production of progesterone by the ovaries gradually decreases, which affects the work of literally all body systems:
- slows down the metabolism
- blood pressure becomes unstable,
- the quality and quantity of discharge varies
- the menstrual cycle increases as the eggs do not mature,
- emotions go out of control
- chronic diseases are exacerbated.
These are not all menopausal symptoms. Women painfully endure all these changes, but they are considered to be absolutely normal, and any doctor will confirm this.
Why emotions have become beyond the power of
As in all periods accompanied by changes in the hormonal system (puberty, pregnancy, lactation), psychological problems arise during menopause. Sometimes they go along with the adaptation of the organism to all changes, and sometimes they are aggravated, transforming into climacteric neurosis. This happens when a woman is not supported by her close ones, treating her unstable emotional state as whims and bad temper.
In addition to hormones and misunderstanding of others, it is difficult to control emotions for such reasons:
- Children to whom the woman has devoted all her life become more independent, leave the parental home. The appearance of a woman is not changing for the better. Anxiety and longing for children, fears of losing a husband are transformed into fear of loneliness.
- The results of life are disappointing - the woman realizes that the best years have passed, and that for which she was striving so much did not happen: career successes, material wealth, creative realization, worthy leisure - all of this was not there, and is not in her life.
- Due to the age and changes in the functions of the hypothalamus, physical and psychological endurance decreases, this results in chronic fatigue, and against its background, nervous disorders develop more intensively.
Treatment of menopausal neurosis
A climacteric neurosis can be recognized by a woman on her own, but only a specialist can diagnose and accurately prescribe it. Usually therapy is aimed at achieving 2 goals:
- General strengthening of the body.
- Elimination of causes and elimination of symptoms of nervous disorders.
To achieve them you need:
- Adjust the sleep mode. This is the main condition for the successful treatment of neurosis with menopause. Most often, in order for sleep to become healthy, it is necessary to take sedative-hypnotic drugs. The most popular sedative drug is Reserpine, its doses and features of use are determined solely by the doctor.
- During menopause, hormonal drugs that help restore hormones are considered effective means of neurosis, and due to this, the psychoemotional state is improved.
- Follow a healthy balanced diet, supplement nutrition with vitamins for the age group 45+.
- Introduce moderate physical activity into the usual way of life: yoga, breathing exercises, meditations, long walks in the fresh air.
- Visiting sanatoriums and resort areas, and as often as possible. The procedures offered in rehabilitation facilities - massage, phyto, aromatherapy, and others - have a positive effect on physical and mental health.
- Find an outlet - a hobby that will distract from the problems and take free time.
- Work with a talented psychotherapist who will help to accept everything that happens and love the new period of life. Communication with a psychologist.
To achieve the maximum effect from the treatment of neurosis in menopause, it is necessary to use the environment of the woman. A psychologist or psychotherapist works with relatives, gives instructions and recommendations on how to behave with a woman, how to properly support her. The representatives of the weaker sex have a pronounced need to speak out and discuss problems. Conversations with souls are able to give more results than drugs.
Causes of neurosis during menopause
Nearly 60% of menopausal women suffer from menopausal neurosis. If before doctors associated this disease with a lack of hormones, now experts are increasingly paying attention to age-related changes in the hypothalamus.
Of course, the unpleasant symptoms of menopause, caused by hormonal changes, affect the psychological state of a woman, but they act as an intensifier of symptoms of menopausal neurosis, and not its main cause.
In addition, an important role is played by such factors:
- Hereditary predisposition
- Characteristics of a person.
- Stressful situations of the past (present).
- Weak immunity.
- Constant overstrain of the body.
- Wrong way of life.
- Lack of nutrients in the body.
- Chronic overworking.
- Sleep disturbance (systematic lack of sleep).
Climacteric neurosis can be caused by both one reason and a combination of factors. To establish an accurate picture of the disease can only specialist. It is the doctor who will analyze the situation, select the appropriate treatment. Because under the harmless symptoms can be hidden not only violations of metabolic processes, but also vegetative-vascular, as well as serious mental disorders.
Signs of climacteric neurosis
Neurosis with menopause has a number of characteristic signs:
- chronic fatigue,
- general irritability
- sweating with menopause,
- sudden waking at night (difficult to sleep)
- hypertonic disease,
- sudden pressure surges
- heart ailments
- mood swings
- the occurrence of tinnitus
- unstable emotional state.
- negative perception of their appearance,
- dizziness during menopause,
- loss of appetite.
Climax and neurosis are not considered interrelated concepts, because in some women mental disorders during menopause do not manifest themselves. But still there is some connection, especially if you pay attention to the behavior of women in this period of life and their perception of the world.
It is worth remembering that neurosis during menopause can include one, some or all 4 types of the following mental disorders:
- Asthenic (memory loss, fatigue, a sharp decrease in efficiency).
- Depressive (change of mood in the negative direction).
- Hypochondriacal (obsessive, excessive concern about the state of one’s health, attributing “extra diseases”).
- Hysterical (instability to the slightest stressful situations, increased manifestation of touchiness, moodiness, tearfulness).
Timely treatment of menopausal neurosis protects against a large number of negative effects, which are often irreversible.
The hypothalamus is responsible for many activities of the autonomic nervous system. For example, it affects the stability of metabolic processes, the violation of which during menopause can cause such a serious illness as osteoporosis.
Stages of development of neurosis during menopause
Neurosis in menopause passes through three stages of development. The first stage is characterized by the appearance of precursors of neurosis. At this time, the woman feels the first signs that can appear unstable, so rarely seriously pay attention to such changes in behavior, writing them off to fatigue. The second stage is the height of the disease. Women at this stage begin to seriously worry about their health and go to the doctor. If the appropriate treatment is not organized at this stage, the disease enters the third stage of a chronic disease. There are characteristic changes in the personality structure, and even the right therapy may not correct the situation.
What starts the treatment of the disease?
The nature of the treatment of climacteric neurosis depends on the neglect of the disease. In the early stages it makes no sense to resort to potent drugs, and you should pay attention to:
- The correct diet. Diet based on vegetable, dairy products, vegetables, fruits. It is not allowed to use foods rich in cholesterol. Alcohol, plenty of spices, strong coffee, tea are completely excluded.
- Full rest and sleep. If a woman does not get enough sleep, the treatment of neurosis will give almost no results. Short breaks are recommended throughout the day.
- Regular walks in the fresh air. Constant walks have a beneficial effect on the general psychological state. Still does not interfere with spa treatment.
- Therapeutic exercise, massage. Beneficial effect not only on the mental state, but also on the physical indicators of the body.
As for drugs for the treatment of neurosis during menopause, they are selected strictly individually. Without any need, there is no point in taking potent drugs that will harm rather than help.
Doctors believe that in the early stages of neurosis, you can win with the help of sedatives that stabilize the pulse, improve blood pressure, have a positive effect on sleep and reduce the frequency and strength of hot flashes.
Important! Drug therapy is possible only after consultation with your doctor and under his strict supervision.
Restoration of hormonal levels to combat neurosis
Neurosis in the period of menopause, as mentioned above, may not be associated with changes in hormonal levels. But it cannot be denied that the hot flashes and other unpleasant symptoms of menopause do not affect the woman’s psyche. Therefore, there is a sense of prescribing hormone therapy.
Hormonal drugs are divided into two categories:
- synthetic (artificial),
- homeopathic (phytohormones have a softer effect).
Such therapy will not only improve the state of the hormonal background, but also stabilize the psychological state of the woman.
The role of psychotherapy in the treatment of disease
To treat menopausal neurosis is necessary in a complex. You can not take only drugs, hoping for a quick and painless improvement. The basis of the neurosis can be serious psychological problems and injuries that can be overcome only by a qualified psychologist.
Psychotherapy with the right approach and honesty of the patient can solve several problems at once. Surprisingly, sometimes psychologists manage to stabilize a woman’s condition even without attributing serious neuroleptics and sedatives.
Regular visits to the psychologist during menopause is just as important as going to the gynecologist. After all, psychological health disorders very often provoke physiological diseases.
Prevention of Mental Disorders in Menostasis
Women's health during menopause needs constant support. The body is no longer young, so it is more difficult for it to cope with difficulties. If you take climacteric neurosis, then the first place is the attitude of the woman to herself.
If you accept changes in your body, regularly visit doctors and react to the slightest indisposition (serious attitude, not hysteria), then your body is already protected. The advantage in this way of life lies in the timely treatment of emerging diseases.
The basis for the prevention of menopausal neurosis is a healthy lifestyle, stable sleep, proper nutrition and a positive attitude towards life.
How does menopause affect the psyche?
Every woman should understand that neurosis is conditionally divided into several types of psychological disorders.
- Vegetative system. With this form, it is noted insomnia, a woman has problems with concentration, gradually worsens.
- Hysterical kind of neurosis. In this case, stress resistance decreases, so it is very difficult for a woman to cope with even insignificant stress. Signs: moodiness, tendency to constant tantrums. In some women, with a hysterical neurosis, an increased sensitivity is noted.
- Hypochondriacal view. Doctors consider this type of neurosis the saddest. Women begin to look for symptoms on their own and make diagnoses for themselves, and sometimes resort to radical methods of treatment.
In medical practice, a depressive neurosis is also noted. It is characterized by frequent changes of mood, reduced efficiency, manifested apathy.
Treatment: Key Features
Treatment is not only taking medication. Every woman with this problem must follow the general recommendations of the doctor.
Features of treatment of climacteric neurosis:
- It is necessary to adjust the diet. Include vegetable, dairy and other various products containing calcium.
- Exclude from the diet: alcoholic and energy drinks, spices, strong tea or coffee. Note that alcohol can cause hot flashes.
- Comply with sleep and rest. Patients with climacteric neurosis need a good sleep not only at the time of treatment, otherwise there will be no positive result.
- Walk more in the fresh air.
Doctors strongly recommend that women with neurosis do physical therapy, take massage courses.
Such a condition should be treated only in a complex. Do not wait for improvement from taking drugs alone.
After all, climacteric neurosis is a serious psychological problem, therefore it is necessary to strictly observe the above recommendations and, if necessary, seek the help of a psychologist.
Psychotherapy will help solve problems, thereby quickly stabilizing the general condition of a woman and without taking neuroleptics with a broad spectrum of action.
Tactics of treatment depends on the severity of clinical signs. In addition, before prescribing the drug, the doctor must take into account the age and history of the patient.
The age period is almost always accompanied by unpleasant symptoms. Therefore, in addition to the main treatment, it is necessary to further restore and maintain hormones.
To normalize the hormonal background, prescribe synthetic or homeopathic hormones. As a rule, drugs are prescribed in this condition, if a woman has panic attacks.
Low-dose drugs are used as treatment: estrogen, progesterone and androgen.
Dosage: quick-tempered with menopause, take 1 tablet a day. Climonorm: a combined anti-menopausal drug that has gestagen and estrogen in its composition. The active components of the remedy help to normalize the psychological and emotional state of the woman, thereby reducing the symptoms of neurosis. The drug has a wide list of contraindications, so it is released from the pharmacy only if you have a prescription from a doctor.
If a woman has pronounced symptoms, then Divigel is prescribed, has a feminizing effect. The initial dosage is 1.0 g of gel, use once a day. If necessary, doctors prescribe the drug in cycles with a dosage of 1.5 g per day.
Often, during climacteric neurosis, a woman is prescribed the drug Melaxen, an adaptogenic agent (improves the functions of the hypothalamus and eliminates the signs of neurosis). Dosage: To accept inside on ½ tablet in the evening. It is best to drink the medicine for half an hour before bedtime.
During menopause, sedatives are prescribed. Well-proven drug Grandaxin, the main component - tofisopam. It has a pronounced anxiolytic effect on the body. Assign in the dosage of 50-100 mg 2-3 times a day.
Ovestin is based on estriol (a natural analogue of the female hormone). The dosage is selected individually. Не принимать препарат при: венозных тромбозах, тромбофилии, при тяжелых заболеваниях нервной системы, а также при повышенной чувствительности к дополнительному составу лекарства.
If panic attacks have a psychological basis, then in this case it is necessary to take antidepressants.
Natural antidepressants: Valeryana, Motherwort, Oregano.
Homeopathic antidepressants: Inoklim, Remens.
Important! These drugs do not take their own, there is a wide list of contraindications, and there is a risk of developing a serious adverse reaction.
Traditional methods of treatment can be used not only to normalize the menstrual cycle, but also to eliminate menopausal neurosis.
Recipe number 1
Tincture based on prickly hawthorn. For cooking, you will need 1 tablespoon of crushed berries, pour 0.5 cups of alcohol. It is best to use 40%. Insist for 14 days. Before use, strain, drink 20-30 drops 2-3 times a day.
Recipe number 2
Tincture based on medicinal valerian. In a container mix 1 tablespoon of dry ingredient and 250 ml of boiling water. Insist for a day. Take 50-60 grams per day. The course of treatment lasts for a month.
Recipe number 3
Herbal based collection. It will take yarrow, to achieve the best result, add elderberry flowers, centaury grass. All herbs take an equal proportion of 10 grams, pour boiling water (250 ml), insist for 30 minutes. Before use, strain through gauze or a clean cloth. Take the finished product 30-40 ml 2 times a day.
Prevention of nerves
Gynecological diseases in women must necessarily be adequately treated. But, in addition, it is necessary to follow the simple rules of prevention.
The body is no longer young, so by all means you need to be patient and calmly behave in a stressful situation.
To adhere to proper nutrition, to get enough sleep, it will help to avoid many health problems.
Remember, if there are pronounced signs of climacteric neurosis, you must immediately begin treatment. But, you cannot take drugs yourself. Each remedy has its own contraindications and side effects; therefore, treatment is prescribed only by a doctor, based on the severity of the condition and the patient’s general history.
Neurosis during menopause does not develop in every woman. According to statistics, 30-60% of females suffer from neuroses of this nature. At the same time, the likelihood of the development of such a disease increases if neuroses of a different origin have been previously observed.
Scientists argue that the development of mental disorders during menopause is in no way connected with a change in the level of hormones in the body. The main cause of this condition is considered to be enhanced activity of the hypothalamus, which controls the sympathetic division of the human nervous system. This explains the appearance of symptoms consisting in chills, tremors in the limbs and vegetative-vascular pathology.
Not every woman has climax without inconvenience. Due to the increase in the number of male hormones begins to gain weight, to get rid of that can be very difficult. The tone of the skin is reduced, there are numerous wrinkles. The condition of hair and nails is getting worse. That is why a woman may experience mental disorders, accompanied by the following symptoms:
- mood swings (laughter appearing immediately after crying or vice versa),
- emotional and mental instability,
- lack of sleep or vice versa increased drowsiness,
- chronic feeling of tiredness
- sudden jumps in blood pressure, chronic hypertension,
- disruption of the autonomic and cardiovascular systems,
- a sudden feeling of numbness or tingling in the upper or lower limbs,
- irritability, resentment,
- regular hot flushes, sharply flowing into cold flushes,
- vegetovascular disorders.
Many women in the period of menopause try to look better, buy clothes that do not match their age, avoid any mention of the fact that they are aging. The other half of women, on the contrary, completely lose interest in cosmetics and clothes. They focus their attention only on their age-related changes, accompanied by various disorders. Both of these conditions are not the norm and can be the main symptom of developing neurosis.
If you follow the treatment prescribed by a doctor, the prognosis is quite favorable. Most often, the disease can be completely cured.
The most important thing in the struggle with neurosis is the attitude of a woman towards herself. It is necessary to monitor the condition of your body, regularly visit the gynecologist and inform him of any changes in the body, accompanied by unpleasant symptoms. This will help withstand climate neurosis.
In addition to all the listed methods of treatment, we must not forget that the situation within the family greatly affects the mental state of the body. A good relationship with a spouse, children, friends and close relatives often helps better than any pills. However, to ignore medical care is not worth it, because in most cases it is very difficult to cope with the problem yourself.
Why does neurosis appear during menopause
Not so long ago, doctors believed that during menopause, women develop neurosis due to a decrease in the level of sex hormones - estrogen and progesterone. But studies were conducted on the histories of menopausal patients having a diagnosis of neurosis, who refuted the existing opinion and put forward a new one.
To begin, let us review the results of the study. Approximately 15% of women diagnosed with neurosis had regular periods and normal hormonal levels. In almost 40% of women, neurosis appeared only 5–15 years after menopause, when the body had a consistently low level of hormones.
In half of the patients, neurosis began to develop simultaneously with menopausal symptoms: menstrual disorders, hot flushes, increased sweating, irritability and others. Scientists have concluded that neurotic manifestations, like menopause, cause age-related changes in the hypothalamus. It is located in the brain and is responsible for the endocrine functions in the lady's body, as well as for her behavior and emotions.
That is why so often menopause and neurosis come to mature women at the same time. But you should know that these states are not interrelated. After all, only half of all women in menopause have symptoms of neurosis. The other half of the women during menopause does not face mental disorders.
You should know that the neurosis has these types of mental disorders:
- Vegetative system.
These include: rapid fatigability, memory impairment, difficulty in concentrating, sleep disturbance, or insomnia. As a result, performance drops sharply.
The lady's stress resistance is significantly reduced, and it is difficult for her to cope with even a little stress. A woman becomes capricious, whiny and prone to tantrums. This is manifested in increased sensitivity and claims against loved ones.
They are manifested in increased attention to their own persona and the state of their health. A woman requires constant attention from others. She is looking for symptoms of disease and finds nonexistent diseases or pathologies.
The lady often changes mood. She has a disturbing attitude and the desire to do something disappears.
When a woman develops a neurosis during menopause, she can have either one type of the disorder examined, or several, or the whole list.
Symptoms of pathology
Consider what symptoms may have menopausal neurosis:
- mood swings
- appearance of unreasonable irritability,
- negative perception of their external data,
- noise in ears,
- loss of appetite
- feeling of chronic fatigue,
- excessive sweating
- sleep disturbance: it is hard to sleep in the evening, a sudden awakening at night after which it is difficult to fall asleep again,
- heart pains not caused by organic causes
- constipation or flatulence
- excessive care about your appearance or vice versa, complete indifference to it,
- lack of desire to communicate, up to the development of social phobia.
Another manifestation of this state is a decrease in self-esteem. The woman may appear obsessive thoughts that she has lost its attractiveness for her husband and can leave her. She is trying to become more useful for all family members and is trying to do more work. As a result, the lady gets more tired and the disease increases.
How does the disease develop
Even the most "scary" menopause can be defeated at home! Just do not forget two or three times a day.
The development of climacteric neurosis during menopause passes through 3 stages:
- The first stage is characterized by periodic disturbances in the work of the vegetative-vascular system, as well as by rapid changes in the psycho-emotional state. As a rule, women write off signs of fatigue, the effects of stress experienced, or the onset of menopause.
- In the second stage, an intensive development of the disease occurs. The symptoms of neurosis, which can manifest themselves with different intensity and duration, begin to alarm the lady.
- The third stage - the disease turned into a chronic form. There are changes in the structure of personality.
Treatment of neurosis during menopause
At the first stage, treatment will not require potent drugs. Sometimes, it is enough to make adjustments to the way of life and help a woman accept the age-related changes that occur to her. In the second stage, it is important to seek medical attention.
Treatment of menopausal neurosis should be carried out only in a comprehensive manner. You need to be examined by a therapist, gynecologist and endocrinologist. If heart pains are disturbing, then a cardiologist's consultation is necessary in order not to miss the development of diseases of the cardiovascular system. At this stage, there are often enough sedative drugs that soothe, stabilize the pulse, normalize blood pressure, and eliminate sleep problems.
In this case, working with a psychologist will help stabilize the patient's condition without the use of sedatives and neuroleptics.
What adjustments should be made to the way of life
If a woman has noticed several signs of neurosis in herself, then she should immediately reconsider her way of life. It is necessary to draw up or adjust the existing daily routine. It is very important that the lady slept at least 7-8 hours a day.
And go to bed, preferably in the interval between 22 and 23 hours. During sleep, serotonin is produced, which is necessary for overcoming mental disorders.
Key points of the daily routine
It is necessary to pay attention to such aspects:
- Reconsider the diet.
It is necessary to completely exclude the use of products that act stimulantly on the psyche: coffee, tea, chocolate, cocoa, ginger and spices. It is desirable to minimize the consumption of simple carbohydrates. But you can not completely abandon the use of sweet. To this end, sugar, candy and baked goods are replaced with honey and dried fruits. The basis of proper nutrition are fresh vegetables and fruits. The menu should include whole grain cereals, dairy products, different types of nuts, fatty fish and seafood.
- Every day should walk in the fresh air.
It is important to do this in a park area. At every opportunity you need to get out into nature. Beautiful views of mountains, ponds, forests have a strong positive effect in the treatment of all types of neuroses. Patients are advised to start photographing nature. So a woman will focus her attention on beautiful places, and get more positive emotions.
- Be sure to schedule the day should be set aside time for physical activity.
It includes physiotherapy, yoga and swimming in the pool. A very good effect in the treatment of neurosis gives massage and aromatherapy.
But perhaps the most important thing during this life phase will be to love your age and stop being afraid to grow old. When a woman fails to independently accept events occurring with her, then you need to seek professional help from a psychotherapist.
We reviewed the symptoms and treatment of neurosis during menopause. It should be remembered that the starting point in the development of any kind of neurosis is the attitude of a woman towards herself. It is important to learn to love and appreciate yourself at any age and condition. Accept that eternal youth does not exist, and the body begins to age gradually.
In the first stage of the disease, a woman can cope on her own. To do this, you need to adhere to a healthy lifestyle: normalize sleep, eat properly, walk in the fresh air every day and look at life positively. If problems arise with the last item, then you need to contact a psychotherapist for help. We wish you good health!
And what do you know about the development and treatment of neurosis during menopause?
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How to recognize and cure menopausal neurosis
Climax occurs sooner or later in the life of every woman, and in most cases proceeds smoothly, with symptoms characteristic of this condition. When menopause occurs the natural extinction of childbearing function, and usually it happens at the age of women 45−55 years.
A woman may feel hot flashes, fatigue, depression, urinary incontinence, vaginal dryness. The result of this process is the termination of the menstrual function (menopause). The process of menopause can last from several months to several years, at the end of which the woman feels healthy again.
But sometimes the normal course of menopause may be complicated by the appearance of climacteric neurosis, which is primarily characterized by changes in the central and vegetative nervous systems. Most often, menopausal neurosis occurs in women with an unstable psyche and emotionally unstable women.
If women have a history of other types of neurosis, then with the onset of menopause, this condition may worsen, since menopausal syndrome overlaps with the underlying disease.
How to recognize menopausal neurosis?
Pathological course of menopause occurs according to statistics in women in 30-60% of all cases of menopause. Its course resembles the characteristic course of menopause, but other symptoms characteristic of neuroses are added to all the symptoms.
In the development of menopausal neurosis, the stage of precursors of neurosis is distinguished, when the first signs of menopause appear, and the height of the disease, when it is difficult to miss the signs of neurosis.
Since during menopause a change in the hormonal background occurs, then outwardly a woman's body shape changes, posture, skin elasticity decreases, wrinkles and gray hair appear, and weight increases. Normally, this can happen to anyone, and the response to such changes is adequate. Climacteric neurosis is characterized by an inadequate response to age-related changes.
The clinical picture of climacteric neurosis is as follows:
Often with the extinction of childbearing function in women with climacteric neurosis, a feeling of unsuitability and lack of demand arises, which results in a feeling of an extra person in the family. In such women, social activity disappears, they become self-contained, apathy and indifference to everything that happens occurs.
Some women, on the contrary, try to perform more functions than they usually perform, that is, they try to prove their necessity in the family. These women spend a lot of time on their appearance, which gradually develops into mania over time.
Hormonal methods for treating climacteric neurosis
The most effective treatment for menopausal neurosis is hormone therapy. For the treatment of menopausal neurosis, estrogens (and their synthetic analogues), androgens (and methylandrostendiol, which are close to androgens in structure, are used), as well as their combination with each other. The use of estrogen and androgenic drugs, as well as their combinations, have well-defined indications and contraindications, without which hormone therapy may be ineffective or may lead to undesirable complications. Стойкое устранение симптомов климактерического невроза наблюдается только при длительном непрерывном лечении.
What is climax?
Menopause (menopause) is a transitional period in a woman’s life, associated with the extinction of ovarian function. Deficiency of sex hormones causes a whole complex of symptoms. They may be of varying severity: from minor to avalanche-like. The result of turning off ovarian function is the cessation of reproductive function, apparently this is manifested by the absence of menstruation.
Climax occurs in women 45-55 years. Climax, which arose before 40 years, is called premature, and after 55 years - called late.
The causes of premature menopause can be long-term negative emotions, abundant blood loss during childbirth, prolonged breastfeeding, frequent childbirth and abortion, malnutrition, chronic debilitating infections, prolonged mental stress, hard physical labor.
Climax: phases of development
Climacteric neurosis is a condition of the body caused by pathological age-related changes in the function of the central nervous system and characterized by autonomic-nervous and neuro-psychic changes. Climacteric neurosis occurs when the menstrual cycle is disturbed, preserved, and even at the right level, and at various times after the onset of menopause (sometimes even after 10 years). The frequency of menopausal neurosis in women ranges from 10 to 84%. Neurosis appears, mainly due to the increased activity of various centers of the nervous system. In turn, this causes "hot flashes" - a short-term (from 0.5 to 2 minutes) feeling of heat, accompanied by redness of the face, neck, upper half of the body and excessive sweating, as well as irritability, tearfulness, etc. . With the appearance of climacteric neurosis, patients complain of "hot flashes", often for pain in the region of the heart, and heartbeat. Sometimes there are bouts of heart palpitations. Sometimes there are disorders of the vestibular function: tinnitus, dizziness, imbalance, etc. Since patients with climacteric neurosis have an imbalance of the hormonal systems of the body, the risk of atherosclerosis, hypertension, myocardial infarction, diabetes, glaucoma and other diseases increases.
In addition to climacteric neurosis, menopause can be complicated by long-term uterine bleeding. In all these cases, an urgent need to consult a gynecologist.
For the diagnosis of climacteric neurosis, special tests are used: they conduct cytological studies of vaginal smears, determine the level of sex hormones, catecholamines, etc.
Climax: treatment of climacteric neurosis
Not all patients need treatment for pathological menopause, but only those whose clinical signs are pronounced and lead to social disadaptation. The experience of our doctors suggests that the treatment should be carried out 10-50% of patients. For the prevention and treatment of climacteric neurosis, restorative measures are shown, including the correct mode of work and rest, balanced diet, vitamins of group B, C, A, E, etc. Assign a milk-vegetable diet rich in vitamins, with the exception of products that increase the excitability of the nervous system ( spices, coffee, strong tea, alcohol, etc.). Limit foods rich in fat and cholesterol. Physical therapy, mud therapy, hydrotherapy, relaxing massages, physiotherapy, psychotherapy, phytotherapy are widely used.
In the event that the activities carried out do not bring significant relief to the patient, drug therapy with neuroleptics is prescribed, preparations of female and male sex hormones are recommended. Many are afraid of these drugs, as they have heard about possible complications. I want to dispel these prejudices. Lovely women, under the strict supervision of a gynecologist nothing to fear. You will be regularly examined according to the developed plan. The slightest changes in the analyzes and the results of the survey will not be ignored.
However, this therapy must be carried out under the supervision of a physician and after his appointments. Otherwise, the symptoms of menopause may increase.
And still, you should change style of your life a little. Only changes must come from the heart. Since the metabolic processes in the body slow down somewhat, you run the risk of gaining weight. Usually, women add about 5 kg. In combination with a diet, you just need to do exercises and walk for at least half an hour a day. These simple measures will not only help to keep the figure, but will also contribute to the improvement of overall well-being and mood. When you quickly rush through life, you sometimes need to make stops to review all that has been done and make plans for the future. Make such a stop at the age of 45 or 50 years to keep good spirits and self-confidence for many years!
Features of the treatment of climacteric neurosis and its symptoms
Climacteric neurosis (it is almost impossible to independently recognize and conduct symptoms and treatment) is an acute problem for women of balzac age. Climax - an unpleasant, but inevitable period in the life of any woman. Usually occurs in 45-55 years (in smokers - a few years earlier). By this time, hormone production decreases, metabolism slows down, cells are updated less and less. It is during the period of menopause there is a set of diseases that have not manifested before. The hormonal function of the female body (ovaries) often fades away over a period of three to four years. The process is accompanied by changes, including mental ones. After menopause, menopausal syndrome is observed in more than half of the patients.
The severity of the syndrome depends on the state of the body in premenopause (this is the period from the first menstruation to the disappearance of regular “critical days”). Most often women complain during menopause of neurotic disorders. Climax - stress for the body, but, in addition, it affects the psychological sense of self. The approach of old age is not all people perceive the same. Someone loses interest in beauty, ceases to follow. Others, by contrast, unduly young. Both behaviors are a consequence of a psychological upheaval, often requiring the assistance of a qualified psychotherapist.
A very unpleasant companion to menopause is menopausal neurosis, the symptoms and treatment of which vary greatly depending on the severity of the pathology. If any of the relatives have a similar problem, you should certainly provide full support. It is often difficult for family members to tolerate the constant irritability of a wife or mother, but it is necessary not to be offended, but to understand is not a manifestation of a bad temper, but a disease. Calm, love and understanding of loved ones are indispensable for neurosis.
Features of the treatment of climacteric neurosis in women
By climacteric neurosis is meant the general state of the psyche of a woman with the expression of disorders of a vegetative-nervous nature. Such changes are only partly associated with changes in the hormonal background of the body. Pathological changes in the functioning of the hypothalamic and other centers of the nervous system have a more significant effect.
Climacteric neurosis is a serious disease that needs timely diagnosis and treatment.ui If at the early stages the treatment process goes smoothly, then in a neglected form, serious consequences are manifested, including the change in the structure of a person’s personality.
Characteristics of menopausal neurosis
Neurosis in menopause is a frequent occurrence. 60% of women are likely to experience the symptoms of the disease. In most cases, such negative changes are observed in patients before menopause. Climacteric neurosis is accompanied by mood changes and asthenic syndrome, the development of IRR or the progression of a long-standing disease.
Climacteric neurosis can also be characterized by:
- increased aggressiveness
- constant fatigue.
Against the background of such reactions of the body, relationships in the family change, it becomes more difficult to find a common language with a woman. The more she is without treatment, the stronger the climacteric neurosis affects her behavior and perception of the surrounding world.
VSD and neurosis
The IRR, vascular dystonia, is accompanied by a number of neurological symptoms. IRR can cause neurological manifestations or occur against the background of a permanent deterioration in the protection of the psyche. Sleep, day and nutrition of a woman is disturbed - she is in constant stress.
For the treatment of used therapy aimed at the elimination of neurological and psychological problems. Work is being done with the patient who is going through inevitable changes: the therapist helps to accept the changes and overcome all the negative effects of menopause (bouts of IRR or frequent mood swings).
The development of climate neurosis
Climacteric neurosis and its symptoms go through three stages of development. Primary manifestations are barely noticeable - these are drastic mood swings that a woman with vascular disorders can control. The symptoms of the disease do not have a clear picture, they appear and disappear.
In the second stage, the peak of the disease. Symptoms are constantly disturbing woman. This stage divides the disease, which is amenable to rapid treatment, and chronic disease.
With vegetovascular disorders, an obsessive state appears: the lady feels anger and aggression, and then tries to displace them in a close environment. The third stage is accompanied by personality changes that are noticeable. For treatment during this period, drug therapy and psychotherapy are necessary.
Treatment of the disease
Treatment of VSD with menopause and neurosis is carried out in a complex. A woman is prescribed a diet that restores metabolic processes in the body.
The patient should arrange relaxation to relieve tension in the nervous system. She will benefit from new activities and trips. Additionally, massage and exercise are prescribed. For menopause, when symptoms cannot be tolerated, sedatives and painkillers are prescribed.
Drug treatment is prescribed only by the attending physician. Sedatives or tranquilizers are used in cases where the patient suffers from depression.
Healing folk remedies
The choice of treatment with folk remedies is a safe alternative to taking pharmacological drugs.
Ingredients for tinctures are selected independently: the fair sex can be confident in their quality. When the IRR and violations in the psyche is useful to drink tea with sage or rosehip. If the disease is accompanied by constant aggression, a few dried branches of mint and sage are brewed.
Ingredients are boiled and infused for an hour. Decoction is added to the bath, it is taken half an hour. Self-made preparations can be stored for several days if they are water based, or for several months if they are on alcohol (they are stored in dark containers).